Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Complete sequencing of genomes of four important representative species in Inner Mongolia, China

Date:
August 9, 2011
Source:
Beijing Genomics Institute
Summary:
Researchers have completed sequencing the genomes of four important representative species in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. They are Mongolian sheep, Alxa Bactrian camel, Mongolian horse and Mongolian cattle.

Inner Mongolia Agricultural University (IMAU) and BGI, the world's largest genomics organization, jointly announced the complete sequencing of genomes of four important representative species in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. They are Mongolian sheep, Alxa Bactrian Camel, Mongolian horse, and Mongolian cattle. The genome projects are highly valuable for the studies on genetic analysis of important economic traits in Mongolian characteristic species, such as fast breeding and reproduction, strong disease resistance, superior meat quality, among others. The complete genomes also lay the important genomic foundation for further development in livestock breeding.

Inner Mongolia lies in the north of China and is one of the most important bases for agriculture and livestock production, with over 100 million head of livestock in 2011. Currently the worldwide market for Mongolian livestock production totals more than 33 billion USD in annual revenue from a broad range of products, including dairy foods, leather goods, wool or camel hair products and meat products. The four main species -- Mongolian sheep, Alxa Bactrian camel, Mongolian horse and Mongolian cattle, are the most productive domestic livestock in Inner Mongolia. They are widely distributed throughout Inner Mongolia, characterized by tolerance to cold and drought, resistance to the unfavourable ecological conditions and poor vegetation.

"Recognizing the importance of the four Mongolian livestock, we partner with BGI to initiate this project one year ago." said Professor Huanmin Zhou, PI of this project and Director of Science and Technology at IMAU, "The whole genome sequences are the basic gene resources for the further study on Mongolian species and also provide a critical foundation for the better understanding of their genetic traits and protecting the important germplasm resources in China." he added.

In this project, utilizing whole genome shotgun (WGS) sequencing strategy and next generation sequencing technology, libraries of different insert sizes including 170 bp, 500 bp, 800 bp, 2 kb, 5 kb, 10 kb and 20 kb were sequenced by pair-end. The genome sizes of the four Mongolian species -- Mongolian sheep, Alxa Bactrian Camel, Mongolian horse, and Mongolian cattle -- are about 3 Gb, 2.4 Gb, 2.8 Gb, 2.8 Gb, respectively. "We will perform further comparative genomics and evolution analysis in order to find more scientific evidence to reveal the evolution process, geographical migration and ecological value of Mongolian species." said Zhou.

The genome project of Mongolian species is part of BGI's '1000 Plant and Animal Reference Genomes Project'. Ye Yin, PI of '1000 Plant and Animal Reference Genomes Project' and Director of Research & Cooperation Division at BGI, congratulated the breakthrough in Mongolian species' genomes research. He said, "Based on next-generation high-throughput sequencing technology and powerful bioinformatics platforms, BGI will do more work in this field and continue to promote the applications of genomics in agriculture."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Beijing Genomics Institute. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Beijing Genomics Institute. "Complete sequencing of genomes of four important representative species in Inner Mongolia, China." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 August 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110809101608.htm>.
Beijing Genomics Institute. (2011, August 9). Complete sequencing of genomes of four important representative species in Inner Mongolia, China. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110809101608.htm
Beijing Genomics Institute. "Complete sequencing of genomes of four important representative species in Inner Mongolia, China." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110809101608.htm (accessed September 22, 2014).

Share This



More Plants & Animals News

Monday, September 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Raw: San Diego Zoo Welcomes Cheetah Cubs

Raw: San Diego Zoo Welcomes Cheetah Cubs

AP (Sep. 20, 2014) — The San Diego Zoo has welcomed two Cheetah cubs to its Safari Park. The nearly three-week-old female cubs are being hand fed and are receiving around the clock care. (Sept. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Chocolate Museum Opens in Brussels

Chocolate Museum Opens in Brussels

AFP (Sep. 19, 2014) — Considered a "national heritage" in Belgium, chocolate now has a new museum in Brussels. In a former chocolate factory, visitors to the permanent exhibition spaces, workshops and tastings can discover derivatives of the cocoa bean. Duration: 01:00 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) — The study found elderly people are much more likely to become susceptible to infection than younger adults going though a similar situation. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

AP (Sep. 19, 2014) — A federal jury has convicted three people in connection with an outbreak of salmonella poisoning five years ago that sickened hundreds of people and was linked to a number of deaths. (Sept. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins