Cell Biology News
September 25, 2016

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September 25, 2016

Sep. 23, 2016 — In the female dog, cells of the uterus can accumulate lipid droplets to form so-called foamy epithelial cells during late metoestrus. These cells produce a hormone that is involved in the ... read more

Fish Oil May Help Improve Mood in Veterans

Sep. 22, 2016 — Low concentration of fish oil in the blood and lack of physical activity may contribute to the high levels of depressed mood among soldiers returning from combat, according to ... read more

Researchers Describe Key Protein Structure and a Drug Prototype That Could Assist Therapeutic Development

Sep. 21, 2016 — The three-dimensional, atomic structure of an important cell receptor molecule linked to the development of several diseases has now been described in a new ... read more

Feeding a Mars Mission: The Challenges of Growing Plants in Space

Sep. 21, 2016 — Plants will play a critical role in the survival of human beings on long-duration space missions, such as a mission to Mars.  However, as a new paper shows, many challenges need to be addressed if ... read more

New Insights Into 'Plant Memories'

Sep. 21, 2016 — A special stretch of ribonucleic acid (RNA) called COOLAIR is revealing its inner structure and function to scientists, displaying a striking resemblance to an RNA molecular machine, territory ... read more

Sep. 21, 2016 — A mathematician may have discovered a key to understanding the constantly changing distribution of microbial species in the world’s oceans—classify microorganisms by their biochemical function, ... read more

A Protein in Mosquito Spit Can Keep Dengue Virus in Check

Sep. 20, 2016 — Mosquito saliva influences transmission of viruses to a bitten mammalian host. For example, it contains factors that dampen the host immune response and so facilitate infection. A study reports on a ... read more

Sep. 20, 2016 — For plants and algae that carry on photosynthesis, light can be too much of a good thing. On a bright, sunny day, a plant might only be able to utilize 20 percent or less of absorbed sunlight. The ... read more

Sep. 20, 2016 — A new water bear protein can protect the DNA of human cultured cells from otherwise lethal amounts of radiation damage, say a group of researchers, providing part of the answer to why tardigrades can ... read more

Scientists Discover Interplay of Yin-Yang Antagonists Vital for Cell Division

Sep. 20, 2016 — A pair of large enzyme complexes attack each other in turn to form a molecular switch, which is essential for cell division, a new study has ... read more

Listening to the Body: Study Examines the Effects of Fasting on Infections

Sep. 20, 2016 — When people get sick with viral or bacterial infections, they often lose their appetite or avoid certain foods. According to a new study, such sickness-related food preferences may correlate with the ... read more

Sep. 20, 2016 — A breakthrough has been made in investigating salt tolerance in plants which could lead to new salt tolerant varieties of crops, and also answer unresolved questions in plant ... read more

Sep. 19, 2016 — Plants have specialized immune receptor proteins on the surface of their cells, which detect specific molecular patterns, or ligands, on harmful bacteria. New research now reveals that these immune ... read more

How a Bacterial Virulence Factor Promotes Its Own Secretion

Sep. 18, 2016 — Many bacteria depend on their ability to attach, or adhere, to our cells for the ability to cause disease. When their survival means disease for us, we often turn to antibiotics, but his miracle ... read more

Scientists Enhance Ability of Antibiotics to Defeat Resistant Types of Bacteria Using Molecules Called PPMOs

Sep. 17, 2016 — Researchers have developed a strategy to overcome a key defense that drug-resistant bacteria use to fend off antibiotic attack. Antibiotic resistance has become a major public health problem; the ... read more

For Ants, 'Elite' Individuals Are Not Always So Effective

Sep. 16, 2016 — We all know that social insects, such as ants, often work together to achieve effective responses to environmental challenges. However, new research has now uncovered that the contributions of ... read more

Genes Essential to Life Found in Mouse Mutants Are Related to Many Human Disease Genes

Sep. 16, 2016 — Mutant traits have, for the first time, been identified in the mouse for 52 human disease genes. This significantly contributes to the understanding of the genetic bases for some human ... read more

Sep. 16, 2016 — About one-third of 1751 genes studied in the first comprehensive survey of the mouse genome are essential to life, according to new research. Mutations of these genes cause death at the embryo stage. ... read more

Sep. 16, 2016 — New research on grasshoppers and bullfrogs offers a conclusion about jumping: When an animal has less time to store energy for a jump, it needs a less stiff tendon than one that can take its ... read more

Sep. 16, 2016 — Millions of years ago, the ancestor of modern rattlesnakes was endowed with a genetic arsenal of toxic weaponry. But in a relatively short period of evolutionary time, different types of snakes kept ... read more

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