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Genes News
October 23, 2016

Latest Headlines
updated 12:01pm EDT

More Genes News
October 23, 2016

Measuring the Forces of Biology

Oct. 21, 2016 — Biology, at the nitty-gritty level of motor proteins, DNA, and microtubules, takes its cue from physics. But while much is known about the biological components that form such cellular stuctures, ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — There are many disadvantages to using human cells in the initial stages of creating a new therapy. Scientists often have to test a large number of compounds in order to find one that is effective ... read more

Toxic Peptides Disrupt Membrane-Less Organelles in Neurodegenerative Disease

Oct. 20, 2016 — Scientists reveal how toxic peptides that arise due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia target the integrity of membrane-less organelles and trigger ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — One day before ovulation, human oocytes begin to divide into what will become mature eggs. Ideally, eggs are packaged with a complete set of 23 chromosomes, but the process is prone to error, ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — Although only 10 percent of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases are hereditary, a significant number of them are caused by mutations that affect proteins that bind RNA, a type of genetic ... read more

Do Microbes Control Our Mood?

Oct. 20, 2016 — Our intestine hosts a complex ecosystem of bacteria; we call it the gut microbiota, which includes at least 1000 difference species. We get most of our gut microbes soon after birth, although there ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — Eukaryotic cells, including human cells, form paired condensed chromosomes before cell division. The paired chromosomes are then equally divided into the daughter cells. Prokaryotic cells, including ... read more

Oct. 19, 2016 — Maintaining the ends of chromosomes, called telomeres, allows cells to continuously divide and achieve immortality. In a new study, researchers have developed a first-of-its- kind system to observe ... read more

Single Gene Linked to Some Cases of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Oct. 19, 2016 — Scientists have linked mutations in a single gene to autism in people who have a rare tumor syndrome typically diagnosed in childhood. The findings, in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), ... read more

Gene Deletion Points Way to Flu Treatment

Oct. 19, 2016 — Researchers kept mice from getting the flu by removing a gene that regulates their immune system. According to the study, mice missing the gene Trim29 eliminated human influenza virus within 48 ... read more

Oct. 18, 2016 — Biomedical engineers have harvested genes for ion channels from bacteria that, with a few tweaks, can create and enhance electrical signaling in human cells, making the cells more electrically ... read more

Oct. 18, 2016 — Direct microbial sequencing of environmental samples, such as from ocean water, hospital surfaces, and the human gut, have illuminated the vast number of microbes present in our world. However, a ... read more

Vulnerabilities of Leukemia Cells Revealed Using Genome Editing Technique

Oct. 18, 2016 — Researchers have adapted a CRISPR gene editing technique and used it to find new therapeutic targets for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). In new research, the team identify a large number of genes that ... read more

Oct. 18, 2016 — Mutations in a gene linked with brain development may dispose people to multiple forms of psychiatric disease by changing the way brain cells communicate, new research has ... read more

Insight Into Sleep's Role in Schizophrenia Offers Potential Treatment Path

Oct. 18, 2016 — A sleep abnormality likely plays an important role in schizophrenia, according to sleep experts. In a review of the growing body of evidence linking a reduction in sleep spindle activity to ... read more

Oncoproteins Interact to Promote Cancer Cell Growth in Retinoblastoma

Oct. 17, 2016 — An unsuspected and critical role of the MDM2 oncogene has been uncovered in promoting expression of the MYCN oncogene that is required for growth and survival of retinoblastoma ... read more

In Crafting New Treatments for Hemophilia, a 'Less Is More' Approach

Oct. 17, 2016 — Hematology researchers have found that blocking the role of a common protein may offer unexpected benefits for patients with the inherited bleeding disorder hemophilia A. The finding offers potential ... read more

Human Sex Reversal as a Protein Numbers Game

Oct. 17, 2016 — A group of researchers has completed a comprehensive molecular analysis of a toddler who developed as a female despite having a male genetic background, termed XY sex reversal. The study identifies ... read more

Oct. 17, 2016 — Pathogenic bacteria use small RNA molecules to adapt to their environment. Infection researchers have now pinpointed a protein involved in regulating the activity of these ... read more

Oct. 17, 2016 — In the development of obesity and diabetes, signals from the brain play an important role. Here an important neurotransmitter is dopamine. Scientists have investigated how mutations in the obesity ... read more

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