Genetics News
August 31, 2016

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More Genetics News
August 31, 2016

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

How Aged Wine Gets Its Aroma

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have discovered an enzyme that plays a leading role in the formation of compounds that give aged wines their sought-after ... read more

Probing How CRISPR-Cas9 Works

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study reveals important new details about the inner workings of the CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells that may have implications for the development of therapeutics that use the powerful gene ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — A research team has succeeded in developing 'Target-AID', a genome editing technique that does not cleave the DNA. The technique offers, through high-level editing operation, a method to ... read more

Solving a 48 Year Old Mystery: Scientists Grow Noroviruses in Human Intestinal Cell Cultures

Aug. 25, 2016 — For the first time, scientists have grown human noroviruses, the leading viral cause of acute diarrhea worldwide, in human intestinal cell cultures in the ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — The process of energy generation by mitochondria is closely tied to intracellular calcium regulation by a membrane gateway inside mitochondria known as the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). How MCU ... read more

New Small Molecule Compounds Could Treat Ebola Virus Infection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. The compounds could potentially be ... read more

A New Path for Killing Pathogenic Bacteria

Aug. 24, 2016 — Bacteria that cause tuberculosis, leprosy and other diseases, survive by switching between two different types of metabolism. Scientists have now discovered that this switch is controlled by a ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — In a heroic effort, researchers have now sequenced, assembled and analyzed the mutations in the genomes of 38 wild snub-nosed monkeys (from genome mapping of 42 individuals: 27 golden, four gray, two ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Scientists have unlocked a major genetic mystery of one of the ancestors of cultivated strawberry. A genetic analysis, which took four years to complete, aims to improve modern cultivation efforts of ... read more

Warbler Genomes Look to Be 99.97 Percent Alike

Aug. 23, 2016 — New research shows that, genetically speaking, blue-winged and golden-winged warblers are almost identical. Scientists behind the research say the main differences between the two species are in ... read more

Rising Temperatures Could Accelerate Radiation Induced DNA Effects in Marine Mussels

Aug. 23, 2016 — Increased sea temperatures could have a dramatic effect on radiation-induced damage in marine invertebrates, a new study ... read more

Cells' Steering Wheel: New Mechanism Clarifies How Cells Migrate

Aug. 22, 2016 — Similarly to cars, cells need a steering mechanism that guides them towards a certain target or direction. Scientists have discovered the function of a key protein involved in cells' movement ... read more

How Cell Nuclei Squeeze Into Tight Spaces

Aug. 22, 2016 — As cells move throughout our bodies, they often have to squeeze through tight nooks and crannies in their environment, reliably springing back to their original shape. The structures involved in this ... read more

Transcription Factor Foxn1 and Preserving Immune Function in Later Life

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers use new experimental models and analytical tools to investigate genes regulated by Foxn1, becoming the first to identify the DNA sequence bound by the transcription factor. Among the ... read more

Single-Celled Fungi Multiply, Alien-Like, by Fusing Cells in Host

Aug. 22, 2016 — Biologists report that microsporidia fuse the cells of their animal hosts together so they can multiply and quickly spread, alien-like, within their hosts' uninfected ... read more

Canine Hereditary Disorders Are More Widespread Than Previously Indicated

Aug. 22, 2016 — New research brings new information about genetic disorders causing diseases in different dog breeds. The results can be utilized both in dog breeding and veterinary ... read more

Aug. 19, 2016 — Researchers have discovered the same enzyme used by 'boneworms' to dissolve whale carcasses, and that helps promote photosynthesis in corals, also regulates blood pH in stingrays. The study ... read more

'Missing Evolutionary Link' of a Widely Used Natural Drug Source Found

Aug. 19, 2016 — A well-known family of natural compounds, called “terpenoids,” have a curious evolutionary origin. In particular, one question relevant to future drug discovery has puzzled scientists: exactly ... read more

Why Russian Tuberculosis Is the Most Infectious

Aug. 18, 2016 — Scientists conducted a large-scale analysis of the proteins and genomes of mycobacterium tuberculosis strains that are common in Russia and countries of the former Soviet Union and found features ... read more

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