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Art of paper-cutting inspires self-charging paper device

Date:
April 12, 2017
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Despite the many advances in portable electronic devices, one thing remains constant: the need to plug them into a wall socket to recharge. Now researchers have developed a light-weight, paper-based device inspired by the Chinese and Japanese arts of paper-cutting that can harvest and store energy from body movements.
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Researchers have developed a paper-based device inspired by the Chinese and Japanese arts of paper-cutting that can harvest and store energy from body movements.
Credit: American Chemical Society

Despite the many advances in portable electronic devices, one thing remains constant: the need to plug them into a wall socket to recharge. Now researchers, reporting in the journal ACS Nano, have developed a light-weight, paper-based device inspired by the Chinese and Japanese arts of paper-cutting that can harvest and store energy from body movements.

Portable electronic devices, such as watches, hearing aids and heart monitors, often require only a little energy. They usually get that power from conventional rechargeable batteries. But Zhong Lin Wang, Chenguo Hu and colleagues wanted to see if they could untether our small energy needs from the wall socket by harvesting energy from a user's body movements. Wang and others have been working on this approach in recent years, creating triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) that can harness the mechanical energy all around us, such as that created by our footsteps, and then use it to power portable electronics. But most TENG devices take several hours to charge small electronics, such as a sensor, and they're made of acrylic, which is heavy.

So the researchers turned to an ultra-light, rhombic paper-cut design a few inches long and covered it with different materials to turn it into a power unit. The four outer sides, made of gold- and graphite-coated sand paper, comprised the device's energy-storing supercapacitor element. The inner surfaces, made of paper and coated in gold and a fluorinated ethylene propylene film, comprised the TENG energy harvester. Pressing and releasing it over just a few minutes charged the device to 1 volt, which was enough to power a remote control, temperature sensor or a watch.


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Materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Hengyu Guo, Min-Hsin Yeh, Yunlong Zi, Zhen Wen, Jie Chen, Guanlin Liu, Chenguo Hu, Zhong Lin Wang. Ultralight Cut-Paper-Based Self-Charging Power Unit for Self-Powered Portable Electronic and Medical Systems. ACS Nano, 2017; DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b00866

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Art of paper-cutting inspires self-charging paper device." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 April 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170412091118.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2017, April 12). Art of paper-cutting inspires self-charging paper device. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 25, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170412091118.htm
American Chemical Society. "Art of paper-cutting inspires self-charging paper device." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170412091118.htm (accessed May 25, 2017).

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