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Newly discovered material property may lead to high temp superconductivity

Date:
July 22, 2016
Source:
DOE/Ames Laboratory
Summary:
Researchers have discovered an unusual property of purple bronze that may point to new ways to achieve high temperature superconductivity.
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This image shows high-energy x-ray diffraction patterns of the reciprocal lattice plane (H?K?0). The CDW superstructure peaks are marked by blue arrows (logarithmic color scale).
Credit: U.S. Department of Energy, Ames Laboratory

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Ames Laboratory have discovered an unusual property of purple bronze that may point to new ways to achieve high temperature superconductivity.

While studying purple bronze, a molybdenum oxide, researchers discovered an unconventional charge density wave on its surface.

A charge density wave (CDW) is a state of matter where electrons bunch together in a repeating pattern, like a standing wave of surface of water. Superconductivity and charge density waves share a common origin, often co-exist, and can compete for dominance in certain materials.

Conventional CDWs and superconductivity both arise from electron-phonon interactions, the interaction of electrons with the vibrations of the crystal lattice. Electron-electron interactions are the likely origin of unconventional, high-temperature superconductivity such as found in copper- and iron-based compounds.

Unconventional, electron-electron driven CDW are extremely rare and its discovery here is important, because the material showed an 'extraordinary' increase of CDW transition temperature from 130K (-143°C) to 220K (-53 °C) and a huge increase of energy gap at the surface.

Both are properties essential for CDW and high-temperature superconductivity, explained Adam Kaminski, Ames Laboratory scientist and professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Iowa State University.

"This was an accidental but very exciting discovery," said Kaminski. "We were studying this material because its one-dimensional structure makes it quite interesting. We saw strange things happening to the electronic band structure, but when we looked at the surface we were stunned by extraordinary enhancement of transition temperature and energy gap."


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Materials provided by DOE/Ames Laboratory. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Daixiang Mou, A. Sapkota, H.-H. Kung, Viktor Krapivin, Yun Wu, A. Kreyssig, Xingjiang Zhou, A. I. Goldman, G. Blumberg, Rebecca Flint, Adam Kaminski. Discovery of an Unconventional Charge Density Wave at the Surface ofK0.9Mo6O17. Physical Review Letters, 2016; 116 (19) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.196401

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DOE/Ames Laboratory. "Newly discovered material property may lead to high temp superconductivity." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 July 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160722212251.htm>.
DOE/Ames Laboratory. (2016, July 22). Newly discovered material property may lead to high temp superconductivity. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 26, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160722212251.htm
DOE/Ames Laboratory. "Newly discovered material property may lead to high temp superconductivity." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160722212251.htm (accessed May 26, 2017).

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