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Justice News
September 28, 2016

Latest Headlines
updated 9:36pm EDT

More Justice News
September 28, 2016

First Estimates of Judicial Costs of Crime, from Homicide to Theft

Sep. 12, 2016 — When considering the costs of crime, most discussion focuses on the price of incarceration of criminals and the cost faced by victims of criminal activity. A new study focuses on the cost of ... read more

Sep. 12, 2016 — New apparatus is able to visualize fingerprints ranging from freshly deposited to 10 days old, immersed in a fluid, exposed to dust particles or manually wiped, researchers report. The technique can ... read more

Study Explores Youths' Motivations for Painting Graffiti

Sep. 8, 2016 — Youth who paint graffiti on businesses and public property, also called street taggers, say they don’t view their actions as criminal because they are not injuring anyone and the graffiti can be ... read more

Study Generates Soviet Anthrax Pathogen Genome from Autopsy Specimens

Sep. 7, 2016 — A new study used deep DNA sequencing methods to generate the anthrax genome sequence from the victims of the 1979 anthrax outbreak in Sverdlovsk, Russia, when it was part of the ... read more

Testing Backlogged Sexual Assault Kits Prevents Future Rapes and Saves Victims Millions

Sep. 7, 2016 — Testing backlogged sexual assault kits leads to the imprisonment of more rapists -- preventing future sexual assaults and saving would-be victims and communities millions of dollars, according to a ... read more

Why Prisons Continue to Grow, Even When Crime Declines

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new study may help explain why the number of people in prison in the United States continued to rise, even as the crime rate declined significantly. A sociologist found that the US criminal justice ... read more

Forensic Research Finds Bone Density Affects Size of Bullet Holes

Aug. 3, 2016 — A proof-of-concept study finds that the density of bones in the skull affects the size of bullet holes in the skull. The finding is useful for law enforcement officials and medical examiners seeking ... read more

Indian Pedestrian, Motorcycle Deaths Likely Much Higher Than Government Data Suggest

July 28, 2016 — Official government statistics on traffic deaths in southwest India significantly misrepresented the number of pedestrian and motorcycle deaths in the region over a two-year period, casting doubt on ... read more

Scientists Trial Fingerprint Development Method for Britain's New Polymer Banknotes

July 13, 2016 — New research into the most effective way of lifting fingerprints from polymer banknotes has been released by English ... read more

The True Cost of Crime, in Carbon Footprints

July 11, 2016 — Despite policy makers currently examining the economic and social impacts of crime, the environmental impacts have not, to date, been included, a new report ... read more

Blurring of National Security Interests, Global Health Agendas Are an Unavoidable Reality

July 7, 2016 — Society must align the overlapping priorities and often clashing interests of medical intelligence, national security agendas and the global health community, according to global health ... read more

Make No Mistake, Revenge Is (Bitter) Sweet

June 29, 2016 — Deep, dark and sometimes overwhelming, the human compulsion to seek revenge is a complex emotion that science has found incredibly hard to explain. Despite popular consensus that "revenge is ... read more

New Framework Uses Patterns to Predict Terrorist Behavior

June 28, 2016 — Government agencies are having difficulty tracking potential terrorist attacks, since terrorists have developed new ways to communicate besides social media. A new framework, says researchers, is ... read more

Europe: Don't Adopt Australian Style Immigration System, Warn Ethicists

June 27, 2016 — European countries should not adopt Australia's immigration system, with its emphasis on deterrence, warn ethicists in a new ... read more

Major Differences Between Women and Men Who Commit Deadly Violence

June 17, 2016 — Women who commit deadly violence are different in many ways from male perpetrators, both in terms of the most common victims, the way in which the murder is committed, the place where it is carried ... read more

Policing: Two Officers 'on the Beat' Prevent 86 Assaults and Save Thousands in Prison Costs

June 14, 2016 — The results of a major criminology experiment in the United Kingdom suggest that investing in proactive Police Community Support Officers foot patrols targeting crime ‘hot spots’ could yield a ... read more

Witnesses Can Catch Criminals by Smell: Human Nose-Witnesses Identify Criminals in a Lineup of Body Odor

June 9, 2016 — Move over sniffer dogs, people who witnessed a crime are able to identify criminals by their smell. Police lineups normally rely on sight, but nose-witnesses can be just as reliable as eye-witnesses, ... read more

Relationship Between School Security, Race, Research Shows

June 8, 2016 — Security measures in American high schools are meant to keep students safe. But research shows heightened security has unintended ... read more

Research Finds Offender Risk Assessment Tools in US Are Promising, but Questions Remain

June 7, 2016 — The criminal justice system in the United States uses a variety of tools to assess the behavior of criminal offenders, and those risk assessments can have a significant impact on an offender's ... read more

Rape Kit Data Yield Major Implications for Sexual Assault Investigations

June 6, 2016 — Researchers discovered serial rapists are far more common than previous data suggested -- a finding that could change how sexual assaults, including so-called acquaintance rapes, are investigated. ... read more

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