Disorders and Syndromes News
August 26, 2016

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
August 26, 2016

How PSD Forms and Why Defects Can Cause Autism

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists have discovered that SynGAP and PSD-95, two abundance proteins in PSD that are known to cause autism when mutated, can form an autonomously assembled network structure both in test-tube ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists are testing a drug that could boost levels of critical protective protein in brain. In the study, the team conducted tests in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by raising the ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — A smart helmet that can help diagnose concussions in football players is being developed by medical students. Using the smart helmet, the team hopes players of all ages will be taken off the field ... read more

Concussions and Brain Injury: Can Omega-3 Intake Aid in Brain Health Recovery?

Aug. 24, 2016 — The treatment of concussions and traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a clinical challenge. Clinical studies thus far have failed to identify an effective treatment strategy when a combination of targets ... read more

New Research Shows Impact of Crohn's Disease on Brain Function

Aug. 24, 2016 — Crohn's disease sufferers experience slower response times than matched individuals that do not have the disease, new research ... read more

Study Shows Diabetes Treatment Helps Reduce Weight in Children With Autism

Aug. 24, 2016 — A drug that's been used for decades in the treatment of type 2 diabetes is proving effective in helping to control weight gain in children who are treated for autism spectrum disorder, according ... read more

Scientists Identify Spark Plug That Ignites Nerve Cell Demise in ALS

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have pinpointed an enzyme that triggers rapid demise of nerve cells in people with ALS. The research team describes a molecular chain of events that culminates in the stripping of the ... read more

How Do Antidepressants Trigger Fear and Anxiety?

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have mapped out a serotonin-driven anxiety circuit that may explain 'anxiety' side effect of antidepressants. More than 100 million people worldwide take selective serotonin ... read more

Disruptions to Sleep Patterns Lead to an Increased Risk of Suicides

Aug. 24, 2016 — The link between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviors is made starkly clear in new ... read more

Childhood Head Injury Linked to Higher Risk of Poor Adult Mental Health and Life Chances

Aug. 24, 2016 — Childhood brain injuries, including concussions, are associated with an increased risk of subsequent mental illness, poor school attainment and premature death, according to a new ... read more

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

Aug. 24, 2016 — In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the ... read more

Evidence of Changes to Children's Brain Rhythms Following 'Brain Training'

Aug. 23, 2016 — New research questions the strong claims that have been made about the benefits of 'brain training' -- enhanced mental skills, a boost to education, improved clinical outcomes and sharper ... read more

Intravenous Glyburide Treatment May Reduce Dangerous Brain Swelling After Stroke

Aug. 23, 2016 — A phase 2 clinical trial of a drug that may alleviate brain swelling -- a dangerous stroke complication -- suggests the treatment may help reduce brain injury and death, and information from the ... read more

Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control -- dynamic changes in DNA methylation -- is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — A recent study published by Brazilian researchers indicates brain malformations induced by Zika virus congenital infection. More than microcephaly, the research indicates other neurological changes ... read more

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Long-Term Psychosocial Outcomes

Aug. 23, 2016 — Traumatic brain injury (TBI) during youth is associated with elevated risks of impaired adult functioning, according to a longitudinal study. The study demonstrates that children and adolescents ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Too much manganese early in development causes lasting attention deficits and other impairments in rats. Studies of children and adolescents have associated excess manganese in the diet with ... read more

How Sleep Deprivation Harms Memory

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have discovered a piece in the puzzle of how sleep deprivation negatively affects ... read more

Too Much Activity in Certain Areas of the Brain Is Bad for Memory and Attention

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have found that faulty inhibitory neurotransmission and abnormally increased activity in the hippocampus impairs our memory and ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers from the epicenter of the current Zika virus outbreak have released a report on imaging findings in babies and fetuses infected with the Zika virus. Zika virus is most dangerous when ... read more

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