Disorders and Syndromes News
August 31, 2016

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More Disorders and Syndromes News
August 31, 2016

High Rates of Suicide and Self-Harm Among Transgender Youth

Aug. 31, 2016 — In a new study, 30 percent of transgender youth report a history of at least one suicide attempt, and nearly 42 percent report a history of self-injury, such as cutting. The study also discovered a ... read more

Antipsychotic Medications Linked to Increased Risk of Pneumonia in Persons With Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 30, 2016 — Antipsychotic medications are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to new research. The risk of pneumonia was the highest at the ... read more

Use It or Lose It: Stopping Exercise Decreases Brain Blood Flow

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers examined cerebral blood flow in master athletes (ages 50-80 years) before and after a 10-day period during which they stopped all exercise. Using MRI brain imaging techniques, they found ... read more

Majority of Older Adults in Jail Have Distressing Health Symptoms

Aug. 29, 2016 — According to the study, of the older inmates, 49 percent said they experience poor or fair health, 20 percent have chronic lung disease, and 54 percent have trouble performing daily activities such ... read more

Alzheimer's: Nicotinic Receptors as a New Therapeutic Target

Aug. 29, 2016 — Studies have indicated that nicotine may be beneficial for memory function. Scientists are set out to shed further light on the properties attributed to nicotine by determining the precise structure ... read more

Many Adults Who Screen Positive for Depression Don't Receive Treatment

Aug. 29, 2016 — A new study suggests gaps exist in the treatment of depression with many individuals who screen positive for the mental health disorder not receiving treatment, according to a new ... read more

Patients With Moderate to Severe TBI Twice as Likely to Die from an Unintentional Injury

Aug. 29, 2016 — Research examining adults with moderate to severe TBI who participated in rehabilitation showed that they were twice as likely to die from an unintentional injury that occurred following their TBI. ... read more

Parkinson's Study Could Pave Way for Early Detection Test

Aug. 29, 2016 — A test that can detect Parkinson's disease in the early stages of the illness has moved a step ... read more

New Oral Anticoagulants Provide Same Stroke Prevention as Warfarin but Cause Less Bleeding

Aug. 27, 2016 — The new oral anticoagulants provide the same stroke prevention as warfarin but cause less intracranial bleeding, reports an observational study in more than 43,000 ... read more

Alcohol-Related Hospitalization Associated With Doubled Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation

Aug. 27, 2016 — Alcohol-related hospitalization is associated with a doubled risk of ischemic stroke risk in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, according to a new study. The observational study was ... read more

Smartphone Detects Atrial Fibrillation With Existing Hardware

Aug. 27, 2016 — Smartphones can be used to detect atrial fibrillation with existing hardware, according to new research. A low-cost application has been developed that uses the phone's own accelerometer and ... read more

Impulsivity Levels Help Identify at-Risk Offspring of Alcoholics

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. For this ... read more

Sertraline, Brand Named Zoloft, Improves Functioning in Young Children With Fragile X

Aug. 26, 2016 — Treatment with sertraline may provide nominal but important improvements in cognition and social participation in very young children with fragile X syndrome, the most common genetic cause of ... read more

Stiff Arteries Linked With Memory Problems, Mouse Study Suggests

Aug. 26, 2016 — Using a new mouse model, researchers have found that stiffer arteries can also negatively affect memory and other critical brain processes. The findings may eventually reveal how arterial stiffness ... read more

Novel Inhibitory Brain Receptor May Be Mechanism for Remission of Epilepsy in Adolescence

Aug. 26, 2016 — At the onset of puberty, the emergence of a novel inhibitory brain receptor reduces seizure-like activity in a mouse model of ... read more

Neuroscientists Stand Up for Basic Cell Biology Research

Aug. 25, 2016 — Clinical trials and translational medicine have certainly given people hope and rapid pathways to cures for some of humankind's most troublesome diseases, but now is not the time to overlook the ... read more

Finally, the Brain Sensor That Turns Down the Heat

Aug. 25, 2016 — At long last, researchers have zeroed in on the neurons that act as the brain's internal ... read more

Investigating the Relationship Between Low Physical Activity and Psychotic Symptoms

Aug. 25, 2016 — Physical activity can help reduce cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with psychological problems. However, there is limited data on exercise in people with serious mental ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — New research dispels long-held notions about the area of the brain involved in Parkinson's and addiction. The work delves into the anatomy and function of the striatum by employing cutting-edge ... read more

How PSD Forms and Why Defects Can Cause Autism

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists have discovered that SynGAP and PSD-95, two abundance proteins in PSD that are known to cause autism when mutated, can form an autonomously assembled network structure both in test-tube ... read more

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