Scientists have provided the first large-scale study of proteins inside human cells called Jurkat T cells. The study could provide a better understanding of how proteins inside a specific type of cell work together and may pave the way for future detailed studies of how proteins work in other types of cells.
Past studies have been performed in model organisms such as yeast and different organelles from mice, but no comprehensive analysis of a single type of human cell has been carried out to date. David K. Han and colleagues report a survey of proteins present in Jurkat T cells, which are derived from human T-cell leukemia and is one of the popular types of cells used to study how proteins work inside cells in general.
The scientists identified over 6,400 proteins in a Jurkat T cell and localized them in various parts of the cell. This information will help to understand how proteins move and interact with one another inside the cell and how they perform various cellular functions. The study is also a proof-of-principle that a large-scale study of approximately half of the expressed proteins in a single human cell type is now possible, although more studies will be needed to investigate less abundant proteins and how proteins interact with one another.
Article: "Global survey of human T leukemic cells by integrating proteomic and transcriptomic profiling," by Linfeng Wu, Sun-Il Hwang, Karim Rezaul, Long J. Lu, Viveka Mayya, Mark Gerstein, Jimmy K. Eng, Deborah H. Lundgren, and David K. Han
Materials provided by American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
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