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Outdoor light has role in reducing short-sightedness in kids

Date:
April 6, 2016
Source:
Queensland University of Technology
Summary:
Increasing exposure to outdoor light is the key to reducing the myopia (short-sightedness) epidemic in children, according to ground-breaking research by Australian optometrists. Children need to spend more than an hour and preferably at least two hours a day outside to help prevent myopia from developing and progressing, say experts.
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Increasing exposure to outdoor light is the key to reducing the short-sightedness epidemic in children, according to ground-breaking research.
Credit: © Sergiy Bykhunenko / Fotolia

Increasing exposure to outdoor light is the key to reducing the myopia (short-sightedness) epidemic in children, according to ground-breaking research by Australian optometrists.

Optometrist and lead researcher on the project, Associate Professor Scott Read who is the director of research at QUT's School of Optometry and Vision Science, said children need to spend more than an hour and preferably at least two hours a day outside to help prevent myopia from developing and progressing.

Speaking at the Australian Vision Convention in Queensland on the weekend, Professor Read said it was not 'near work' on computer and other screens causing myopia, but a lack of adequate outdoor light.

"While screens are contributing to children spending more time indoors than in previous years, the research shows they are not the direct cause of the increased incidence of myopia," he said.

"Optometrists need to make their patients aware that less than 60 minutes' exposure to light outdoors per day is a risk factor for myopia.

"It looks like even for those with myopia already, increasing time outside is likely to reduce progression."

Optometry Australia president Kate Gifford said "this new finding is of significant importance in our endeavour to mitigate the growing rate of myopia in children."

In February, it was announced that half the world's population will be short-sighted by 2050 with many at risk of blindness.

The global study, published by the Brien Holden Vision Institute, forecasts that 10 per cent of the world's population will be at risk of blindness by 2050 if steps are not taken to stop myopia turning into high myopia (requiring glasses with a prescription of minus five or stronger).

The QUT study measured children's eye growth via study participants wearing wristwatch light sensors to record light exposure and physical activity for a fortnight during warmer then colder months to give an overall measurement of their typical light exposure.

"Children exposed to the least outdoor light had faster eye growth and hence faster myopia progression," Professor Read said.


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Materials provided by Queensland University of Technology. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


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Queensland University of Technology. "Outdoor light has role in reducing short-sightedness in kids." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 April 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160406124740.htm>.
Queensland University of Technology. (2016, April 6). Outdoor light has role in reducing short-sightedness in kids. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 25, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160406124740.htm
Queensland University of Technology. "Outdoor light has role in reducing short-sightedness in kids." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160406124740.htm (accessed May 25, 2017).

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