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Hyper-stretchable elastic-composite energy harvester

Date:
April 13, 2015
Source:
The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
Summary:
Scientists have developed a hyper-stretchable elastic-composite energy harvesting device called a nanogenerator.
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Top row shows schematics of hyper-stretchable elastic-composite generator (SEG) enabled by very long silver nanowire-based stretchable electrodes. The bottom row shows the SEG energy harvester stretched by human hands over 200% strain.
Credit: KAIST

A research team led by Professor Keon Jae Lee of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) has developed a hyper-stretchable elastic-composite energy harvesting device called a nanogenerator.

Flexible electronics have come into the market and are enabling new technologies like flexible displays in mobile phone, wearable electronics, and the Internet of Things (IoTs). However, is the degree of flexibility enough for most applications? For many flexible devices, elasticity is a very important issue. For example, wearable/biomedical devices and electronic skins (e-skins) should stretch to conform to arbitrarily curved surfaces and moving body parts such as joints, diaphragms, and tendons. They must be able to withstand the repeated and prolonged mechanical stresses of stretching.

In particular, the development of elastic energy devices is regarded as critical to establish power supplies in stretchable applications. Although several researchers have explored diverse stretchable electronics, due to the absence of the appropriate device structures and correspondingly electrodes, researchers have not developed ultra-stretchable and fully-reversible energy conversion devices properly.

Recently, researchers from KAIST and Seoul National University (SNU) have collaborated and demonstrated a facile methodology to obtain a high-performance and hyper-stretchable elastic-composite generator (SEG) using very long silver nanowire-based stretchable electrodes. Their stretchable piezoelectric generator can harvest mechanical energy to produce high power output (~4 V) with large elasticity (~250%) and excellent durability (over 104 cycles). These noteworthy results were achieved by the non-destructive stress- relaxation ability of the unique electrodes as well as the good piezoelectricity of the device components. The new SEG can be applied to a wide-variety of wearable energy-harvesters to transduce biomechanical-stretching energy from the body (or machines) to electrical energy.

Professor Lee said, "This exciting approach introduces an ultra-stretchable piezoelectric generator. It can open avenues for power supplies in universal wearable and biomedical applications as well as self-powered ultra-stretchable electronics."

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBByFvPVRiU&feature=youtu.be


Story Source:

Materials provided by The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Chang Kyu Jeong, Jinhwan Lee, Seungyong Han, Jungho Ryu, Geon-Tae Hwang, Dae Yong Park, Jung Hwan Park, Seung Seob Lee, Myunghwan Byun, Seung Hwan Ko, Keon Jae Lee. A Hyper-Stretchable Elastic-Composite Energy Harvester. Advanced Materials, 2015; DOI: 10.1002/adma.201500367

Cite This Page:

The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). "Hyper-stretchable elastic-composite energy harvester." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 April 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150413095208.htm>.
The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). (2015, April 13). Hyper-stretchable elastic-composite energy harvester. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 25, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150413095208.htm
The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). "Hyper-stretchable elastic-composite energy harvester." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150413095208.htm (accessed April 25, 2017).