Disorders and Syndromes News
September 1, 2016

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
September 1, 2016

High Rates of Suicide and Self-Harm Among Transgender Youth

Aug. 31, 2016 — In a new study, 30 percent of transgender youth report a history of at least one suicide attempt, and nearly 42 percent report a history of self-injury, such as cutting. The study also discovered a ... read more

Dopamine: Far More Than Just the 'Happy Hormone'

Aug. 31, 2016 — Dopamine is a so-called messenger substance or neurotransmitter that conveys signals between neurons. It not only controls mental and emotional responses but also motor reactions. Dopamine is ... read more

Caffeine and Its Analogues Counteract Memory Deficits by Normalizing Stress Responses in the Brain

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study describes the mechanism by which caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals. The study shows that the abnormal expression of a particular receptor -- adenosine A2A, a ... read more

Antipsychotic Medications Linked to Increased Risk of Pneumonia in Persons With Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 30, 2016 — Antipsychotic medications are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to new research. The risk of pneumonia was the highest at the ... read more

New iPad Game Could Help Diagnose Autism in Children

Aug. 30, 2016 — Autism could be diagnosed by allowing children to play games on smart phones and tablets, a study has found. Researchers used fun iPad games to track players’ hand movements – gathering ... read more

People With Alcohol Dependency Lack Important Enzyme

Aug. 30, 2016 — A research group has identified an enzyme whose production is turned off in nerve cells of the frontal lobe when alcohol dependence develops. The deficiency in this enzyme leads to continued use of ... read more

Critical Protein Shows Promise for the Treatment of Alzheimer's

Aug. 30, 2016 — In new research, researchers examine p62 -- a critical protein associated with tell-tale symptoms of Alzheimer's. The study demonstrates for the first time that p62 may have a role in reversing ... read more

Progress in Refining the Genetic Causes of Schizophrenia

Aug. 29, 2016 — An international study has made advances in understanding the ways in which genetic risk factors alter gene function in schizophrenia. The study combined genetic sequence information with measures of ... read more

Use It or Lose It: Stopping Exercise Decreases Brain Blood Flow

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers examined cerebral blood flow in master athletes (ages 50-80 years) before and after a 10-day period during which they stopped all exercise. Using MRI brain imaging techniques, they found ... read more

Majority of Older Adults in Jail Have Distressing Health Symptoms

Aug. 29, 2016 — According to the study, of the older inmates, 49 percent said they experience poor or fair health, 20 percent have chronic lung disease, and 54 percent have trouble performing daily activities such ... read more

Alzheimer's: Nicotinic Receptors as a New Therapeutic Target

Aug. 29, 2016 — Studies have indicated that nicotine may be beneficial for memory function. Scientists are set out to shed further light on the properties attributed to nicotine by determining the precise structure ... read more

Single Gene Mutation Causes Severely Debilitating Disease of Brain Blood Vessels

Aug. 29, 2016 — The cause of a disease that targets blood vessels in the brain -- leading to multiple debilitating symptoms and, often, to early death -- has been tracked to a single mutated gene, opening up the ... read more

Many Adults Who Screen Positive for Depression Don't Receive Treatment

Aug. 29, 2016 — A new study suggests gaps exist in the treatment of depression with many individuals who screen positive for the mental health disorder not receiving treatment, according to a new ... read more

Patients With Moderate to Severe TBI Twice as Likely to Die from an Unintentional Injury

Aug. 29, 2016 — Research examining adults with moderate to severe TBI who participated in rehabilitation showed that they were twice as likely to die from an unintentional injury that occurred following their TBI. ... read more

Parkinson's Study Could Pave Way for Early Detection Test

Aug. 29, 2016 — A test that can detect Parkinson's disease in the early stages of the illness has moved a step ... read more

New Oral Anticoagulants Provide Same Stroke Prevention as Warfarin but Cause Less Bleeding

Aug. 27, 2016 — The new oral anticoagulants provide the same stroke prevention as warfarin but cause less intracranial bleeding, reports an observational study in more than 43,000 ... read more

Alcohol-Related Hospitalization Associated With Doubled Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

Aug. 27, 2016 — Alcohol-related hospitalization is associated with a doubled risk of ischemic stroke risk in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, according to a new study. The observational study was ... read more

Smartphone Detects Atrial Fibrillation With Existing Hardware

Aug. 27, 2016 — Smartphones can be used to detect atrial fibrillation with existing hardware, according to new research. A low-cost application has been developed that uses the phone's own accelerometer and ... read more

Impulsivity Levels Help Identify at-Risk Offspring of Alcoholics

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. For this ... read more

Sertraline, Brand Named Zoloft, Improves Functioning in Young Children With Fragile X

Aug. 26, 2016 — Treatment with sertraline may provide nominal but important improvements in cognition and social participation in very young children with fragile X syndrome, the most common genetic cause of ... read more

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