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Monkeys can also thank their body for vocal development, not only their brain

Date:
October 15, 2019
Source:
University of Southern Denmark
Summary:
Development of vocal behavior during maturation is typically attributed to the brain. But the body itself is also capable of guiding this development. New experiments with marmoset monkeys show that we should not ignore the body's own amazing capabilities.
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Normally we think about the brain as an all-controlling organ that guides the development of all bodily organs and functions. But according to the authors of a new paper in Nature Communications, this is not solely the case.

"There is a growing realization amongst neuroscientists that you cannot ignore the body. The body is capable of locally solving problems without the use of brain power," says biologist Coen Elemans, associate professor, University of Southern Denmark.

Together with Professor of Neuroscience Asif A. Ghazanfar and his team at Princeton University, he studied vocal communication in marmoset monkeys.

Infant marmosets and humans

Like human infants, marmoset infants spontaneously call in sequences that include both immature and mature vocalizations. However, over the course of a few months during their maturation, infant vocalizations change from mostly immature-sounding low pitched contact calls to high-pitched and loud mature contact calls.

"Previously we thought the brain was responsible for this developmental shift. In this study we show that this is not the case," Elemans says.

The team studied sound production in the larynx of infant and adult marmosets using high-speed cameras.

From chest to falsetto register in humans

"We show that the infant marmoset larynx undergoes changes in the biomechanical properties that causes changes in how the vocal folds in the larynx vibrate. At low frequencies the vocal folds vibrate, but at high frequencies instead thin membranes on top start to vibrate."

This shift is comparable to the change observed from chest to falsetto register in human singers. In marmoset monkeys the shift from low to high pitch, loud calls also guides the changes in marmoset vocal behavior changes.

- "What we see here, is the body making a local solution," says Elemans.

Takes a load off the brain

According to the researchers, local body solutions make sense, because they save energy:

  • It takes a load off the brain and significantly simplifies motor control. It reduces the computational load, and thus energy consumption, of the developing brain.

Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Southern Denmark. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yisi S. Zhang, Daniel Y. Takahashi, Diana A. Liao, Asif A. Ghazanfar, Coen P. H. Elemans. Vocal state change through laryngeal development. Nature Communications, 2019; 10 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-12588-6

Cite This Page:

University of Southern Denmark. "Monkeys can also thank their body for vocal development, not only their brain." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 October 2019. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191015110652.htm>.
University of Southern Denmark. (2019, October 15). Monkeys can also thank their body for vocal development, not only their brain. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 19, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191015110652.htm
University of Southern Denmark. "Monkeys can also thank their body for vocal development, not only their brain." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191015110652.htm (accessed June 19, 2024).

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