Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Current trends for forest biomass for energy in EU

Date:
June 4, 2014
Source:
European Forest Institute
Summary:
The EU aims to get 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. Renewables include wind, solar, hydro-electric and tidal power as well as geothermal energy and biomass. These ambitious targets set in the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) have led to concerns about the levels of woody biomass from forests which would need to be mobilized to meet them.

The EU aims to get 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. Renewables include wind, solar, hydro-electric and tidal power as well as geothermal energy and biomass. These ambitious targets set in the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) have led to concerns about the levels of woody biomass from forests which would need to be mobilized to meet them.

Recently, three NGOs -- Birdlife Europe, European Environment Bureau, and Transport and Environment -- contracted EFI along with the International Institute for Sustainability Analysis and Strategy (IINAS) and Joanneum Research to conduct a study on current trends in forest biomass for energy in Europe, carbon balance and the sustainable potential. This study was launched in Brussels on 21 May 2014 with many interested parties from NGOs, industry and the European Commission in attendance.

EFI presented two alternative mobilizations of forest biomass. The reference mobilization was based on a dynamic response to Renewable Energy Directive targets with increasing infrastructure and mechanization and stronger forest owner groups to 2020 and beyond. In this case, meeting climate and energy targets would be the main driver. The negative environmental effects of intensified use of forest resources would be weighed against, and considered less important than the negative effects of continued reliance on fossil fuels. This mobilization would see a potential availability of 880 million m3 of woody biomass by 2020. The low mobilization assumed much stricter environmental constraints on forest biomass removal such as prohibition of stump removal, no fertilizer use to replace nutrients lost when forest material was removed and an increase in the area of protected forests and retained trees. When compared with the reference, this mobilization resulted in a 33% lower availability of total biomass from forests in 2020 to 583 million m3. To place this in context approximately 470 million m3 of woody biomass was harvested from European forests in 2010.

The amount of forest-derived and woody biomass was then estimated that could be sustainably supplied for energy uses without compromising material uses of wood. The role of sustainable woody bioenergy in the future EU energy system was analyzed for electricity, heat and transport fuels, taking into account the potentials for energy efficiency, and non-bioenergy renewables. Overall, the study found that the lower mobilization of forest resources would be sufficient to meet woody material demands only if resource efficient cascades and stringent energy efficiency measures were implemented.

The report is available online at: http://www.eeb.org/EEB/?LinkServID=FE1EAF33-5056-B741-DBEF3F46BC26A1E1


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by European Forest Institute. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

European Forest Institute. "Current trends for forest biomass for energy in EU." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 June 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140604093539.htm>.
European Forest Institute. (2014, June 4). Current trends for forest biomass for energy in EU. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 16, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140604093539.htm
European Forest Institute. "Current trends for forest biomass for energy in EU." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140604093539.htm (accessed September 16, 2014).

Share This



More Earth & Climate News

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Conservationists Face Uphill PR Battle With New Shark Rules

Conservationists Face Uphill PR Battle With New Shark Rules

Newsy (Sep. 14, 2014) New conservation measures for shark fishing face an uphill PR battle in the fight to slow shark extinction. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Pakistan's 'killer Mountain' Fails to Draw Tourists After Attack

Pakistan's 'killer Mountain' Fails to Draw Tourists After Attack

AFP (Sep. 12, 2014) In June 2013, 10 foreign mountaineers and their guide were murdered on Nanga Parbat, an iconic peak that stands at 8,126m tall in northern Pakisan. Duration: 02:34 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Solar Storm To Hit This Weekend, Scientists Not Worried

Solar Storm To Hit This Weekend, Scientists Not Worried

Newsy (Sep. 11, 2014) Two solar flares which erupted in our direction this week will arrive this weekend. The resulting solar storm will be powerful but not dangerous. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Ozone Layer Is Recovering, But It's Not All Good News

The Ozone Layer Is Recovering, But It's Not All Good News

Newsy (Sep. 11, 2014) The Ozone layer is recovering thickness! Hooray! But in helping its recovery, we may have also helped put more greenhouse gases out there. Hooray? Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins