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Predator from a tank: New water mite genus from bromeliad phytotelmata

Date:
August 6, 2015
Source:
Pensoft Publishers
Summary:
During an extensive sampling of the water mite fauna across the Atlantic rainforests of Brazil, a new mite genus has been proposed and diagnosed. The research also led to the discovery of a new species, called Bromeliacarus cardoso after its collection point, the State Park of Ilha do Cardoso, São Paulo, Brazil.
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This is the new water mite species Bromeliacarus cardoso.
Credit: Dr. Vladimir Pešic

An extensive sampling effort in bromeliad aquatic fauna in Brazilian subtropical area of the Atlantic rainforest, revealed a new water mite genus and a new species in the Atlantic rainforests in São Paulo, Brazil. This research is published in the open-access journal ZooKeys.

The scientist chose to name the new genus Bromeliacarus after its host and the Latin word for 'mite' ('acarus'). The new species, B. cardoso, is called after its collection point, the State Park of Ilha do Cardoso, São Paulo, Brazil.

The rosette (circular) formation of some bromeliad species traps water and organic matter from the canopy in leaf axils (bromeliad 'tank') and harbors many invertebrate animals species. Bromeliads phytotelmata are considered as biodiversity amplifiers in the environments where they occur due to the high number of species in this habitat which prefer it.

"A diverse aquatic arthropod fauna is associated with bromeliad tank, composed mainly of aquatic insect larvae of several groups such as dipterans, beetles and damselflies, but also small non-insect invertebrates, such as ostracods, oligochaetes and mites," the lead author Vladimir Pešić from the Department of Biology, University of Montenegro explained. "The new species appear to live only in the water-filled leaf axils of the bromeliads where they walk attached to submerged detritus in bromeliads tank or free swimming in water column."

"In these bromeliad aquatic microcosms water mites, such as the new genus Bromeliacarus, are top predators," he concluded.


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Materials provided by Pensoft Publishers. The original story is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Vladimir Pešić, Gustavo Cauê de Oliveira Piccoli, Marcel Santos de Araújo, José Marcos Rezende. A new genus of water mites (Acari, Hydrachnidia, Wettinidae) from bromeliad phytotelmata in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. ZooKeys, 2015; 516: 27 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.516.10179

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Pensoft Publishers. "Predator from a tank: New water mite genus from bromeliad phytotelmata." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 August 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150806112105.htm>.
Pensoft Publishers. (2015, August 6). Predator from a tank: New water mite genus from bromeliad phytotelmata. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150806112105.htm
Pensoft Publishers. "Predator from a tank: New water mite genus from bromeliad phytotelmata." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150806112105.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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