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Children conceived after fertility treatments are at increased risk for pediatric cancers

Study conducted by Ben-Gurion University and Soroka University Medical Center

Date:
April 25, 2017
Source:
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Summary:
Researchers have found that babies born from mothers who underwent fertility treatments are at increased risk of developing many types of pediatric cancers and tumors (neoplasms).
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Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers have found that babies born from mothers who underwent fertility treatments are at increased risk of developing many types of pediatric cancers and tumors (neoplasms).

According to the American Cancer Society, the most common pediatric neoplasms are leukemia, brain and spinal cord tumors, neuroblastomas, Wilms tumors, and lymphoma, including both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin.

The study, published in the March issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, was a population-based cohort analysis of babies born between 1991 and 2013 at Soroka University Medical Center in Beer-Sheva, Israel, with follow-up to age 18.

"In Israel, all fertility interventions, which include in vitro fertilization (IVF) and ovulation induction (OI), are fully covered by insurance, enabling citizens of all backgrounds access to these treatments," says Prof. Eyal Sheiner, M.D., Ph.D., vice dean of the BGU Faculty of Health Sciences (FOHS), member of its Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and a physician at Soroka.

Of the 242,187 newborn infants in the study, 237,863 (98.3 percent) were conceived spontaneously; 2,603 (1.1 percent) were conceived after in vitro fertilization, and 1,721 (0.7 percent) were conceived after ovulation induction treatments.

During the follow-up period of approximately 10.6 years, 1,498 neoplasms (0.6 percent) were diagnosed. The incidence rate for neoplasms was highest among children either after IVF (1.5/1000) and somewhat lower for OI births (1.0/1000) as compared to that of naturally conceived children (.59/1000).

"The research concludes that the association between IVF and total pediatric neoplasms and malignancies is significant," Prof. Sheiner says. "With increasing numbers of offspring conceived after fertility treatments, it is important to follow up on their health."

Other researchers who participated in the study include Prof. Tamar Weinstock, Prof. Ilana Shoham-Vardi and Ruslan Sergienko, BGU Department of Public Health; Dr. Daniella Landau, BGU Department of Pediatrics; Drs. Ari Harlev and Asnat Walfisch, BGU Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; and Dr. Idit Segal, Israel Ministry of Health.


Story Source:

Materials provided by American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Tamar Wainstock, Asnat Walfisch, Ilana Shoham-Vardi, Idit Segal, Avi Harlev, Ruslan Sergienko, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner. Fertility treatments and pediatric neoplasms of the offspring: results of a population-based cohort with a median follow-up of 10 years. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2017; 216 (3): 314.e1 DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2017.01.015

Cite This Page:

American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. "Children conceived after fertility treatments are at increased risk for pediatric cancers: Study conducted by Ben-Gurion University and Soroka University Medical Center." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 April 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170425092239.htm>.
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. (2017, April 25). Children conceived after fertility treatments are at increased risk for pediatric cancers: Study conducted by Ben-Gurion University and Soroka University Medical Center. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 22, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170425092239.htm
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. "Children conceived after fertility treatments are at increased risk for pediatric cancers: Study conducted by Ben-Gurion University and Soroka University Medical Center." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170425092239.htm (accessed May 22, 2017).

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