Sexual offending treatment programs do not rehabilitate criminals before they are released from prison, warns an expert in The BMJ.
The UK has experienced a number of high profile sexual offending cases that has led to more disclosures and probably more prosecutions.
In prisons and secure psychiatric hospitals, sexual offenders are offered the Sexual Offender Treatment Programme (SOTP), a psychological talking therapy rolled out across England and Wales since 1991.
Group discussions focus on triggers, thinking styles, impact on victims, emotional management and intimacy skills. Completion of eighty six sessions can contribute to early release from prison.
But the treatment program has not been shown to work effectively, says David Ho, a Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist and Clinical Research Lead at the SEPT Secure Mental Health Services, South Essex Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust.
"No evidence from academic or policy research has shown that the treatment program significantly reduces sexual reoffending," writes Ho. "Victims and the public deserve to know this."
The majority of offenders released back into society still pose the same level of risk as they did before the treatment program, and this fails victims and the public, he argues.
"Professional pride or political embarrassment cannot justify persisting with a program that leaves the public at risk of further sex offending," he adds.
He calls on doctors to take responsibility for the treatment of sexual offenders, as many types of sexual offending includes paraphilias, are considered mental disorders.
Rehabilitation could involve mandatory detention in mental health hospitals under the Mental Health Act 1983 and only proven treatments should be used to rehabilitate offenders effectively, he argues. Treatments must be supported through robust research to demonstrate efficacy, which the current treatment program clearly lacks, he adds.
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