Human Biology News
May 31, 2016

Latest Headlines
updated 11:30pm EDT

More Human Biology News
May 31, 2016

Connections Between Gut Microbiota and the Brain

May 29, 2016 — Intestinal bacteria that can boost bravery or trigger multiple sclerosis: An increasing body of research results confirms the importance of the “gut-brain axis” for neurology and indicates that ... read more

May 27, 2016 — Creating transgenic mice, while critical to biomedical research, is laborious and expensive, despite improvements since the advent of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing. Now, biologists have invented a ... read more

May 27, 2016 — A genetic variant in the 5q11 chromosome, which is associated with susceptibility to developing multiple sclerosis, greatly regulates a gene known as ANKRD55, researchers have discovered. Multiple ... read more

May 27, 2016 — By increasing the level of a specific microRNA (miRNA) molecule, researchers have for the first time restored chemotherapy sensitivity in vitro to a line of human pancreatic cancer cells that had ... read more

May 27, 2016 — Skin, eye and hair pigmentation requires a delicate balance of acidity within the cellular compartments where melanin is made -- that balance is partly regulated, scientists now know, by a protein ... read more

New Study Uncovers Mechanisms Underlying How Diabetes Damages the Heart

May 26, 2016 — Cardiac complications are the number one cause of death among diabetics. Now a team of scientists has uncovered a molecular mechanism involved in a common form of heart damage found in people with ... read more

May 26, 2016 — By using the gene editing tool CRISPR to create unique genetic 'barcodes,' it's possible to track the lineage of cells in a living organism, a new study ... read more

May 26, 2016 — Gene transcription is the process by which DNA is copied and synthesized as messenger RNA (mRNA) -- which delivers its genetic blueprints to the cell's protein-making machinery. Now researchers ... read more

May 26, 2016 — Researchers have inadvertently found a way to make human muscle cells bearing genetic mutations from people with Duchenne muscular ... read more

Genes That Increase Children's Risk of Blood Infection Identified

May 26, 2016 — Genes that make certain children more susceptible to invasive bacterial infections have been identified by performing a large genome-wide association study in African ... read more

Scientists Discover Mechanism That Turns Mutant Cells Into Aggressive Cancers

May 26, 2016 — Scientists have caught a cancer-causing mutation in the act. A new study shows how a gene mutation found in several human cancers, including leukemia, gliomas and melanoma, promotes the growth of ... read more

Researchers Link Gene Expression Patterns of Normal Tissue to Breast Cancer Prognosis

May 26, 2016 — Researchers have identified a particular gene expression pattern in normal-appearing breast tissue around tumors that was linked to lower 10-year survival rates for women with estrogen ... read more

First Large-Scale Proteogenomic Study of Breast Cancer Provides Insight Into Potential Therapeutic Targets

May 25, 2016 — A new study integrates genomic and proteomic data to yield a more complete picture of cancer biology than either analysis could do alone, report ... read more

May 25, 2016 — Neuroscientists have found that loss of the autism-linked Shank gene prevents brain synapses from maturing, in a study of fruit flies. Many genetic variants have been linked to autism, but only a ... read more

Fixing Cystic Fibrosis: In Vitro Studies Show Therapeutically Robust Correction of the Most Common CF Gene Mutation

May 25, 2016 — In experiments with isolated cystic fibrosis lung cells, researchers have partially restored the lost function of those cells to therapeutic ... read more

Consumer Knowledge Gap on Genetically Modified Food

May 25, 2016 — While consumers are aware of genetically modified crops and food, their knowledge level is limited and often at odds with the facts, according to a newly published ... read more

Understanding the Underlying Mechanisms That Lead to Psoriasis

May 25, 2016 — Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition that affects some 125 million people worldwide. It is characterized by itchy, scaly skin plaques. The exact cause of psoriasis is unclear. But mounting ... read more

New Study Surveys Genetic Changes Linked With Parkinson's Disease

May 24, 2016 — The genetic modifications associated with the development of Parkinson's disease (PD) and PD-associated dementia has been the focus of recent research, which is bringing new investigative tools ... read more

Do DNA Repairs Full of Mistakes Develop Into Cancer?

May 24, 2016 — If DNA damage response (DDR) does not work when DNA is damaged by radiation, proteins which should be removed remain instead, and a loss of genetic information can be incited, which, when repaired ... read more

Research Points to Possible New Prevention Strategies for Ovarian Cancer

May 24, 2016 — The discovery of early changes in the cells of the Fallopian tubes of women carrying the BRCA genetic mutation could open the way for new preventative strategies for ovarian cancer, reducing the need ... read more

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