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Wood burning releases high amounts of secondary organic aerosols

Current emission estimates too low

Date:
March 30, 2017
Source:
University of Eastern Finland
Summary:
Aerosol emissions from logwood combustion increase significantly when the emission ages in ambient air. A significant increase occurs already within three hours of aging, according to a new study. The emission increase was caused by the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) in which gaseous organic compounds, released during the combustion, oxidise and condense on aerosol particles. This observation is very important, because current emission inventories do not take SOA emissions into consideration at all.
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Aerosol emissions from logwood combustion increase significantly when the emission ages in ambient air. A significant increase occurs already within three hours of aging, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. The emission increase was caused by the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) in which gaseous organic compounds, released during the combustion, oxidise and condense on aerosol particles. This observation is very important, because current emission inventories do not take SOA emissions into consideration at all.

The analyses were carried out in the ILMARI research laboratory at the University of Eastern Finland in collaboration with the Finnish Meteorological Institute, and they constituted part of the activities of the European HICE Helmholtz Virtual Institute network. The laboratory experiments showed that plenty of organic gaseous compounds get released especially during the ignition and fuel addition phases in batch combustion, and these compounds form secondary aerosols in the atmosphere. Furthermore, the ignition method greatly impacts the emission level: a slower ignition significantly increased the emissions of organic compounds.

The researchers also found that there are differences in secondary emission levels during the day and night, and lower levels of SOA emissions formed during nighttime aging. However, a substantial fraction of the particulate emissions were organonitrates during nighttime aging experiments. Organonitrates are an important but so far poorly characterized nitrogen-containing chemical group in the atmosphere. Out of the nitrate compounds present in the atmospheric particle phase, 34-44 per cent are organonitrates. A detailed analysis of the emission aging process in a smog chamber revealed that the majority of primary organic aerosols (POA) released during wood combustion oxidized during their atmospheric aging, unlike previously thought.

The transformation process during aerosol aging is important when considering the health and climatic effects of emissions, and these changes are currently being studied by an international multidisciplinary research network.


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Materials provided by University of Eastern Finland. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Petri Tiitta, Ari Leskinen, Liqing Hao, Pasi Yli-Pirilä, Miika Kortelainen, Julija Grigonyte, Jarkko Tissari, Heikki Lamberg, Anni Hartikainen, Kari Kuuspalo, Aki-Matti Kortelainen, Annele Virtanen, Kari E. J. Lehtinen, Mika Komppula, Simone Pieber, André S. H. Prévôt, Timothy B. Onasch, Douglas R. Worsnop, Hendryk Czech, Ralf Zimmermann, Jorma Jokiniemi, Olli Sippula. Transformation of logwood combustion emissions in a smog chamber: formationof secondary organic aerosol and changes in the primary organic aerosol upondaytime and nighttime aging. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2016; 16 (20): 13251 DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-13251-2016

Cite This Page:

University of Eastern Finland. "Wood burning releases high amounts of secondary organic aerosols: Current emission estimates too low." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 March 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170330132816.htm>.
University of Eastern Finland. (2017, March 30). Wood burning releases high amounts of secondary organic aerosols: Current emission estimates too low. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 28, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170330132816.htm
University of Eastern Finland. "Wood burning releases high amounts of secondary organic aerosols: Current emission estimates too low." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170330132816.htm (accessed May 28, 2017).

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