Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Muscle Restoration In Mice With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Demonstrated For The First Time

Date:
April 23, 2007
Source:
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Summary:
Using a new type of drug that targets a specific genetic defect, researchers have for the first time demonstrated restoration of muscle function in a mouse model of Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD).

Using a new type of drug that targets a specific genetic defect, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, along with colleagues at PTC Therapeutics Inc. and the University of Massachusetts Medical School, have for the first time demonstrated restoration of muscle function in a mouse model of Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD)."This new class of treatment has the potential to help a large number of patients with different genetic diseases that have the same type of mutation," says senior author H. Lee Sweeney, PhD, chair of the Department of Physiology at Penn.


This genetic flaw causes from 5 to 15 percent (and in a few instances up to 70 percent) of individual cases of most inherited diseases, including DMD, cystic fibrosis, and hemophilia.

The new drug, developed by the South Plainfield, NJ-biotech firm and called PTC124, binds to the ribosome, a cellular component where the genetic code is translated into proteins, one amino acid at a time. The drug allows the ribosome to read through a mistake in the genetic code called a premature stop codon in order to properly make whole proteins.

In DMD, patients are missing dystrophin, a protein that helps keep muscle cells intact. About 15 percent of DMD patients do not make dystrophin because of the mutation. DMD eventually affects all voluntary muscles, as well as heart and breathing muscles.

PTC124 attaches to ribosomes in all cell types within the MD mouse model, overriding the mutation in the dystrophin gene that tells it to halt production of the protein. Instead of stopping, the full-length dystrophin protein is made. The drug enables enough protein to be made to correct defects in the muscle of the DMD mouse, and at the same time the drug does not prevent the ribosome from reading correct "stop" signals in the genetic code to make other necessary proteins.

"Enough dystrophin accumulated in the muscles of the MD mice so that we could no longer find defects in the muscles when we examined them," says Sweeney. "For all intents and purposes the disease was corrected by treatment with PTC124." The drug allowed dystrophin to be made in cells in which it was previously absent, to be delivered to the proper location at the cell membrane, and to induce restoration of muscle function in rodent muscles.

Co-first author Elisabeth Barton, PhD, worked on this project as a postdoctoral fellow in the Sweeney lab, and continued as a collaborator when she became an Assistant Professor in Penn's School of Dental Medicine.

The study was supported in part by the Muscular Dystrophy Association and the Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy. The research appears ahead of print in an advanced online publication of Nature.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. "Muscle Restoration In Mice With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Demonstrated For The First Time." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 April 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070422141759.htm>.
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. (2007, April 23). Muscle Restoration In Mice With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Demonstrated For The First Time. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070422141759.htm
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. "Muscle Restoration In Mice With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Demonstrated For The First Time." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070422141759.htm (accessed September 30, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

How 'Yes Means Yes' Defines Sexual Assault

How 'Yes Means Yes' Defines Sexual Assault

Newsy (Sep. 29, 2014) Aimed at reducing sexual assaults on college campuses, California has adopted a new law changing the standard of consent for sexual activity. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists May Have Found An Early Sign Of Pancreatic Cancer

Scientists May Have Found An Early Sign Of Pancreatic Cancer

Newsy (Sep. 29, 2014) Researchers looked at 1,500 blood samples and determined people who developed pancreatic cancer had more branched chain amino acids. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Colo. Doctors See Cluster of Enterovirus Cases

Colo. Doctors See Cluster of Enterovirus Cases

AP (Sep. 29, 2014) Doctors at the Children's Hospital of Colorado say they have treated over 4,000 children with serious respiratory illnesses since August. Nine of the patients have shown distinct neurological symptoms, including limb weakness. (Sept. 29) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Dr.'s Unsure of Cause of Fast-Spreading Virus

Dr.'s Unsure of Cause of Fast-Spreading Virus

AP (Sep. 29, 2014) Doctors at the Children's Hospital of Colorado say they have treated over 4,000 children with serious respiratory illnesses since August. Nine of the patients have shown distinct neurological symptoms, including limb weakness. (Sept. 29) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins