Cell Biology News
August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — A definitive link between the makeup of the microbiome, the host immune response, and an organism’s ability to heal itself has been confirmed by ... read more

Could the Paleo Diet Benefit Heart Health?

Aug. 26, 2016 — Findings from a small study suggest that people who followed the Paleo diet for only eight weeks experienced positive effects on heart ... read more

Probing How CRISPR-Cas9 Works

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study reveals important new details about the inner workings of the CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells that may have implications for the development of therapeutics that use the powerful gene ... read more

Mechanical Force Triggers Gene Expression by Stretching Chromatin

Aug. 26, 2016 — How genes in our DNA are expressed into traits within a cell is a complicated mystery with many players, the main suspects being chemical. However, a new study has demonstrated that external ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — A research team has succeeded in developing 'Target-AID', a genome editing technique that does not cleave the DNA. The technique offers, through high-level editing operation, a method to ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — The gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) is a medically important tool in cancer therapies. GALV is a retrovirus pathogenic to its host species, the southeast Asian lar gibbon (Hylobates lar) and thought ... read more

Solving a 48 Year Old Mystery: Scientists Grow Noroviruses in Human Intestinal Cell Cultures

Aug. 25, 2016 — For the first time, scientists have grown human noroviruses, the leading viral cause of acute diarrhea worldwide, in human intestinal cell cultures in the ... read more

Newly Discovered 'Multicomponent' Virus Can Infect Animals

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists have identified a new 'multicomponent' virus --one containing different segments of genetic material in separate particles -- that can infect animals. This new pathogen was ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — A multidisciplinary team of researchers has improved our understanding of how cannabinoids, the active agent in marijuana, affect vision in ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — The process of energy generation by mitochondria is closely tied to intracellular calcium regulation by a membrane gateway inside mitochondria known as the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). How MCU ... read more

How Lyme Disease Bacteria Spread Through the Body

Aug. 25, 2016 — Researchers have developed a live-cell-imaging-based system that provides insights into how Lyme disease bacteria latch onto and move along the inside surface of blood vessels to reach key ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — A study evaluated the influence of nitrogen fertility levels on biomass and concentrations of nutritionally important carotenoid and chlorophyll pigments in purslane. Two purslane cultivars were ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Lobsters eat jellyfish without harm from the venomous stingers due to a series of physical adaptations. Researchers examined lobster feces to discover that lobsters surround their servings of ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — If two species are mutualists -- that is, each benefits from the activity of the other -- the Red King Theory predicts that they should evolve at a slower rate, so as to avoid interrupting their ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Nature abounds with examples of mutualistic relationships. Think of bees pollinating flowers whose nectar nourishes the bees. Each species benefits the other, and together their chances of survival ... read more

Scientists Uncover the Way a Common Cell Enzyme Alerts the Body to Invading Bacteria

Aug. 24, 2016 — Biomedical investigators have identified an enzyme found in all human cells that alerts the body to invading bacteria and jump-starts the immune system. In their study, the investigators provide ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Plants are adapting to increasing atmospheric CO2 according to a new study.The research provides insight into the long-term impacts of rising CO2 and the implications for global food security and ... read more

New Small Molecule Compounds Could Treat Ebola Virus Infection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. The compounds could potentially be ... read more

A Brain Circuit to Push Past Nutritional Stress

Aug. 24, 2016 — Nutritional stress is a normal part of life; going hungry on a short-term basis generally does not impair important functions. The brain coordinates the response to nutritional stress but how it does ... read more

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