Molecular Biology News
August 31, 2016

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More Molecular Biology News
August 31, 2016

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Probing How CRISPR-Cas9 Works

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study reveals important new details about the inner workings of the CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells that may have implications for the development of therapeutics that use the powerful gene ... read more

Solving a 48 Year Old Mystery: Scientists Grow Noroviruses in Human Intestinal Cell Cultures

Aug. 25, 2016 — For the first time, scientists have grown human noroviruses, the leading viral cause of acute diarrhea worldwide, in human intestinal cell cultures in the ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — The process of energy generation by mitochondria is closely tied to intracellular calcium regulation by a membrane gateway inside mitochondria known as the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). How MCU ... read more

New Small Molecule Compounds Could Treat Ebola Virus Infection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. The compounds could potentially be ... read more

A Brain Circuit to Push Past Nutritional Stress

Aug. 24, 2016 — Nutritional stress is a normal part of life; going hungry on a short-term basis generally does not impair important functions. The brain coordinates the response to nutritional stress but how it does ... read more

Cells' Steering Wheel: New Mechanism Clarifies How Cells Migrate

Aug. 22, 2016 — Similarly to cars, cells need a steering mechanism that guides them towards a certain target or direction. Scientists have discovered the function of a key protein involved in cells' movement ... read more

How Cell Nuclei Squeeze Into Tight Spaces

Aug. 22, 2016 — As cells move throughout our bodies, they often have to squeeze through tight nooks and crannies in their environment, reliably springing back to their original shape. The structures involved in this ... read more

Transcription Factor Foxn1 and Preserving Immune Function in Later Life

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers use new experimental models and analytical tools to investigate genes regulated by Foxn1, becoming the first to identify the DNA sequence bound by the transcription factor. Among the ... read more

Single-Celled Fungi Multiply, Alien-Like, by Fusing Cells in Host

Aug. 22, 2016 — Biologists report that microsporidia fuse the cells of their animal hosts together so they can multiply and quickly spread, alien-like, within their hosts' uninfected ... read more

Aug. 19, 2016 — Researchers have discovered the same enzyme used by 'boneworms' to dissolve whale carcasses, and that helps promote photosynthesis in corals, also regulates blood pH in stingrays. The study ... read more

Why Russian Tuberculosis Is the Most Infectious

Aug. 18, 2016 — Scientists conducted a large-scale analysis of the proteins and genomes of mycobacterium tuberculosis strains that are common in Russia and countries of the former Soviet Union and found features ... read more

In Cells, Some Oxidants Are Needed

Aug. 18, 2016 — Some studies are showing that reactive oxygen species (ROS) molecules sometimes can aid in maintaining health -- findings now boosted by a surprising discovery from the ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Researchers have identified the protein that norovirus uses to invade cells. Norovirus is the most common viral cause of diarrhea worldwide, but scientists still know little about how it infects ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Scientists have used CRISPR gene editing technology and live cell, single molecule microscopy to watch in real-time, for the first time, the essential interaction between telomerase and ... read more

Aug. 17, 2016 — In infection diseases, membrane fouling, interaction with bacteria, as well as in rapid healing of wounds for example, the way proteins interact with a surface plays an important role. On a surface, ... read more

Biophysics: Stopping the Random Walk

Aug. 17, 2016 — The cell's internal skeleton undergoes constant restructuring. Physicists now show that its associated proteins can be efficiently transported to their sites of action by diffusion -- provided ... read more

TERRA, the RNAs That Protect Telomeres

Aug. 17, 2016 — Despite their especially compact structure that is difficult to access, telomeres transcribe information like the rest of the DNA. The RNAs resulting from this process are called TERRA and their ... read more

New Discovery Increases Understanding of How Plants and Bacteria See Light

Aug. 16, 2016 — Plants, bacteria and fungi react to light with light-sensitive proteins. Scientists have now determined the inner workings of one of these ... read more

The Most Complete Catalog of Proteins in King Cobra Venom Yet

Aug. 15, 2016 — Seven milliliters of a king cobra’s venom can kill 20 people. But what exactly is in the snake’s venom? Researchers have pursued that question for ... read more

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