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How we see the future can make us depressed today

Date:
June 12, 2015
Source:
British Psychological Society (BPS)
Summary:
A pessimistic view of the future may not be the result of depression but the cause of it. Researchers carried out a review of the literature on depression and 'prospection' -- the mental representation of possible futures. From it they propose that three kinds of faulty prospection can drive depression.
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A pessimistic view of the future may not be the result of depression but the cause of it.

That is the conclusion of research by Ann Marie Roepke and Professor Martin Seligman from the University of Pennsylvania published today, Friday 11 June 2015, in the British Journal of Clinical Psychology.

The two researchers carried out a review of the literature on depression and 'prospection' -- the mental representation of possible futures. From it they propose that three kinds of faulty prospection can drive depression.

These are:

  • poor generation of possible futures
  • poor evaluation of possible future
  • negative beliefs about the future

The researchers also proposed that depressed mood and poor functioning may in turn maintain faulty prospection and so feed a vicious cycle.

They suggest that faulty prospection can be treated by strategies drawn from cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), a form of 'talk therapy' that tackles patterns of thinking that can lead to problems with mood or behaviour.

The authors say: "Prospection belongs front and centre in the study of depression. Laboratory studies are needed to confirm that faulty prospection does drive depression and to help us determine how prospection can be improved. We hope clinical scientists will invest in research on prospection to shed more light on a crucial and underappreciated process that may underlie much more than depression.

"An understanding of how prospection shapes psychopathology may enable researchers to create more effective treatments and help distressed individuals to create brighter futures."

The researchers suggest some aspects future research might explore. This includes establishing what helpful prospection looks like; determining how much time people with depression spend thinking about the past, present and future -- and how much they should; and clinical trials to see if CBT aimed particularly at prospection is more helpful to people with depression than conventional CBT."


Story Source:

Materials provided by British Psychological Society (BPS). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Ann Marie Roepke and Martin E. P. Seligman. Depression and prospection. , 12 JUN 2015 DOI: 10.1111/bjc.12087

Cite This Page:

British Psychological Society (BPS). "How we see the future can make us depressed today." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 June 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150612103808.htm>.
British Psychological Society (BPS). (2015, June 12). How we see the future can make us depressed today. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 24, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150612103808.htm
British Psychological Society (BPS). "How we see the future can make us depressed today." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150612103808.htm (accessed May 24, 2017).

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