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September 25, 2016

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September 25, 2016

Childhood Muscular Fitness and Adult Metabolic Syndrome

Sep. 24, 2016 — About 20-25 percent of adults have the metabolic syndrome and have increased risk of developing both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. In a new longitudinal study, investigators examined ... read more

Does Physical Activity Lower the Risk of Bacterial Infections?

Sep. 24, 2016 — The risk of viral infections is known to be affected by physical activity, but little information is available regarding the more serious infections caused by bacteria. In a new study, investigators ... read more

Sep. 23, 2016 — Our sun will eventually burn out and shroud itself with stellar debris, but not for another 5 billion ... read more

Engineers Create Room-Temperature Multiferroic Material

Sep. 23, 2016 — Multiferroics -- materials that exhibit both magnetic and electric order -- are of interest for next-generation computing but difficult to create because the conditions conducive to each of those ... read more

Science Can Shape Healthy City Planning

Sep. 23, 2016 — The health gains achieved if cities were designed so that shops, facilities, work and public transportation were within walking distance of most residents have now been quantified by researchers. In ... read more

Sep. 23, 2016 — An exotic 3-D racetrack for electrons in ultrathin slices of a crystal has been observed for the first time, by a group of researchers. The ultimate goal of this research is to approach the lossless ... read more

Sep. 23, 2016 — In the future, our health may be monitored and maintained by tiny sensors and drug dispensers, deployed within the body and made from graphene -- one of the strongest, lightest materials in the ... read more

Sep. 23, 2016 — For children with speech and language disorders, early-childhood intervention can make a great difference in their later academic and social success. But many such children -- one study estimates 60 ... read more

To Produce Biopharmaceuticals on Demand, Just Add Water

Sep. 23, 2016 — Researchers have created tiny freeze-dried pellets that include all of the molecular machinery needed to translate DNA into proteins, which could form the basis for on-demand production of drugs and ... read more

Vitamin B Levels During Pregnancy Linked to Eczema Risk in Child

Sep. 23, 2016 — Infants whose mothers had a higher level of a particular type of vitamin B during pregnancy have a lower risk of eczema at age 12 months, new research has shown. The study is the first to link ... read more

Sep. 23, 2016 — The effects of an intense storm every twenty-five years could make the marine alga populations of <em>Cystoseira zosteroides</em> disappear – an endemic species of the Mediterranean ... read more

Unique Molecular Atlas of Pancreas Produced

Sep. 23, 2016 — The first molecular map of the genes that are active in the various cells of the human pancreas has now been produced by researchers. They have also revealed differences in genetic activity between ... read more

New Hope in Fight Against Aggressive, Often Hard to Treat Brain Tumor

Sep. 23, 2016 — A potential way of stopping one of the most aggressive types of brain tumor from spreading has now been identified by researchers, which could lead the way to better patient survival. Glioblastoma is ... read more

Ouch! Avoiding Failure Leads to Missed Opportunities for Children With ADHD

Sep. 23, 2016 — Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are potentially more exposed to reproaches than typically developing children, explain researchers. A behavioral experiment on reward and ... read more

Al­tern­at­ive Ox­i­dase from a Mar­ine An­imal Works in Mam­mals, Com­bats Bac­terial Sepsis

Sep. 23, 2016 — Mitochondrial alternative oxidase from a sea-squirt works as a safety valve for stressed mitochondria. This property enables it to stop the runaway inflammatory process that leads to multiple organ ... read more

Sep. 23, 2016 — Sapoviruses are an emerging group of viruses of the group of caliciviruses and well known agents of gastric enteritis, but very little is currently known about their role in wildlife ecology or the ... read more

Sep. 23, 2016 — In the late summer of 2016, a field team monitored Caspian tern chicks through to fledging in Cape Krusenstern National Monument in Alaska. This discovery of Caspian terns breeding above the Arctic ... read more

Precision Medicine Trial First of Its Kind to Show Benefit to Patients

Sep. 23, 2016 — A clinical trial for types of advanced cancer is the first of its kind to show that precision medicine – or tailoring treatment for individual people – can slow down the time it takes for a tumor ... read more

Specific Trauma Experiences Contribute to Women's Alcohol Use, Differs by Race

Sep. 22, 2016 — Trauma exposure has consistently been reported as a risk factor for alcohol use and related problems. Further, racial differences in alcohol use, alcohol use disorder (AUD), and trauma exposure ... read more

Older Adults With Long-Term Alcohol Dependence Lose Neurocognitive Abilities

Sep. 22, 2016 — Heavy drinking can lead to neurophysiological and cognitive changes ranging from disrupted sleep to more serious neurotoxic effects. Aging can also contribute to cognitive decline. Several studies on ... read more

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