Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Faster Forage Crop Can Help Growers Beat Back Weeds

Date:
April 9, 2008
Source:
US Department of Agriculture
Summary:
A new bahiagrass may provide forage growers with a better shot at beating back weeds before they gain a stranglehold on forage pastures. Agricultural scientists have now developed a cultivar called "TifQuik" that would do just that.

TifQuik, a new bahiagrass from ARS, has great promise as a fast-germinating forage.
Credit: Photo by Stephen Ausmus

A new bahiagrass may provide forage growers with a better shot at beating back weeds before they gain a stranglehold on forage pastures. Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists in Tifton, Ga., have developed a cultivar called "TifQuik" that would do just that.

Geneticist Bill Anderson and colleagues in the ARS Crop Genetics and Breeding Research Unit in Tifton developed TifQuik, a bahiagrass with great potential as a forage grass in the Southeast. ARS is the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) chief scientific research agency.

Released by the USDA and the University of Georgia (UGA), TifQuik provides faster germination and field establishment than Tifton 9, another USDA/UGA variety that's widely grown for forage.

Most bahiagrass cultivars currently available require two to three weeks to establish a full stand. During this time, weeds may infest the pasture, and moisture for forage seed germination may be restricted.

The sole criterion for selection of plants to develop TifQuik was fast germination. Former ARS agronomist Roger Gates and retired geneticist Wayne Hanna performed four selection cycles, beginning with Tifton 9. Plants were allowed to cross-pollinate, seed was hand-harvested, and that seed was then used to start the final selection cycle in a greenhouse.

In greenhouse studies, the germination rate of TifQuik averaged five times greater than that of Tifton 9 after six days, and three times greater after eight days. One week after planting, TifQuik emerged about 75 percent faster than Tifton 9 and Pensacola, another commonly used forage bahiagrass. Four weeks after planting, TifQuik plants were taller than those of both Tifton 9 and Pensacola.

TifQuik will be particularly valuable to growers wanting to include bahiagrass in a sod- based rotation system with row crops such as peanut and cotton in the Southeast. Bahiagrass has been shown to reduce nematode and disease problems in subsequent crops, and it should provide many forage growers with another tool to make their operations more efficient and perhaps more profitable.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by US Department of Agriculture. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

US Department of Agriculture. "Faster Forage Crop Can Help Growers Beat Back Weeds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 April 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080405094818.htm>.
US Department of Agriculture. (2008, April 9). Faster Forage Crop Can Help Growers Beat Back Weeds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080405094818.htm
US Department of Agriculture. "Faster Forage Crop Can Help Growers Beat Back Weeds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080405094818.htm (accessed July 25, 2014).

Share This




More Plants & Animals News

Friday, July 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Boy Attacked by Shark in Florida

Boy Attacked by Shark in Florida

Reuters - US Online Video (July 24, 2014) An 8-year-old boy is bitten in the leg by a shark while vacationing at a Florida beach. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Goma Cheese Brings Whiff of New Hope to DRC

Goma Cheese Brings Whiff of New Hope to DRC

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 24, 2014) The eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, mainly known for conflict and instability, is an unlikely place for the production of fine cheese. But a farm in the village of Masisi, in North Kivu is slowly transforming perceptions of the area. Known simply as Goma cheese, the Congolese version of Dutch gouda has gained popularity through out the region. Ciara Sutton reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Tyrannosaur Pack-Hunting Theory Aided By New Footprints

Tyrannosaur Pack-Hunting Theory Aided By New Footprints

Newsy (July 24, 2014) A new study claims a set of prehistoric T-Rex footprints supports the theory that the giant predators hunted in packs instead of alone. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Bill Gates: Health, Agriculture Key to Africa's Development

Bill Gates: Health, Agriculture Key to Africa's Development

AFP (July 24, 2014) Health and agriculture development are key if African countries are to overcome poverty and grow, US software billionaire Bill Gates said Thursday, as he received an honourary degree in Ethiopia. Duration: 00:36 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

    Health News

      Environment News

        Technology News



          Save/Print:
          Share:

          Free Subscriptions


          Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

          Get Social & Mobile


          Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

          Have Feedback?


          Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
          Mobile: iPhone Android Web
          Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
          Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
          Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins