Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

18 new species of molluscs identified

Date:
April 28, 2014
Source:
Universidad de Cádiz
Summary:
A researcher has reviewed, from a molecular and morphological point of view, a family of marine gastropod molluscs, the Aeolidiidae nudibranch, and discovered eighteen new species. Molluscs are invertebrates that make up one of the most numerous groups in the animal kingdom. They are everywhere, from great heights of over 3,000 meters above sea level to ocean profundities of over 5,000 meters deep, in polar and tropical waters and they tend to be common elements on coastlines around the world.

Leila Carmona is involved in a project which has been principally based on reviewing, from a molecular and morphological point of view, all of the known species that make up the Aeolidiidae family of molluscs.
Credit: Image courtesy of Universidad de Cádiz

Leila Carmona, from the Marine Biology and Fisheries Group, has reviewed, from a molecular and morphological point of view, a family of marine gastropod molluscs, the Aeolidiidae nudibranch.

Molluscs are invertebrates that make up one of the most numerous groups in the animal kingdom. They are everywhere, from great heights of over 3,000m above sea level to ocean profundities of over 5,000m deep, in polar and tropical waters and they tend to be common elements on coastlines around the world. Within this animal group are found the nudibranchs, characterized among other things, for not having shells and being brightly colored. This coloring alerts their predators to their toxicity. Within this group, in turn, we can find the Aeolidiidae family.

This family has been the centre of a study by the researcher from the University of Cádiz, Leila Carmona; a project which has been principally based on reviewing, from a molecular and morphological point of view, all of the known species that make it up. This group of invertebrates "is one of the biggest with regard to the number of genera that make it up and, although it has been known for a long time, not a lot is known about it," explains the researcher.

So, Doctor Carmona started a project whose primary objective was to draw up a list of the greatest possible number of these animals and in order to do this, together with one of her thesis directors, the UCA professor Juan Lucas Cervera, she requested material from museums, research institutes, universities, diving associations or any individual familiar with and residing in the areas where specific species of Aeolidiidae could be found. In this way, the University of Cadiz, gradually built up an important collection of these molluscs, 52 species, which were studied by Leila Carmona.

"Once we started acquiring the species, the molecular analysis began. For this, their DNA was extracted and a series of analyses known as "phylogenetic analyses" was carried out, the aim of which was to determine the degree of relatedness between species and genera. In this way, a list of results was gradually compiled and we could decide which genera were valid and which were not, in order to define the difference between genera and which characteristics determined each of them," in the words of the researcher. Of the 52 species studied, 18 of them were new, that is to say, "they were not previously known to science." Therefore, "at this moment I am drawing up descriptions of these newly discovered species."

Among the new species discovered by Leila Carmona there is one species, Anteaeolidiella indica, which has brought her many surprises. "A priori, it was a species that was supposedly spread throughout the world, and after molecular analysis it was observed to be not one species, but eight different ones. Of these, three are new and the ironic thing is that the species described initially and which corresponds to this denomination, does not appear, or at least, we have not managed to find it. With the data that we currently have, extracted from these species and with the original description dating from the 19th Century, we have not managed to find that animal. Therefore it would appear that we have been using an incorrect name since the 19th Century for eight different species and we do not know with precision which mollusc corresponds to the name we have been using," determines the doctor.

Another striking case is that of the Spurilla onubensis. "From the work carried out using modern Molecular Biology and Scanning Electron Microscope techniques, we realized that a series of examples of this found in Huelva corresponded to a species new to scientists, in spite of having been identified as Spurilla neapolitana for years."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Universidad de Cádiz. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal References:

  1. Leila Carmona, Marta Pola, Terrence M. Gosliner, Juan Lucas Cervera. A Tale That Morphology Fails to Tell: A Molecular Phylogeny of Aeolidiidae (Aeolidida, Nudibranchia, Gastropoda). PLoS ONE, 2013; 8 (5): e63000 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063000
  2. Leila Carmona, Vishal Bhave, Rahul Salunkhe, Marta Pola, Terrence M. Gosliner, Juan Lucas Cervera. Systematic review ofAnteaeolidiella(Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Aeolidiidae) based on morphological and molecular data, with a description of three new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2014; 171 (1): 108 DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12129
  3. Leila Carmona, Bonnie R. Lei, Marta Pola, Terrence M. Gosliner, Ángel Valdés, Juan Lucas Cervera. Untangling theSpurilla neapolitana(Delle Chiaje, 1841) species complex: a review of the genusSpurilla Bergh, 1864 (Mollusca: Nudibranchia: Aeolidiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2014; 170 (1): 132 DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12098

Cite This Page:

Universidad de Cádiz. "18 new species of molluscs identified." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 April 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140428094215.htm>.
Universidad de Cádiz. (2014, April 28). 18 new species of molluscs identified. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140428094215.htm
Universidad de Cádiz. "18 new species of molluscs identified." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140428094215.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

Share This



More Plants & Animals News

Monday, October 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Raw: Rare Lion Cubs Make Debut at Belgrade Zoo

Raw: Rare Lion Cubs Make Debut at Belgrade Zoo

AP (Oct. 17, 2014) — Two white lion cubs were born in Belgrade zoo three weeks ago. White lions are a rare mutation of a species found in South Africa and some cultures consider them divine. (Oct. 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Best Foods To Boost Your Mood

The Best Foods To Boost Your Mood

Buzz60 (Oct. 17, 2014) — Feeling down? Reach for the refrigerator, not the medicine cabinet! TC Newman (@PurpleTCNewman) shares some of the best foods to boost your mood. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Sweet Times for Hard Cider Makers

Sweet Times for Hard Cider Makers

AP (Oct. 16, 2014) — With hard cider making a hardcore comeback across the country, craft makers are trying to keep up with demand and apple growers are tapping a juicy new revenue stream. (Oct. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Meet Garfi the Angry Cat

Meet Garfi the Angry Cat

Buzz60 (Oct. 16, 2014) — Garfi is one frowny, feisty feline - downright angry! Ko Im (@koimtv) introduces us to the latest animal celebrity taking over the Internet. You can follow more of Garfi's adventures on Twitter (@MeetGarfi) and Facebook (Garfi). Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins