Science News
from research organizations

As California wildfires burn, southern plant species are shifting northward

Forest thinning before wildfire increases diversity

Date:
August 10, 2015
Source:
University of California - Davis
Summary:
After wildfire, Northern California forests are beginning to look more like those seen in Mexico and Southern California.
Share:
FULL STORY

Researchers, including UC Davis postdoctoral student Jens Stevens, right, examine a site burned by 2007's Angora Fire. Their study found that as tree canopy is disturbed, southern plant species are moving in to replace the forest floor.
Credit: Andrew Latimer/UC Davis

As California wildfires burn tree canopies and the forest floors they support, the plants that are replacing the understory are increasingly those found in more southern areas of the West, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.

"The plants we're finding underneath our forests are becoming more like those seen in Mexico and Southern California," said lead author Jens Stevens, a postdoctoral scholar with the UC Davis John Muir Institute of the Environment. "Under climate change, we're seeing species from drier, warmer areas increasingly taking over. It's a long process, but forest disturbance, be it thinning or wildfire, has the potential to hasten those shifts."

For example, a forest floor strewn with lupine and violets--typically found in places like Northern California and Canada--may be replaced with flowers and shrubs more often seen in drier southern climates, such as manzanita and monkey flower.

THINNED FORESTS MORE RESILIENT

However, pockets of cooler microclimates remain in forests that were thinned before a wildfire occurred. These forests burned less hot and therefore left some tree canopy, allowing for both northern and southern plant species to coexist.

"A balance of open, intermediate and closed canopy across the landscape is good," Stevens said. "If you can increase microclimates, you can increase diversity."


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of California - Davis. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jens T. Stevens, Hugh D. Safford, Susan Harrison, Andrew M. Latimer. Forest disturbance accelerates thermophilization of understory plant communities. Journal of Ecology, 2015; DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12426

Cite This Page:

University of California - Davis. "As California wildfires burn, southern plant species are shifting northward: Forest thinning before wildfire increases diversity." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 August 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150810132122.htm>.
University of California - Davis. (2015, August 10). As California wildfires burn, southern plant species are shifting northward: Forest thinning before wildfire increases diversity. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150810132122.htm
University of California - Davis. "As California wildfires burn, southern plant species are shifting northward: Forest thinning before wildfire increases diversity." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150810132122.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

RELATED STORIES