Human Biology News
July 27, 2016

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July 27, 2016

Severity of Enzyme Deficiency Central to Favism

July 26, 2016 — The congenital disease favism causes sickness and even jaundice in patients after they consume beans. The culprit is a particular enzyme deficiency, which destroys the red blood cells. Scientists ... read more

Cells from Same Cell Bank Lots May Have Vast Genetic Variability

July 26, 2016 — In a surprise finding, researchers working with breast cancer cells purchased at the same time from the same cell bank discovered that the cells responded differently to chemicals, even though the ... read more

Transcriptome Differences in Prostate Cancer Highlight Racial Disparities, Vitamin D

July 25, 2016 — Investigators report clinical research showing that African-American and European-American men with prostate cancer exhibit significantly different expression of genes associated with immune response ... read more

New Gene Variants Present in Three Percent of All ALS Patients

July 25, 2016 — Variations in a gene with multiple functions in neurons are present in approximately 3 percent of all cases of ALS in North American and European populations, both sporadic and familial, making it ... read more

DNA Sequencing Uncovers Latent Risk for Developing Cystic Fibrosis

July 25, 2016 — All babies with a known mutation for cystic fibrosis (CF) and second mutation called the 5T allele should receive additional screening in order to better predict the risk of developing CF later in ... read more

Sub-Set of Stem Cells Found to Minimize Risks When Used to Treat Damaged Hearts

July 25, 2016 — Scientists use mathematical modeling to simulate human mesenchymal stem cell delivery to a damaged heart and found that using one sub-set of these stem cells minimizes the risks associated with this ... read more

Novel Technique to 'Taste' DNA

July 25, 2016 — Scientists have demonstrated for the first time that it is possible to selectively sequence fragments of DNA in real time, greatly reducing the time needed to analyze biological ... read more

Newly Found, 'Thrifty' Genetic Variant Influences Samoan Obesity

July 25, 2016 — A genetic variant that affects energy metabolism and fat storage partly explains why Samoans have among the world's highest levels of obesity, a new study ... read more

July 25, 2016 — Researchers have developed the Human SRMAtlas, a compendium of mass spectrometry assays for any human protein. ISB releases protein assay parameters freely to the scientific community for the ability ... read more

Mice Survive Brain Cancer Tumors Lacking Key Surface Proteins

July 22, 2016 — A new scientific study has characterized a checkpoint protein that allows certain brain tumor cells to avoid the immune ... read more

July 22, 2016 — Scientists have reported a detailed description of how function-impairing mutations in polr1c and polr1d genes cause Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS), a rare congenital craniofacial development ... read more

Genes Find Their Partners Without Matchmakers

July 22, 2016 — A new study provides more evidence that identical sections of DNA can match up with each other without the help of other ... read more

July 22, 2016 — Bacteria resistance to antibiotics can be offset by combining three antibiotics that interact well together, even when none of the individual three, nor pairs among them, might be very effective in ... read more

July 21, 2016 — A team of researchers have unveiled an engineered protein that they designed to repress a specific cancer-promoting message within ... read more

July 21, 2016 — A new study of the gut microbiomes of humans, chimps, bonobos and gorillas shows that at least two major groups of bacteria have cospeciated with these hosts, with a lineage going back at least 15 ... read more

Scientists Untangle Barr Body of Inactive X Chromosome

July 21, 2016 — Scientists have taken a detailed look inside the small, densely packed structure of the inactive X chromosome found in female mammals called the Barr ... read more

Gene Controls Regeneration of Injured Muscle by Adult Stem Cells

July 21, 2016 — A key gene enables the repair of injured muscle throughout life, according to a study in mice. The study results further suggest that this "overlooked" gene may play an important role in ... read more

July 21, 2016 — In an effort to expand the number of cancer gene mutations that can be specifically targeted with personalized therapies, researchers looked for combinations of mutated genes and drugs that together ... read more

New Intellectual Disability Syndrome Caused by Genetic Damage to Single Gene

July 21, 2016 — Scientists have found a gene responsible for an intellectual disability disorder and proven how it works. The research, details the role of a gene called BCL11A in a new intellectual disability ... read more

Algorithm Characterizes How Cancer Genomes Get Scrambled

July 21, 2016 — A new method for analyzing the scrambled genomes of cancer cells gives researchers for the first time the ability to simultaneously identify two different types of genetic changes associated with ... read more

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