Science News
from research organizations

Schools failing to address biased student discipline

Date:
June 2, 2015
Source:
Michigan State University
Summary:
School districts are failing to address the discipline gap between students of color and white students -- in some cases even blocking researchers from gathering data on the troubling trend, a scholar argues in a new paper.
Share:
FULL STORY

A study by Michigan State University's Muhammad Khalifa suggests school districts are perpetuating racism by failing to address the factors that lead to students of color being disciplined at a higher rate than white students.
Credit: Michigan State University

School districts are failing to address the discipline gap between students of color and white students -- in some cases even blocking researchers from gathering data on the troubling trend, a Michigan State University scholar argues in a new paper.

Muhammad Khalifa set out to collect student discipline information from a handful of large school districts in Texas but said he was met with resistance from district administrators who viewed his efforts as a threat.

His findings, published in the academic journal Teachers College Record, highlight a larger national issue. The United States, Khalifa said, cannot solve the problem of black and Latino students being suspended at higher rates than whites if school districts don't even acknowledge the gap exists.

Nationally, black students are three times more likely to be suspended than white students, according to a 2014 report from the U.S. Department of Education Office of Civil Rights.

"School districts are deeply complicit in the oppression of some groups of students," said Khalifa, assistant professor of educational administration. "District administrators are perpetuating racism by not noticing or addressing the school factors that lead to the disproportionate suspension of students of color."

Khalifa, in attempting to examine whether individual school districts are addressing the issue, said he was met with roadblock after roadblock during his research, which took more than two years.

Two school districts repeatedly blocked his requests for student discipline data under the Freedom of Information Act, and then charged prohibitive fees of as much as $10,000 to obtain the information. Another district gave him unusable data. Administrators from a fourth district provided the data and met with researchers, but then were defensive about the problem in their schools.

"Essentially, district administrators were not comfortable engaging in discussions about race," the study says. "They interpreted it as a threat, and this likely prevented them from actually addressing the problem."

To attack the discipline gap, Khalifa recommends school districts:

  • Raise awareness of the problem. This includes being transparent with the data and communicating regularly with the community.
  • Create teams of stakeholders to address the issue. Participants should include students, parents, teachers, administrators and community members.
  • Work to create culturally responsive schools that are sensitive to all students' identities and backgrounds. Khalifa said students of color are often disciplined over their speech, dress or non-harmful behavior that link back to their neighborhoods

"Being culturally responsive means learning how to create space in schools that will accommodate multiple student identities -- not just identities that accommodate white, middle-class kids, but students that are black, brown, immigrant and second-language," Khalifa said.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Michigan State University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Muhammad A. Khalifa & Felecia M. Briscoe. A Counternarrative Autoethnography Exploring School Districts’ Role in Reproducing Racism: Willful Blindness to Racial Inequities. Teachers College Record, June 2015

Cite This Page:

Michigan State University. "Schools failing to address biased student discipline." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 June 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150602130459.htm>.
Michigan State University. (2015, June 2). Schools failing to address biased student discipline. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 8, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150602130459.htm
Michigan State University. "Schools failing to address biased student discipline." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150602130459.htm (accessed May 8, 2017).