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Disorders and Syndromes News
February 20, 2017

Latest Headlines
updated 1:34am EST

More Disorders and Syndromes News
February 20, 2017

B Vitamins Reduce Schizophrenia Symptoms, Study Finds

Feb. 16, 2017 — A review of worldwide studies has found that add-on treatment with high-dose B vitamins -- including B6, B8 and B12 -- can significantly reduce symptoms of schizophrenia more than standard treatments ... read more

Complex Neurological Infections Require Team Care

Feb. 16, 2017 — A multidisciplinary approach is important for diagnosis and treatment of healthcare-associated ventriculitis and meningitis, suggest new guidelines. These complex brain and spinal infections can be ... read more

Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy Exceeding Ten Years May Protect from Dementia

Feb. 16, 2017 — Postmenopausal estrogen-based hormone therapy lasting longer than ten years was associated with a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease in a large study. The study explored the association ... read more

Feb. 15, 2017 — New clues to the link between Nodding syndrome, a devastating form of pediatric epilepsy found in specific areas of east Africa, and a parasitic worm that can cause river blindness have now been ... read more

Feb. 15, 2017 — Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in infants with older siblings with autism, researchers from around the country were able to correctly predict 80 percent of those infants who would later meet ... read more

Mental Shortcuts: Many Physicians Choose Insomnia Meds Based on Habit

Feb. 15, 2017 — Clinical decision-making and treatment choice is a complex cognitive process influenced by multiple variables, report ... read more

Depression Symptoms Among Men When Their Partners Are Pregnant

Feb. 15, 2017 — Men who were stressed or in poor health had elevated depression symptoms when their partners were pregnant and nine months after the birth of their child, according to the results of a study of ... read more

How Depression Can Muddle Thinking

Feb. 15, 2017 — Depression is associated with sadness, fatigue and a lack of motivation. But people with depression can also have trouble processing information and solving problems. Now scientists studying a rat ... read more

Neurotrophic Factor GDNF Is an Important Regulator of Dopamine Neurons in the Brain

Feb. 15, 2017 — New research results are expanding our understanding of the physiological role of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor GDNF in the function of the brain's dopamine systems. In a new ... read more

New Guideline Provides Clinical Recommendations for Specific Insomnia Drugs

Feb. 15, 2017 — A new clinical practice guideline is the first from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine to provide comprehensive, evidence-based analyses of individual agents commonly used in the treatment of ... read more

New Understandings of Cell Death Show Promise for Preventing Alzheimer’s

Feb. 14, 2017 — Currently, the predominant theory behind Alzheimer’s disease is the “amyloid hypothesis,” which states that abnormally increased levels of amyloid beta (A?) peptides outside of brain cells ... read more

Imbalance of Calcium in a Cell's Energy Factory May Drive Alzheimer's Disease

Feb. 14, 2017 — Calcium in the mitochondria -- the energy factory of cells -- may be one of the keys to understanding and treating Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Researchers have now identified how an ... read more

Feb. 14, 2017 — Scientists have created synthetic brain systems called 'circuitoids' to better understand dysfunctional movements in Parkinson's, ALS and other ... read more

Melatonin Content of Supplements Varies Widely, Study Finds

Feb. 14, 2017 — The melatonin content of dietary supplements often varies widely from what is listed on the label, a new study has found. Melatonin is a natural hormone that helps regulate the daily cycle of sleep ... read more

Youth Flag Football May Not Be Safer Than Tackle Football

Feb. 14, 2017 — The results of a study of injury rates in youth football leagues did not show that flag football is safer than tackle football, new research concludes. The study finds Injury is more likely to occur ... read more

Parenting Significantly Impacts Development of Children With Fragile X Syndrome

Feb. 14, 2017 — A longitudinal study of children with Fragile X Syndrome, the leading genetic cause of autism, and their mothers found that sustained maternal responsivity had a significant positive impact on the ... read more

Feb. 14, 2017 — The older we get, the more our brain ages. Cognitive abilities decline and the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases like dementia, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease or having a stroke ... read more

Children of Patients With C9orf72 Mutations Are at a Greater Risk of Frontotemporal Dementia or ALS at a Younger Age

Feb. 14, 2017 — The most common genetic cause of the brain diseases frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a mutation in the C9orf72 gene. Researchers have demonstrated that if an ... read more

How the Brain Maintains Useful Memories

Feb. 14, 2017 — Researchers have discovered a reason why we often struggle to remember the smaller details of past ... read more

Feb. 13, 2017 — Psychologists have designed an experiment to investigate whether human vision is more sensitive during physical ... read more

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