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Peculiar, diverse and dangerous to crops: A checklist of the scale insects of Iran

Date:
October 2, 2013
Source:
Pensoft Publishers
Summary:
Largely diverse and economically important group, the scale insects of Iran require further investigation and improvement of knowledge, both from taxonomic and practical point of view. A new detailed checklist of Coccoidea in Iran provides the first steps in the better understanding of the family and a call for future investigations and practical use of knowledge in pest control management.
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This image shows the scale insect Rhizopulvinaria artemisiae (Signoret).
Credit: M. Moghaddam; CC-BY 3.0

A detailed annotated checklist of the scale insects of Iran, describing a total of 275 species from 13 families, represents a first effort towards a better knowledge of the Coccoidea family in attempt to improve the view in practical fields such as pest control management. The scale insects species are listed along with their locality data and host plants. In addition to latest species names for any record, new records for Iran and new host plants for some scale insects species. The study was published in the open access journal Zookeys.

Scale insects of the superfamily Coccoidea are sap-sucking hemipterous insects with an estimated 8000 species within 49 families, of which 16 are only known from fossils. They vary dramatically in appearance, some of them are very small (around 1 mm) and grow beneath wax covers, others look like shiny pearl-like objects or are covered with mealy wax. These peculiar looking creatures secrete a waxy coating for defense. This makes them resemble reptilian scales or fish scales, hence their common name.

Scale insects are studied relatively little in Iran, but are economically important as they cause reduced crop yield through their feeding and transferring pathogen microorganisms to a wide range of plants. "Although the scale insects of Iran have been relatively well studied, there is still a strong need for further investigations, including extensive collections of these families in Iran," explains the author of the study Dr Masumeh Moghaddam, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran.

The new detailed study of the Coccoidea superfamily aims at paving the road for future research on this important group of insects and the practical implementation of knowledge in pest control management.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Pensoft Publishers. The original story is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Masumeh Moghaddam. An annotated checklist of the scale insects of Iran (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Coccoidea) with new records and distribution data. ZooKeys, 2013; 334: 1 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.334.5818

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Pensoft Publishers. "Peculiar, diverse and dangerous to crops: A checklist of the scale insects of Iran." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 October 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131002103304.htm>.
Pensoft Publishers. (2013, October 2). Peculiar, diverse and dangerous to crops: A checklist of the scale insects of Iran. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 29, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131002103304.htm
Pensoft Publishers. "Peculiar, diverse and dangerous to crops: A checklist of the scale insects of Iran." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131002103304.htm (accessed August 29, 2015).

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