Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Is the ice in Greenland in growing decline? Accelerated loss of ice mass could be 'ice shield weather'

Date:
July 14, 2013
Source:
Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Summary:
The time period of satellite observations of the ice sheets of Greenland and the Antarctic is still too short to be able to say whether the accelerated loss of ice measured today will persist in the future. Researchers conclude that predictions of the contribution of both ice shields to the sea level up to the year 2100 may be more than 35 cm too high or too low.

Geoid height change 2003 - 2007 in mm / year. The reduction of ice mass in Greenland, Northwestern Canada and the western Antarctic are clearly visible. The glacial-isostatic mass inflow under North America and Scandinavia is due to the continued rise of the earth's crust until today, after the ice melted during the last ice age. In the Amazon region a distinct mass signal can be recognized by variations in rainfall. The Sumatra earthquake (2004) generated a characteristical positive-negative-signature by the sudden seismic mass shift in the Earth's crust.
Credit: GFZ

The time period of satellite observations of the ice sheets of Greenland and the Antarctic is still too short to be able to say whether the accelerated loss of ice measured today will persist in the future. This is the result published today in the online edition of Nature Geosciences by a research team led by Bert Wouters from the University of Bristol. The GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences is also involved in the study. The researchers conclude that predictions of the contribution of both ice shields to the sea level up to the year 2100 may be more than 35 cm too high or too low.

The researchers analyzed nine years' worth of data from the gravity field satellite GRACE. The GRACE measurements showed that both ice sheets are losing significant amounts of ice -- about 300 billion tons per year. At the same time, the rate at with which these losses occur is increasing: The contribution of both ice shields to sea level rise in recent years has almost doubled when compared to the first years of the GRACE mission. The causes of this accelerated reduction in ice mass are still a challenge for scientists: In addition to anthropogenic warming, the ice sheets are influenced by a variety of natural processes, such as variations in snowfall and slow changes in ocean currents.

In climatological terms, nine years are a very short period of observation. "It would be more prudent to speak of weather rather than climate," says Bert Wouters. "This 'ice sheet weather' can cloak long-term acceleration, or suggest an increase in the depletion of ice mass that could actually be compensated over a longer period," adds co-author Ingo Sasgen from GFZ. "The results highlight the need for a continuous monitoring of the ice sheets with satellites." In particular, deriving long-term trends of processes that interact with the climate from short observation data sets only have limited meaning. In order to improve the identification and prediction of the contribution of melting ice sheets to future sea level rise, the observation will be continued with the GRACE-Follow On mission from 2017 onwards.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. B. Wouters, J. L. Bamber, M. R. van den Broeke, J. T. M. Lenaerts, I. Sasgen. Limits in detecting acceleration of ice sheet mass loss due to climate variability. Nature Geoscience, 2013; DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1874

Cite This Page:

Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. "Is the ice in Greenland in growing decline? Accelerated loss of ice mass could be 'ice shield weather'." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 July 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130714160610.htm>.
Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. (2013, July 14). Is the ice in Greenland in growing decline? Accelerated loss of ice mass could be 'ice shield weather'. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130714160610.htm
Helmholtz Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. "Is the ice in Greenland in growing decline? Accelerated loss of ice mass could be 'ice shield weather'." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130714160610.htm (accessed September 22, 2014).

Share This



More Earth & Climate News

Monday, September 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Will Climate Rallies Spur Change?

Will Climate Rallies Spur Change?

Newsy (Sep. 21, 2014) Organizers of the People's Climate March and other rallies taking place in 166 countries hope to move U.N. officials to action ahead of their summit. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Thousands March in NYC Over Climate Change

Thousands March in NYC Over Climate Change

AP (Sep. 21, 2014) Accompanied by drumbeats, wearing costumes and carrying signs, thousands of demonstrators filled the streets of Manhattan and other cities around the world on Sunday to urge policy makers to take action on climate change. (Sept. 21) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Climate Change Rally Held in India Ahead of UN Summit

Climate Change Rally Held in India Ahead of UN Summit

AFP (Sep. 20, 2014) Some 125 world leaders are expected to commit to action on climate change at a UN summit Tuesday called to inject momentum in struggling efforts to tackle global warming. Duration: 00:41 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Music With Recycled Instruments at Colombia Fest

New Music With Recycled Instruments at Colombia Fest

AFP (Sep. 19, 2014) Jars, bottles, caps and even a pizza box, recovered from the trash, were the elements used by four musical groups at the "RSFEST2014 Sonorities Recycling Festival", in Colombian city of Cali. Duration: 00:49 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

More Coverage


Continuous Satellite Monitoring of Ice Sheets Needed to Better Predict Sea-Level Rise

July 14, 2013 The length of the satellite record for the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets is currently too short to tell if the recently reported speed-up of ice loss will be sustained in the future or if it ... read more
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins