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Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone is a dark grey-pinkish granite stone (often incorrectly identified as basalt) with writing on it in two languages, Egyptian and Greek, using three scripts, Hieroglyphic, Demotic Egyptian and Greek.

Because Greek was well known, the stone was the key to deciphering the hieroglyphs.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Rosetta Stone", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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