Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Kazak Apple Research Key To Preventing Blue Mold

Date:
September 29, 2008
Source:
American Society for Horticultural Science
Summary:
Blue mold, caused by the fungus Penicillium expansum, is the scourge of apple breeders and producers throughout the world, causing extensive losses to stored apples. As the familiar saying goes, one bad apple really can spoil the whole bunch -- good fruit stored in containers with decaying fruit often absorbs a moldy odor and flavor.

Apples grown from germplasm collected in central Asia, contain a treasure trove of genes for improving disease resistance of American domestic apples.
Credit: Photo by Peggy Greb

Blue mold, caused by the fungus Penicillium expansum, is the scourge of apple breeders and producers throughout the world, causing extensive losses to stored apples. As the familiar saying goes, one bad apple really can spoil the whole bunch—good fruit stored in containers with decaying fruit often absorbs a moldy odor and flavor.

Related Articles


In a survey of the New York market from 1972 to 1984, blue mold caused by Penicillium expansum was the most damaging parasitic postharvest disease of apples. Documented losses from blue mold and other postharvest diseases have focused on the fate of apples in storage, in transit, and in markets, but little information is available on the significant losses that can occur in apples sold to restaurants and in groceries. Despite the severity of this problem, apple breeders have not been able to evaluate new fruit varieties for blue mold resistance because of the apple's gene pool.

A theory called "geography of genes" posits that breeders looking to create mold-resistant apples should obtain breeding seeds, or germplasm, from the fruit's geographic area of origin. The geography of genes theory has assumed particular significance as fruits' natural habitats are quickly being eliminated.

Based on this gene theory and looking for answers to the blue mold problem, Wojciech J. Janisiewicz, a researcher at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service, undertook a study of a new apple germplasm collection from the center of origin in Kazakhstan. The germplasm represents a much broader gene pool and was evaluated for resistance to blue mold. Apples were harvested from trees that were propagated from budwood collected in Kazakhstan and from seedling trees originating from seeds of the same trees as the Elite budwood or from other wild seedling trees in Kazakhstan.

The objective of the study was to determine disease resistance to postharvest blue mold decay among apples from the Kazakhstan germplasm (Kazak) collection. According to Janisiewicz, "Our results indicate a greater genetic diversity among the Kazak apple collection than among cultivated apples, as evidenced by their broad range of fruit maturity, quality, and disease resistance patterns. The immune and resistant accessions may serve as a source of resistance in breeding programs and can be useful in explaining the mechanism of resistance to blue mold in apples. This may lead to the utilization of any identified high-resistance germplasm in apple breeding programs using traditional or genetic engineering approaches."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Society for Horticultural Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Janisiewicz, Wojciech J., Saftner, Robert A., Conway, William S., Forsline, Philip L. Preliminary Evaluation of Apple Germplasm from Kazakhstan for Resistance to Postharvest Blue Mold in Fruit Caused by Penicillium expansum. HortScience, 2008; 43: 420-426

Cite This Page:

American Society for Horticultural Science. "Kazak Apple Research Key To Preventing Blue Mold." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 September 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080929123947.htm>.
American Society for Horticultural Science. (2008, September 29). Kazak Apple Research Key To Preventing Blue Mold. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080929123947.htm
American Society for Horticultural Science. "Kazak Apple Research Key To Preventing Blue Mold." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080929123947.htm (accessed December 22, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Plants & Animals News

Monday, December 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Christmas Kissing Good for Health

Christmas Kissing Good for Health

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Dec. 22, 2014) Scientists in Amsterdam say couples transfer tens of millions of microbes when they kiss, encouraging healthy exposure to bacteria. Suzannah Butcher reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Brain-Dwelling Tapeworm Reveals Genetic Secrets

Brain-Dwelling Tapeworm Reveals Genetic Secrets

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Dec. 22, 2014) Cambridge scientists have unravelled the genetic code of a rare tapeworm that lived inside a patient's brain for at least four year. Researchers hope it will present new opportunities to diagnose and treat this invasive parasite. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Fish Species Discovered, Setting Record for World's Deepest

New Fish Species Discovered, Setting Record for World's Deepest

Buzz60 (Dec. 22, 2014) A new species of fish is discovered living five miles beneath the ocean surface, making it the deepest living fish on earth. Jen Markham has the story. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Earthworms Provide Cancer-Fighting Bacteria

Earthworms Provide Cancer-Fighting Bacteria

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Dec. 21, 2014) Polish scientists isolate bacteria from earthworm intestines which they say may be used in antibiotics and cancer treatments. Suzannah Butcher reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins