Disorders and Syndromes News
April 27, 2017

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
April 27, 2017

Nose2Brain: Better Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

Apr. 27, 2017 — Medically active substances are normally distributed via the blood -- either directly by injection into the bloodstream or indirectly, for example through the digestive tract after oral ... read more

National Mental-Health Survey Finds Widespread Ignorance, Stigma

Apr. 27, 2017 — Less than half of Americans can recognize anxiety. Most people don't know what to do about depression even when they spot it. And nearly 8 in 10 don't recognize prescription drug abuse as a ... read more

How Shifts in Excitation-Inhibition Balance May Lead to Psychiatric Disorders

Apr. 27, 2017 — Seven reviews highlight advancements in understanding the balance of excitatory and inhibitory signaling in the brain, and what might happen when it goes ... read more

Exploring Personalized Pharmacotherapy to Treat Panic Attacks

Apr. 26, 2017 — Although drug therapy is the accepted first-line treatment for panic disorders (PDs), 17% to 64% of patients do not respond adequately and continue to exhibit one of the most common symptoms of PD, ... read more

A Pilot Study of Deep Brain Stimulation in Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia

Apr. 25, 2017 — Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proven its effectiveness in different types of psychiatric disorders, neuropathic pain and neurodegenerative diseases. Schizophrenia remains one of the leading causes ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — A new study has shed light on how the brain helps us to predict what is coming next in speech. Their research reveals how individual neurons coordinate with neural populations to anticipate events, a ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Fluctuations in estrogen triggered atypical functioning in a key brain memory circuit in women with a common version of a gene. Brain scans revealed altered circuit activity linked to changes in the ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — The first molecular genetic evidence that genetic influences play a role in the risk of getting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after trauma has been gained by a new ... read more

Chemotherapy Drug May Increase Vulnerability to Depression

Apr. 25, 2017 — A chemotherapy drug used to treat brain cancer may increase vulnerability to depression by stopping new brain cells from growing, according to a new ... read more

Mental Illness Does Not Affect Bariatric Surgery Weight Loss Results

Apr. 25, 2017 — A new study compares bariatric surgery outcomes according to preoperative mental illness. Results indicates that the state of mental illness does not affect weight loss ... read more

Parents' Use of Emotional Feeding Increases Emotional Eating in School-Age Children

Apr. 25, 2017 — Emotional eating is not uncommon in children and adolescents, but why youth eat emotionally has been unclear. Now a new longitudinal study from Norway has found that school-age children whose parents ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — A method for predicting someone's 'brain age' based on MRI scans could help to spot who might be at increased risk of poor health and even dying at a younger ... read more

Low Levels of 'Memory Protein' Linked to Cognitive Decline in Alzheimer's Disease

Apr. 25, 2017 — This discovery may lead to important research and may one day help experts develop new and better therapies for Alzheimer's and other forms of cognitive ... read more

Skin Stem Cells Used to Generate New Brain Cells

Apr. 25, 2017 — Using human skin cells, neurobiologists have created a method to generate one of the principle cell types of the brain called microglia, which play a key role in preserving the function of neural ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — The amygdala has distinct neurons that judge the intensity and ambiguity of facial expressions, new research shows. Identifying the amygdala's role in social cognition suggests insights into the ... read more

Young Adults With Uncomplicated Epilepsy Fare as Well as Their Siblings

Apr. 24, 2017 — A 15-year follow-up study of young adults with epilepsy found that those with uncomplicated epilepsy who were seizure-free for five years or more did as well as their siblings without epilepsy in ... read more

'Alarmingly High' Risk of Death for People With Opioid Use Disorder in General Medical Care

Apr. 24, 2017 — Almost one-fifth of patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) in a large healthcare system died during a four-year follow-up period, reports a new ... read more

Inflammatory Pathways Link to Obsessive Behaviors in a Common Form of Dementia

Apr. 24, 2017 — Mutations in a protein commonly linked to frontotemporal dementia (FTD) result in obsessive-like behaviors, researchers show. They linked these behaviors to immune pathways, implicating that ... read more

Orange Essential Oil May Help Alleviate Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Apr. 24, 2017 — PTSD will affect about 8 percent of people during their lives. A new study suggests that passively inhaling orange essential oil could offer a nonpharmaceutical option to relieve ... read more

Brain's Power to Adapt Offers Short-Term Gains, Long-Term Strains

Apr. 24, 2017 — Like air-traffic controllers scrambling to reconnect flights when a major hub goes down, the brain has a remarkable ability to rewire itself after suffering an injury. However, maintaining these new ... read more

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