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Sleep Restriction Affects Children's Speech

Date:
June 13, 2007
Source:
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Summary:
Sleep restriction can alter children's initial stages of speech perception, which could contribute to disruptions in cognitive and linguistic functioning -- skills necessary for reading and language development and comprehension.
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Research examining the impact of sleep in school-age children suggests that even mild sleep loss produces marked deficits in their cognitive development and functioning. Sleep restriction can alter children's initial stages of speech perception, which could contribute to disruptions in cognitive and linguistic functioning -- skills necessary for reading and language development and comprehension, according to recent research.

Rachel Waford, of the University of Louisville, who authored the study, recorded event-related potentials, as a measure of neurocognitive development, from 32 children six-to-seven years of age while they listened to the following computer-generated speech syllables: /ba/, /da/ and /ga/.

The results showed that those children not getting an adequate amount of sleep were more likely to phonetically code incorrectly different speech sounds.

"Our research has shown that even minor sleep loss of one hour less per night for seven nights contributes to disruptions in neurocognitive functioning," said Waford. "The early school years are crucial windows that determine future learning. Therefore, it is imperative that children in this age range are well-rested to prepare for the demands of the school day."

Experts recommend that children in pre-school sleep between 11-13 hours a night, and school-aged children between 10-11 hours of sleep a night.

Your child should follow these steps to get a good night's sleep:

  • Follow a consistent bedtime routine.
  • Establish a relaxing setting at bedtime.
  • Get a full night's sleep every night.
  • Avoid foods or drinks that contain caffeine, as well as any medicine that has a stimulant, prior to bedtime.
  • Do not go to bed hungry, but don't eat a big meal before bedtime either.
  • The bedroom should be quiet, dark and a little bit cool.
  • Get up at the same time every morning.

An abstract of this research was presented June 12 at SLEEP 2007, the 21st Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies.


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American Academy of Sleep Medicine. "Sleep Restriction Affects Children's Speech." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 June 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070612075026.htm>.
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2007, June 13). Sleep Restriction Affects Children's Speech. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 26, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070612075026.htm
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. "Sleep Restriction Affects Children's Speech." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070612075026.htm (accessed May 26, 2017).

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