Neuroscience News
August 29, 2016

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August 29, 2016

Stiff Arteries Linked With Memory Problems, Mouse Study Suggests

Aug. 26, 2016 — Using a new mouse model, researchers have found that stiffer arteries can also negatively affect memory and other critical brain processes. The findings may eventually reveal how arterial stiffness ... read more

Sights Set on the Next Generation of Shuttle Peptides to Target the Brain

Aug. 26, 2016 — There is a new and emerging field of drug transporters that have the capacity to reach the brain more efficiently, say researchers, bringing together chemistry, pharmacy and ... read more

Scientists Shed New Light on the Role of Calcium in Learning, Memory

Aug. 26, 2016 — While calcium’s importance for our bones and teeth is well known, its role in neurons—in particular, its effects on processes such as learning and memory—has been less well defined. A new study ... read more

Neuroscientists Stand Up for Basic Cell Biology Research

Aug. 25, 2016 — Clinical trials and translational medicine have certainly given people hope and rapid pathways to cures for some of humankind's most troublesome diseases, but now is not the time to overlook the ... read more

How PSD Forms and Why Defects Can Cause Autism

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists have discovered that SynGAP and PSD-95, two abundance proteins in PSD that are known to cause autism when mutated, can form an autonomously assembled network structure both in test-tube ... read more

Opioid Receptors Outside the Brain Targeted in Rats; New Direction for Painkillers

Aug. 25, 2016 — Opioid abuse is a growing public health crisis, affecting up to 36 million people worldwide. Many of these individuals first get hooked on prescription painkillers that target mu opioid receptors in ... read more

New Mouse Model of Zika Sexual Transmission Shows Spread to Fetal Brain

Aug. 25, 2016 — The Zika virus, commonly transmitted through a bite from an infected mosquito, is also capable of leaping from person to person through sexual transmission. However, the mechanisms Zika uses to ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists are testing a drug that could boost levels of critical protective protein in brain. In the study, the team conducted tests in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by raising the ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Researchers have revealed that microglia -- cells involved in immune functions in the brain -- also influence brain connectivity and formation of new links between neurons in the developing brain. By ... read more

Zika Virus Detected in Newborn Until 2 Months After Birth

Aug. 24, 2016 — Researchers outline the case of a baby born with Zika infection in January 2016, who remained infected by the virus even two months and one week after birth. This is the first reported case of ... read more

We Are All 'Wired' for Addiction, Says Researcher

Aug. 24, 2016 — Drug addicts and non-addicts may have more in common than ever thought, according to a researcher who found that to some degree, everyone’s brain is “wired” to become ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — New research suggests there may be some truth to the belief that marijuana use causes laziness -- at least in ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — A new study found that adult rats with disruptions in their social hierarchy produced far fewer new neurons, and reacted to the surrounding upheaval by favoring the company of familiar rats. The ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — A smart helmet that can help diagnose concussions in football players is being developed by medical students. Using the smart helmet, the team hopes players of all ages will be taken off the field ... read more

Concussions and Brain Injury: Can Omega-3 Intake Aid in Brain Health Recovery?

Aug. 24, 2016 — The treatment of concussions and traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a clinical challenge. Clinical studies thus far have failed to identify an effective treatment strategy when a combination of targets ... read more

New Research Shows Impact of Crohn's Disease on Brain Function

Aug. 24, 2016 — Crohn's disease sufferers experience slower response times than matched individuals that do not have the disease, new research ... read more

Scientists Identify Spark Plug That Ignites Nerve Cell Demise in ALS

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have pinpointed an enzyme that triggers rapid demise of nerve cells in people with ALS. The research team describes a molecular chain of events that culminates in the stripping of the ... read more

How Do Antidepressants Trigger Fear and Anxiety?

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have mapped out a serotonin-driven anxiety circuit that may explain 'anxiety' side effect of antidepressants. More than 100 million people worldwide take selective serotonin ... read more

Childhood Head Injury Linked to Higher Risk of Poor Adult Mental Health and Life Chances

Aug. 24, 2016 — Childhood brain injuries, including concussions, are associated with an increased risk of subsequent mental illness, poor school attainment and premature death, according to a new ... read more

In Some Genetic Cases of Microcephaly, Stem Cells Fail to Launch

Aug. 24, 2016 — In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the ... read more

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