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Researchers identify SH2 domains as lipid-binding modules for cell signaling

Date:
March 28, 2016
Source:
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH)
Summary:
Majority of human Src homology 2 (SH2) domains not only bind to proteins, but also interact with membrane lipids with high affinity and specificity. The SH2 domain-containing proteins play important roles in various physiological processes and are involved in cancer development. This study reveals how lipids control SH2 domain-mediated cellular protein interaction networks and suggests a new strategy for the therapeutic modulation of pY-signaling pathways.
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Prof. You-Me Kim and her student Dajung Jung at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), in collaboration with Prof. Wonhwa Cho's group at the University of Illinois at Chicago, have identified that the majority of human Src homology 2 (SH2) domains not only bind to proteins, but also interact with membrane lipids with high affinity and specificity. Their research was published in the online edition of Molecular Cell on March 24th.

The SH2 domain interacts with proteins and participates in intracellular signaling by binding to phosphortyrosine (pY) residues of partner proteins. Their mode of interaction with other proteins has been well characterized for a long time. Prof. Kim and her team found that the newly identified lipid binding by the SH2 domain is evolutionarily conserved, suggesting that the interaction serves as an important function for controlling intracellular signal transmission.

The SH2 domain-containing proteins play important roles in various physiological processes and are involved in cancer development. This study reveals how lipids control SH2 domain-mediated cellular protein interaction networks and suggests a new strategy for the therapeutic modulation of pY-signaling pathways. Specific inhibitors blocking the SH2 domain-lipid interaction can potentially be developed as an anti-cancer drug.


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Materials provided by Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Mi-Jeong Park, Ren Sheng, Antonina Silkov, Da-Jung Jung, Zhi-Gang Wang, Yao Xin, Hyunjin Kim, Pallavi Thiagarajan-Rosenkranz, Seohyeon Song, Youngdae Yoon, Wonhee Nam, Ilshin Kim, Eui Kim, Dong-Gyu Lee, Yong Chen, Indira Singaram, Li Wang, Myoung Ho Jang, Cheol-Sang Hwang, Barry Honig, Sungho Ryu, Justin Lorieau, You-Me Kim, Wonhwa Cho. SH2 Domains Serve as Lipid-Binding Modules for pTyr-Signaling Proteins. Molecular Cell, 2016; DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2016.01.027

Cite This Page:

Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH). "Researchers identify SH2 domains as lipid-binding modules for cell signaling." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 March 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160328095220.htm>.
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH). (2016, March 28). Researchers identify SH2 domains as lipid-binding modules for cell signaling. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160328095220.htm
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH). "Researchers identify SH2 domains as lipid-binding modules for cell signaling." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160328095220.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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