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High burden of traumatic brain injuries in the EU and China

Date:
July 11, 2017
Source:
PLOS
Summary:
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health threat contributing to mortality and morbidity around the world, according to two new studies.
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health threat contributing to mortality and morbidity around the world, according to two studies published in PLOS Medicine that quantify the burden of TBI on the populations of Europe and China, respectively.

In the first study, Marek Majdan of Trnava University, Slovakia, and colleagues calculated the Years of Life Lost (YLL) due to TBI for 16 European countries. Using data acquired from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, the researchers found that a total of 17,049 TBI deaths occurred in the countries in 2013, translating into 374,636 YLL. Each TBI death was, on average, associated with 24.3 YLL and the summary rate was 259.1 TBI YLL per 100,000 people (95% CI: 205.8 to 312.3). Males accounted for significantly more TBI YLL than females (82% of all TBI YLL, a rate ratio 3.24, 95% CI: 3.24 to 3.27). Falls and traffic accidents were the most common external cause of TBI YLL. Extrapolating the numbers to the entire EU, about 1.3 million YLL were attributable to TBI in 2013.

"We believe this information could facilitate policy makers in tailoring preventive action so that the respective measures are targeted to the high-risk populations," the researchers say. "Communicating the implications of TBI deaths using YLLs as a measure (rather than numbers of deaths) may help the general public to better grasp the magnitude of the problem, and could help to raise awareness about TBI as a major public health problem in general."

In the second study, Maigeng Zhou of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and Guoqing Hu of the Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, China, and colleagues describe TBI mortality differences by sex, location and cause from 2006 to 2013 in China, using data from the China National Disease Surveillance Points system and the 2010 national census. The researchers found that age-adjusted TBI mortality increased from 13.23 per 100,000 population in 2006 to 17.06 per 100,000 population in 2008 and then fell slightly to 12.99 per 100,000 population in 2013. Males and rural residents had higher TBI mortality risk (rate ratios of 2.57 and 1.71) and the risk also increased with age. Motor vehicle crashes and falls were the leading causes of TBI mortality during the study timeframe, with pedestrians and motorcyclists being common victims.

"Future research should explore reasons for the particularly high risk of TBI mortality among particular populations, as well as for recent increases in certain subgroups," the researchers say. "In particular, evidence-based prevention, response, and treatment interventions for TBI... should be translated to Chinese culture and implemented nationwide."


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Materials provided by PLOS. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal References:

  1. Marek Majdan, Dominika Plancikova, Andrew Maas, Suzanne Polinder, Valery Feigin, Alice Theadom, Martin Rusnak, Alexandra Brazinova, Juanita Haagsma. Years of life lost due to traumatic brain injury in Europe: A cross-sectional analysis of 16 countries. PLOS Medicine, 2017; 14 (7): e1002331 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002331
  2. Peixia Cheng, Peng Yin, Peishan Ning, Lijun Wang, Xunjie Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C. Schwebel, Jiangmei Liu, Jinlei Qi, Guoqing Hu, Maigeng Zhou. Trends in traumatic brain injury mortality in China, 2006–2013: A population-based longitudinal study. PLOS Medicine, 2017; 14 (7): e1002332 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002332

Cite This Page:

PLOS. "High burden of traumatic brain injuries in the EU and China." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 July 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170711141413.htm>.
PLOS. (2017, July 11). High burden of traumatic brain injuries in the EU and China. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 16, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170711141413.htm
PLOS. "High burden of traumatic brain injuries in the EU and China." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170711141413.htm (accessed July 16, 2024).

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