Neuroscience News
May 26, 2016

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May 26, 2016

May 26, 2016 — Not all habits are bad. Some are even necessary. But inability to switch from acting habitually to acting in a deliberate way can underlie addiction and obsessive compulsive disorders. Working with a ... read more

Anemia Negatively Affects Recovery from Traumatic Brain Injuries

May 25, 2016 — Approximately half of patients hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries are anemic, according to recent studies, but anemia's effects on the recovery of these patients is not clear. Now, ... read more

Investigating How 'Chemo Brain' Develops in Cancer Patients

May 25, 2016 — During and after chemotherapy, many cancer patients describe feeling a mental fog, a condition that has been dubbed 'chemo brain.' Why this happens is unclear, but researchers have found a ... read more

What Can Pavlov's Dogs Tell Us About Drinking?

May 25, 2016 — Pavlovian cues that predict alcohol can lead us toward addiction. And sometimes those cues can become desirable in and of themselves, as shown in a new ... read more

Will Heart Medication Help Treat Alzheimer's Disease?

May 25, 2016 — Heart medication reduces the build-up of plaque in the brain’s blood vessels in mice, new research shows. The question is if this is true also in humans; if the answer is yes, it might bring ... read more

Speech-Language Pathologists Can Help Kids Who Struggle to Read

May 25, 2016 — Classroom teachers may not employ the strategies that can help students master complex written language, according to speech-language pathology ... read more

Zika Virus May Be Linked to More Eye Problems in Brazilian Babies With Microcephaly

May 25, 2016 — Researchers studying babies with a Zika virus-related birth defect say they have found previously unreported eye problems possibly linked to the virus. In three Brazilian infants with microcephaly, ... read more

Distinguishing Differences in Dementia Using Brain Scans

May 24, 2016 — Neuroscientists are now able to distinguish two different forms of dementia using advanced imaging techniques. This is the first step towards early recognition of dementia in patients on the basis of ... read more

PET Imaging With Special Tracer Can Detect, Diagnose Early Alzheimer's Disease

May 24, 2016 — Recognizing that the use of biomarkers has led to advances in the detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD), researchers reviewed a PET amyloid imaging agent, finding that imaging with PiB provides ... read more

May 24, 2016 — Researchers have designed a new computational model to study how nerve cells in the visual cortex process natural stimuli. At any given moment, the neuronal circuits in the brain receive and process ... read more

May 23, 2016 — Even before infants understand their first words, they have already begun to link language and thought. Listening to language boosts infant cognition. New evidence provides even greater insight into ... read more

Are Childhood Stroke Outcomes Associated With BP, Blood Glucose, Temperature?

May 23, 2016 — Infarct (tissue damage) volume and hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) were associated with poor neurological outcomes after childhood stroke but hypertension and fever were not, according to a new ... read more

May 23, 2016 — Every day humans and animals face ambiguous circumstances. If we become sick after eating, we blame the food; however, if we then fall ill without having eaten that food, the causal link becomes ... read more

Flu Vaccination Associated With Lower Dementia Risk in Patients With Heart Failure

May 23, 2016 — Influenza vaccination is associated with a lower risk of dementia in patients with heart failure, according to a new study in more than 20,000 ... read more

May 21, 2016 — A study using nanotechnology to treat brain tumors got such good results, the researchers initially questioned themselves. But further testing showed the results held ... read more

May 19, 2016 — A type of brain cell known as microglia plays a key role in reducing the effects of cocaine in the brain, according to a new major study. The discovery establishes for the first time that microglia ... read more

Trapping Individual Cell Types in the Mouse Brain

May 19, 2016 — A new approach for genetically identifying and manipulating mouse brain cell types has been identified by ... read more

Brain Scans of Dementia Patients With Coprophagia Showed Neurodegeneration

May 19, 2016 — Coprophagia, eating one's feces, is common in animals but rarely seen in humans. Now researchers have reviewed the cases of a dozen adult patients diagnosed with coprophagia over the past 20 ... read more

Resistance Mechanism of Aggressive Brain Tumors Revealed

May 19, 2016 — Brain tumors subject to therapy can become resistant to it through interactions with their tumor microenvironment rather than because of anything intrinsic about the tumor itself, a new study in mice ... read more

May 19, 2016 — Studying fruit flies, whose sleep is remarkably similar to that in people, researchers say they've identified brain cells that are responsible for why delaying bedtime creates chronic ... read more

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