Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Best Possible Cut From Gemstones With New Machine

Date:
June 26, 2009
Source:
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Summary:
Emeralds, rubies and the likes are referred to as colored gemstones by experts. They sparkle and shine with varying intensity, depending on the cut. A new machine can achieve the best possible cut and extract up to 30 per cent more precious stone from the raw material.

Getting the most out of gemstones.
Credit: Image courtesy of Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

Emeralds, rubies and the likes are referred to as colored gemstones by experts. They sparkle and shine with varying intensity, depending on the cut. A new machine can achieve the best possible cut and extract up to 30 per cent more precious stone from the raw material.

Related Articles


“We were astounded when our customer, Markus Wild, approached us and we were not at all certain whether mathematics could offer a solution for the very complex problem of volume optimization of gemstones,” says Dr. Anton Winterfeld from the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Mathematics ITWM. Jointly with his colleague Dr. Peter Klein, he will receive one of the 2009 Joseph von Fraunhofer prizes for the development of GemOpt, a new industrial process for the volume-optimized utilization of colored gemstones.

In contrast to diamonds, there are innumerable combinations of types and proportions of cut, and types of facet patterns for colored gemstones. When chosen correctly, the interplay of these variables ensures the luster in the stone, its shine. Sometimes just a few facets are sufficient to make a gemstone sparkle, sometimes several hundred. The task was to set limits on what seemed to be infinite and to calculate the optimal volume. The mathematical approach, which finally resulted in a solution, originated from the area of general semi-infinite optimization.

This involved a new type of algorithm, which had until now only been theoretically defined. The team at the ITWM continued to develop this approach and implemented it for this specific problem. The result is an outstanding achievement, also in scientific terms. The second essential part of GemOpt is process control, which Dr. Peter Klein has worked out. For this he ascertained precisely how raw gemstones behave when processed and transferred his findings to the control unit of the machine.

The machine runs fully automatically. First of all, the raw stone is measured. On the basis of these data, the computer calculates optimal embedments, proportions and facet patterns for different basic geometries. The customer then opts for one of the proposed solutions and the machine begins cutting. The process control unit is finely balanced, so that the machine does not split the stones as it cuts them.

The system then moves seamlessly on to the polishing step. The 17 axes ensure that the stone can move along any desired path. The machine cuts the facets to ten micrometers exactly – the stones are therefore perfectly geometric. A further advantage is that the machine can produce identical stones – ideal for necklaces. Cutting with the machine can result in up to 30 per cent more weight. This puts a significantly higher price on the stone.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. "Best Possible Cut From Gemstones With New Machine." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 June 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090625074818.htm>.
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. (2009, June 26). Best Possible Cut From Gemstones With New Machine. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 2, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090625074818.htm
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. "Best Possible Cut From Gemstones With New Machine." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090625074818.htm (accessed March 2, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Computers & Math News

Monday, March 2, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

HP to Buy Aruba Networks in $3B Deal

HP to Buy Aruba Networks in $3B Deal

Reuters - Business Video Online (Mar. 2, 2015) Hewlett-Packard is boosting its mobile computing business... buying California-based Aruba Networks- a wi-fi network gear maker for $24.67 per share. Leah Duncan reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Can Curved Screen Give Samsung the Edge?

Can Curved Screen Give Samsung the Edge?

Reuters - Business Video Online (Mar. 2, 2015) South Korea&apos;s Samsung Electronics Co Ltd unveiled its latest Galaxy S smartphones, featuring a slim body made from aircraft-grade metal, in a bid to reclaim the throne of undisputed global smartphone leader from Apple Inc. Hayley Platt reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Smartphone Giants Unveil Latest Models at Technology Show

Smartphone Giants Unveil Latest Models at Technology Show

AFP (Mar. 2, 2015) Mobile providers have been unveiling their upcoming models at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, showing off the latest in smartphone technology. Duration: 00:57 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Mobile World Looks to 5G

Mobile World Looks to 5G

Reuters - Business Video Online (Mar. 2, 2015) The wireless industry&apos;s annual conference gets underway in Barcelona with 85,000 executives taking part and numerous new smartphones and watches being launched. As Ivor Bennett reports from the show the race for 5G is one of the key themes. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Space & Time

Matter & Energy

Computers & Math

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins