Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Eucalypt in Ethiopian highlands: Increasing productivity of important tree

Date:
February 10, 2014
Source:
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Summary:
Researchers are collaborating in a eucalypts breeding program in the Ethiopian highlands which will increase this species productivity.

Eucalypt plantations in the Ethiopian highlands.
Credit: Paula Guzmán

Researchers at the UPM are collaborating in a eucalypts breeding program in the Ethiopian highlands which will increase this species productivity.

Related Articles


This program is developed by the research group of Forest Physiology and Genetics and the cooperative group of Support to Forestry Development of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM). Also, it is supported by several national and international institutions that will contribute to satisfy the demand of woody biomass and other financial needs of Ethiopian farmers.

For years, these two research groups have been collaborating with Forestry Research Center and the St. Mary's College and supported by Ence and the Council of Alcorcón. Also, they are working on providing the Ethiopian highlands with tools and knowledge for better forestry management. This could constitute a valuable tool to achieve sustainability when using and supplying natural resources. The main project consists of a eucalypt breeding program that will result in improvements in many areas.

The great demand for forest products to use for agriculture by the population of the Ethiopian highlands has resulted in the deforestation of a region with the lowest human development rate in the world. The eucalypt is the species with the highest demand among Ethiopian farmers and has an important environmental and socioeconomic key role in the highlands area. The consumption of eucalypt is been boosted because of its compatibility with the grazing system and its high yields even in marginal agricultural soils of abandoned lands. However, farmers are lacking of start materials and the current techniques make production difficult.

Within the improvement program, the researchers established an experimental test with eucalypt plants from Ethiopia and Spain in order to compare their potential productivity in local conditions. The Spanish plant, that had a certain rate of improvement, showed a growth and survival rate between 27% and 35%, a rate higher than the Ethiopian plants. Although this test is hurt by atypical adverse environmental factors in the area, by restrictions and hard survival due to frost and drought, the early results give an idea of the potential of forest improvements to increase eucalypt productivity. The Spanish plant use broadens the genetic layout in the Ethiopian highlands that was historically very limited.

Besides, this test will produce materials of high quality (seeds and sections of plants) and using them will allow farmers to obtain better yields in future plantings. Therefore, it will contribute to satisfy the demand of woody biomass which is used for fuel and constructions. Also, this would support the emerging wood local market.

The eucalypt research was possible thanks to a nursery setting for the production of eucalypt and its native plant. The outcome was the reforestation of 140 hectares of degraded land owned by 286 families of farmers and also the setting of 25 hectares of experimental tests.

Also, a Forest Centre was build to support the development of activities the area. Meanwhile, a eucalypt national congress was held in order to share knowledge and results, also to create a network of species users.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. "Eucalypt in Ethiopian highlands: Increasing productivity of important tree." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 February 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140210083201.htm>.
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. (2014, February 10). Eucalypt in Ethiopian highlands: Increasing productivity of important tree. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140210083201.htm
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. "Eucalypt in Ethiopian highlands: Increasing productivity of important tree." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140210083201.htm (accessed April 20, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Plants & Animals News

Monday, April 20, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Deepwater And Dolphins: The Oil Spill's Impact 5 Years On

Deepwater And Dolphins: The Oil Spill's Impact 5 Years On

Newsy (Apr. 20, 2015) — Five years on, the possible environmental impact of the Deepwater Horizon spill includes a sustained die-off of bottlenose dolphins, among others. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Five Years Later, the BP Oil Spill Is Still Taking Its Toll

Five Years Later, the BP Oil Spill Is Still Taking Its Toll

AFP (Apr. 20, 2015) — On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon rig in the Gulf of Mexico started the biggest oil spill in US history. BP recently reported the Gulf is recovering well, but scientists paint a different picture. Duration: 02:36 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Thai Customs Seize African Elephant Tusks Worth $6 Mn

Thai Customs Seize African Elephant Tusks Worth $6 Mn

AFP (Apr. 20, 2015) — Thai customs seize four tonnes of African elephant ivory worth $6 million at a Bangkok port in a container labelled as beans. Duration: 00:47 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Un-Bee-Lievable: Bees on the Loose After Washington Truck Crash

Un-Bee-Lievable: Bees on the Loose After Washington Truck Crash

Reuters - US Online Video (Apr. 17, 2015) — A truck carrying honey bees overturns near Lynnwood, Washington, spreading boxes of live bees across the highway. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins