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Childhood muscular fitness and adult metabolic syndrome

Date:
September 24, 2016
Source:
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)
Summary:
About 20-25 percent of adults have the metabolic syndrome and have increased risk of developing both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. In a new longitudinal study, investigators examined associations between childhood muscular fitness (strength, endurance, and power) and metabolic syndrome -- the latter assessed once they reached adulthood.
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About 20-25 percent of adults have the metabolic syndrome and have increased risk of developing both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

In this longitudinal study, investigators examined associations between childhood muscular fitness (strength, endurance, and power) and metabolic syndrome -- the latter assessed once they reached adulthood.

The results suggest that higher levels of childhood muscular fitness might protect against developing metabolic syndrome in adult years. Further, this relationship was found to be independent of the childhood cardiorespiratory fitness levels.

For example, those with the highest muscular fitness at ages 9-15 years, had an 80 percent lower risk of developing metabolic syndrome in adulthood -- in comparison to those who had low muscular fitness levels during childhood.

Supporting the current World Health Organization physical activity guidelines, these results highlight the importance of both muscular strengthening activities and aerobic exercise.

Overall, the study supports that a combination of increased muscular fitness, increased cardiorespiratory fitness and decreased adiposity in childhood may reduce future risk metabolic syndrome.


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Materials provided by American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Constan G. Magnussen et al. Childhood Muscular Fitness Phenotypes and Adult Metabolic Syndrome. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2016; 48 (9): 1715 DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000955

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American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). "Childhood muscular fitness and adult metabolic syndrome." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 September 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/09/160924010207.htm>.
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). (2016, September 24). Childhood muscular fitness and adult metabolic syndrome. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 30, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/09/160924010207.htm
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). "Childhood muscular fitness and adult metabolic syndrome." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/09/160924010207.htm (accessed April 30, 2017).