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Wildflowers on farms -- not just crops -- can expose bees to neonicotinoids

Date:
October 21, 2015
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Since bee colonies started declining at alarming rates over the past few decades, some scientists have identified a group of pesticides called neonicotinoids that are commonly used on crops as a potential contributor. Now one team reports that bees could be getting an unexpected dose of neonicotinoids from wildflowers on farms. Their results suggest past studies may have underestimated the bees' exposure to these compounds.
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Since bee colonies started declining at alarming rates over the past few decades, some scientists have identified a group of pesticides called neonicotinoids that are commonly used on crops as a potential contributor. Now one team reports in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology that bees could be getting an unexpected dose of neonicotinoids from wildflowers on farms. Their results suggest past studies may have underestimated the bees' exposure to these compounds.

Scientists trying to close in on the causes of bee declines have identified a mix of pressures that could be to blame. Loss of habitats, and contact with parasites and neonicotinoids all have been cited as possible factors. Past research on neonicotinoids has focused mainly on bees' exposure through crops treated with the pesticides. But because several flowering plants grow naturally on farms, and farmers often sow wildflowers near fields to attract pollinators, Cristina Botías and colleagues suspected that they could be a missing piece of the puzzle.

The researchers analyzed pollen samples from plants growing in areas close to arable fields and from beehives on five farms in the U.K. They found that pollen from wildflowers growing in these locations often contains neonicotinoid residues. In addition, 97 percent of neonicotinoids in the pollen that bees brought back to honey bee hives was from wildflowers, which were not directly treated with the pesticides. They say that neonicotinoids are likely leaching through the soil and being taken up by the nearby wildflowers. The team says their results suggest that exposure is likely to be higher and more prolonged than currently recognized.


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Journal Reference:

  1. Cristina Botías, Arthur David, Julia Horwood, Alaa Abdul-Sada, Elizabeth Nicholls, Elizabeth Hill, Dave Goulson. Neonicotinoid Residues in Wildflowers, a Potential Route of Chronic Exposure for Bees. Environmental Science & Technology, 2015; 151016093630009 DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b03459

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Wildflowers on farms -- not just crops -- can expose bees to neonicotinoids." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 October 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/10/151021115128.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2015, October 21). Wildflowers on farms -- not just crops -- can expose bees to neonicotinoids. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 28, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/10/151021115128.htm
American Chemical Society. "Wildflowers on farms -- not just crops -- can expose bees to neonicotinoids." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/10/151021115128.htm (accessed May 28, 2017).

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