Pregnancy and Childbirth News
July 26, 2016

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July 26, 2016

Trends in Late Preterm, Early Term Birth Rates and Association With Clinician-Initiated Obstetric Interventions

July 26, 2016 — Between 2006 and 2014, late preterm and early term birth rates decreased in the United States and an association was observed between early term birth rates and decreasing clinician-initiated ... read more

'Gestational Sleep Apnea': Wake Up to a New Diagnosis

July 26, 2016 — Approximately one quarter of pregnant women may suffer from Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), the recurrent cessation or limitation of normal breathing during sleep, new research suggests. In addition ... read more

For Whom the Births (and Worms) Toll

July 22, 2016 — Studies of Bolivian forager-farmers shed light on costs of high birthrates, effects of pathogens on ... read more

HIV Therapy for Breastfeeding Mothers Can Virtually Eliminate Transmission to Babies

July 18, 2016 — For HIV-infected mothers whose immune system is in good health, taking a three-drug antiretroviral regimen during breastfeeding essentially eliminates HIV transmission by breast milk to their ... read more

The Benefits of Exercise During Pregnancy

July 7, 2016 — Women who exercise during pregnancy are more likely to deliver vaginally than those who do not, and show no greater risk of preterm birth, research ... read more

Nicotine Exposure During Pregnancy Nearly Twice as High as Reported

July 7, 2016 — More women may be smoking and exposed to nicotine during pregnancy than previously thought, according to research. The study reveals a significant gap between the number of local, pregnant mothers ... read more

Butylparaben Can Have Several Endocrine Disrupting Effects

July 7, 2016 — Research suggests that butylparaben – which is used in cosmetics and skin care products such as sunscreen – have more endocrine disrupting effects than previously thought. Researchers have ... read more

Young and Well Educated Men in Demand as Sperm Donors in Global Life Market

July 7, 2016 — With commercial sperm banking giving women more opportunities to become mothers, a new study has found the age and education of sperm donors are the most important characteristics ... read more

Benefits from Freeze-All Embryo Strategy in Older IVF Patients

July 6, 2016 — Conventional IVF protocols involve the transfer of a fresh embryo to the uterus during the same cycle in which the eggs were collected and freezing extra embryos for future use. A novel approach to ... read more

Maternal Vaccination Against Influenza Associated With Protection for Infants

July 5, 2016 — How long does the protection from a mother's immunization against influenza during pregnancy last for infants after they are born? A new study indicates that the vaccine's efficacy against ... read more

A Short Period of Bed Rest After Intrauterine Insemination Makes No Difference to Pregnancy Rates

July 5, 2016 — Despite the positive results of small studies and a widely held belief in its benefit, the practice of keeping female patients immobilized after intrauterine insemination has no beneficial effect on ... read more

Mitochondrial DNA Levels as a Marker of Embryo Viability in IVF

July 4, 2016 — Despite the claims and counter-claims for new embryo assessment techniques introduced over the past two decades, the search for the holy grail of assisted reproduction -- the key to the embryo ... read more

Still No Strong Evidence That Adjunctive Treatment With Human Growth Hormone in IVF Improves Results

July 4, 2016 — Despite its occasional use as an adjunct in IVF, human growth hormone appears of little benefit to women having difficulty conceiving. Indeed, in an Australian/New Zealand collaborative ... read more

How Lifestyle Intervention for Weight Loss Affects Birth Rates in Women With a High BMI

July 4, 2016 — Women who are overweight or obese pose an ongoing challenge for the fertility clinic. Many studies show that these patients are at increased risk of infertility and are less likely than normal-weight ... read more

Three in Four Women Starting Fertility Treatment Will Have a Baby Within Five Years

July 4, 2016 — Three in four women starting fertility treatment will have a baby within five years, whether as a result of the treatment or following natural conception. The figures emerged from a large cohort ... read more

Endometrial Scratch Appears Beneficial in Couples Trying to Conceive

July 4, 2016 — There is a much disputed claim that 'injury' to the lining of the uterus -- whether inadvertent or deliberate -- increases the chance of embryo implantation and thus the chance of pregnancy ... read more

Survey of 15,000 Women and Men Reveals Scale of Infertility

June 30, 2016 — One in eight women and one in ten men have experienced infertility, yet nearly half of them have not sought medical help, according to a study of more than 15,000 women and men in ... read more

New Effort Uses Implementation Science to Reduce Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission

June 30, 2016 — An emerging field, known as implementation science, may help reduce the nearly 150,000 instances of mother-to-child HIV transmissions that occur annually around the world, mostly in developing ... read more

Smartphone Apps Not So Smart at Helping Users Avoid or Achieve Pregnancy

June 30, 2016 — You might not want to depend on your smartphone app alone to help you avoid or achieve pregnancy, say the authors of a new study. A review of nearly 100 fertility awareness apps finds that most ... read more

June 29, 2016 — Zika virus has been detected in the brain tissue of a deceased two-month-old baby in Brazil who was diagnosed with microcephaly, in the brain tissue of two newborns who died shortly after birth, and ... read more

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