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Breakthrough in terahertz spectroscopy

Date:
January 28, 2015
Source:
INRS
Summary:
Although terahertz spectroscopy has great potential, especially for environmental monitoring and security screening applications, it previously could not be used effectively to study nanocrystals or molecules at extremely low concentrations. Scientists have now found a solution to this problem by increasing the technique's sensitivity using metallic nanostructures.
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Although terahertz spectroscopy has great potential, especially for environmental monitoring and security screening applications, it previously could not be used effectively to study nanocrystals or molecules at extremely low concentrations. An international team led by Professor Luca Razzari at the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre has found a solution to this problem by increasing the technique's sensitivity using metallic nanostructures, as explained in an article published in Nano Letters in January 2015.

Terahertz rays (T-rays) have special properties that are very useful in identifying complex molecules and nanomaterials. However, the very long wavelength associated with this kind of radiation significantly hinders its interaction with nano-objects such as nanoparticles, nanorods, and nanotubes, or large molecules of biological interest. To overcome this limitation, the researchers used nanoantennas to reinforce terahertz spectroscopy, building on an existing strategy that has been successfully employed for other applications such as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS).

The researchers demonstrated that it is possible to retrieve the spectroscopic signature of a single layer of semi-conductor nanocrystals and increase their absorption by more than a million times when they are placed in the antennas' nanocavities. The unique method they developed to squeeze terahertz light into nanovolumes opens up new research perspectives in nanophotonics and broadens the field of applications in both spectroscopy and nonlinear optics.


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Journal Reference:

  1. Andrea Toma, Salvatore Tuccio, Mirko Prato, Francesco De Donato, Andrea Perucchi, Paola Di Pietro, Sergio Marras, Carlo Liberale, Remo Proietti Zaccaria, Francesco De Angelis, Liberato Manna, Stefano Lupi, Enzo Di Fabrizio, Luca Razzari. Squeezing Terahertz Light into Nanovolumes: Nanoantenna Enhanced Terahertz Spectroscopy (NETS) of Semiconductor Quantum Dots. Nano Letters, 2015; 15 (1): 386 DOI: 10.1021/nl503705w

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INRS. "Breakthrough in terahertz spectroscopy." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 January 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/01/150128114102.htm>.
INRS. (2015, January 28). Breakthrough in terahertz spectroscopy. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/01/150128114102.htm
INRS. "Breakthrough in terahertz spectroscopy." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/01/150128114102.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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