Science News
from research organizations

Researchers Track Influence Of Cancer Inhibitor On Single DNA Molecule

Date:
June 26, 2007
Source:
Delft University of Technology
Summary:
Researchers have cast new light on the workings of the important cancer inhibitor topotecan. Little had been known about the underlying molecular mechanism, but the scientists can now view the effects of the medicine live at the levelin of a single DNA molecule.
Share:
FULL STORY

A TopoisomeraseIB protein (green) is hindered in unwinding DNA loops by the cancer inhibitor topotecan (red). The DNA polymerase protein (grey), a protein which duplicates DNA, is hindered by the DNA loops.
Credit: TU Delft/Tremani

Researchers in Delft University of Technology's Kavli Institute of Nanoscience in The Netherlands have cast new light on the workings of the important cancer inhibitor topotecan. Little had been known about the underlying molecular mechanism, but the Delft scientists can now view the effects of the medicine live at the levelin of a single DNA molecule. 

The medicine investigated, topotecan, interacts with an important protein (TopoIB), causing a (cancer) cell to malfunction. The TopoIB protein is responsible for the removal of loops from DNA, which arise amongst other things during cell division. The TopoIB protein binds to the DNA molecule, clamps around it and cuts one of the two DNA strands, after which it allows it to unwind and finally joins the broken ends together.

Until now it has been supposed that topotecan only causes the TopoIB protein to reside longer than normal on the DNA molecule, disturbing the cell division and damaging the (cancer) cell. But the Delft researchers have now discovered to their surprise that adding topotecan also dramatically impedes the unwinding and that DNA loops accumulate as a result. The accumulation of these DNA loops forms the basis for an alternative mechanism, and could help in the development of better cancer medicine.

PhD candidate Daniel Koster, Master's student Elisa Bot and researcher Nynke Dekker of the Molecular Biophysics group of the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience Delft have managed to unravel this mechanism in an extremely direct manner. In the laboratory they fixed a single DNA molecule between a glass plate and a magnetic sphere. With the help of two magnets they could both pull and twist the DNA molecule.

When they added TopoIB to a twisted piece of DNA, they saw that the loops were slowly removed. What is exceptional is that the action of one TopoIB enzyme on one DNA molecule could be observed live. In collaboration with St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Memphis (USA) the mechanism could also be observed in living yeast cells.

The research is being published  in the journal Nature (in advance of print on June 24). The lead author of the article, Daniel Koster, will receive his PhD at TU Delft partly on the results described in the article. The research is supported by the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Delft University of Technology. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Cite This Page:

Delft University of Technology. "Researchers Track Influence Of Cancer Inhibitor On Single DNA Molecule." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 June 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070625090601.htm>.
Delft University of Technology. (2007, June 26). Researchers Track Influence Of Cancer Inhibitor On Single DNA Molecule. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070625090601.htm
Delft University of Technology. "Researchers Track Influence Of Cancer Inhibitor On Single DNA Molecule." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070625090601.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

RELATED STORIES