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Sheepdogs use simple rules to herd sheep

Date:
August 26, 2014
Source:
Natural Environment Research Council
Summary:
Sheepdogs use just two simple rules to round up large herds of sheep, scientists have discovered. The findings could lead to the development of robots that can gather and herd livestock, crowd control techniques, or new methods to clean up the environment.
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Sheepdog herding running sheep.
Credit: © Dennis Taylor / Fotolia

Sheepdogs use just two simple rules to round up large herds of sheep, scientists have discovered.

The findings could lead to the development of robots that can gather and herd livestock, crowd control techniques, or new methods to clean up the environment.

For the first time scientists used GPS technology to understand how sheepdogs do their jobs so well. Until now, they had no idea how the dogs manage to get so many unwilling sheep to move in the same direction.

NERC fellow, Dr Andrew King of Swansea University, fitted a flock of sheep and a sheepdog with backpacks containing extremely accurate GPS devices designed by colleagues at the Royal Veterinary College, London.

Daniel Strömbom of Uppsala University and colleagues then used data from these devices, together with computer simulations, to develop a mathematical shepherding model.

The team found that sheepdogs likely use just two simple rulesl: to collect the sheep when they're dispersed and drive them forward when they're aggregated. In the model, a single shepherd could herd a flock of more than 100 individuals using these two simple rules.

The research is published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.

'If you watch sheepdogs rounding up sheep, the dog weaves back and forth behind the flock in exactly the way that we see in the model,' says King.

'We had to think about what the dog could see to develop our model. It basically sees white, fluffy things in front of it. If the dog sees gaps between the sheep, or the gaps are getting bigger, the dog needs to bring them together,' he explains.

'At every time step in the model, the dog decides if the herd is cohesive enough or not. If not cohesive, it will make it cohesive, but if it's already cohesive the dog will push the herd towards the target,' says Strömbom.

'Other models don't appear to be able to herd really big groups -- as soon as the number of individuals gets above 50 you start needing multiple shepherds or sheepdogs,' he says.

'There are numerous applications for this knowledge, such as crowd control, cleaning up the environment, herding of livestock, keeping animals away from sensitive areas, and collecting or guiding groups of exploring robots,' says King.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Natural Environment Research Council. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. D. Strombom, R. P. Mann, A. M. Wilson, S. Hailes, A. J. Morton, D. J. T. Sumpter, A. J. King. Solving the shepherding problem: heuristics for herding autonomous, interacting agents. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 2014; 11 (100): 20140719 DOI: 10.1098/​rsif.2014.0719

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Natural Environment Research Council. "Sheepdogs use simple rules to herd sheep." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 August 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140826205519.htm>.
Natural Environment Research Council. (2014, August 26). Sheepdogs use simple rules to herd sheep. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 1, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140826205519.htm
Natural Environment Research Council. "Sheepdogs use simple rules to herd sheep." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140826205519.htm (accessed July 1, 2015).

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