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Electrochemical etching down to one-monolayer towards high-Tc superconductivity

A new route for exploration of nontrivial physical phenomena at two-dimensional materials

Date:
November 4, 2015
Source:
Tohoku University
Summary:
Scientists have made a layer-by-layer etching in superconducting FeSe films down to approximately one-monolayer about 0.6 nm using classical electrochemical reaction in electric-double-layer transistor configuration.
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Iron selenide (FeSe) is an attracting superconducting material since the superconducting transition temperature (Tc) is enhanced from 8 K in bulk form toward 65 K in one-monolayer form.

However, systematic thickness dependence of electrical measurement has been difficult to address.

A team of researchers at Tohoku University's Institute for Materials Research (IMR), has realized layer-by-layer etching in superconducting FeSe films down to approximately one-monolayer about 0.6 nm using classical electrochemical reaction in electric-double-layer transistor configuration.

As the thickness of the films becomes thin, the superconducting transition temperature (Tc) is increased from bulk value (8 K) to about 40 K. In addition, the research group unveils that by combining with an electrostatic charging effect, the high-Tc transition can be induced in 10-nm thick condition (20 monolayers), which had been limited in one/two-monolayers so far.

The development of this etching technique will pave the way for the exploration of nontrivial physical phenomena in atomically thin two-dimensional films. This had previously been difficult to address by conventional methods.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Tohoku University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. J. Shiogai, Y. Ito, T. Mitsuhashi, T. Nojima, A. Tsukazaki. Electric-field-induced superconductivity in electrochemically etched ultrathin FeSe films on SrTiO3 and MgO. Nature Physics, 2015; DOI: 10.1038/nphys3530

Cite This Page:

Tohoku University. "Electrochemical etching down to one-monolayer towards high-Tc superconductivity: A new route for exploration of nontrivial physical phenomena at two-dimensional materials." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 November 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151104120757.htm>.
Tohoku University. (2015, November 4). Electrochemical etching down to one-monolayer towards high-Tc superconductivity: A new route for exploration of nontrivial physical phenomena at two-dimensional materials. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151104120757.htm
Tohoku University. "Electrochemical etching down to one-monolayer towards high-Tc superconductivity: A new route for exploration of nontrivial physical phenomena at two-dimensional materials." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151104120757.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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