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Organelle

In cell biology, an organelle is one of several structures with specialized functions, suspended in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell.

Eukaryotes are the most structurally complex known cell type, and by definition are in part organized by smaller interior compartments, that are themselves enclosed by lipid membranes that resemble the outermost cell membrane.

The larger organelles, such as the nucleus and vacuoles, are easily visible with moderate magnification (although sometimes a clear view requires the application of chemicals that selectively stain parts of the cells); they were among the first biological discoveries made after the invention of the microscope.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Organelle", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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August 1, 2015

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