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Little penguins forage together: 40% of studied penguins synchronized underwater movements while foraging

Date:
August 13, 2014
Source:
PLOS
Summary:
Most little penguins may search for food in groups, and even synchronize their movements during foraging trips.

Most little penguins may search for food in groups, and even synchronize their movements during foraging trips, according to a study published August 13, 2014 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Maud Berlincourt and John Arnould from Deakin University in Australia.

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Little penguins are the smallest penguin species and they live exclusively in southern Australia, New Zealand, and the Chatham Islands, but spend most of their lives at sea in search of food. Not much is known about group foraging behavior in seabirds due to the difficulty in observing their remote feeding grounds.

Scientists aiming to better understand this behavior used GPS-derived location and diving data to track at-sea foraging associations of little penguins during breeding season. Researchers gathered 84 separate foraging tracks and then categorized individual penguin associations into one of three groups: not associating with other penguins; associating when departing from or returning to the colony; or at sea when traveling or diving, including synchronized dives.

The authors found that ~ 70% of little penguins' foraging tracks were in association with other penguins, ~ 50% of individuals dove while associating with other penguins, and ~ 40% exhibited synchronous diving. These behaviors suggest little penguins forage in groups, may synchronize their underwater movements, and potentially cooperate to concentrate their small-schooling prey.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by PLOS. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Maud Berlincourt, John P. Y. Arnould. At-Sea Associations in Foraging Little Penguins. PLoS ONE, 2014; 9 (8): e105065 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105065

Cite This Page:

PLOS. "Little penguins forage together: 40% of studied penguins synchronized underwater movements while foraging." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 August 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140813174225.htm>.
PLOS. (2014, August 13). Little penguins forage together: 40% of studied penguins synchronized underwater movements while foraging. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140813174225.htm
PLOS. "Little penguins forage together: 40% of studied penguins synchronized underwater movements while foraging." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140813174225.htm (accessed April 20, 2015).

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