Human Biology News
August 25, 2016

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updated 11:31am EDT

More Human Biology News
August 25, 2016

Transcription Factor Foxn1 and Preserving Immune Function in Later Life

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers use new experimental models and analytical tools to investigate genes regulated by Foxn1, becoming the first to identify the DNA sequence bound by the transcription factor. Among the ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — In doses equivalent to those used regularly in human children, antibiotics changed the mix of gut microbes in young mice to dramatically increase their risk for type 1 ... read more

Two Key Proteins Preserve Vital Genetic Information

Aug. 22, 2016 — New research demonstrates how two key proteins mediate the organization of chromosomes and our genome, shedding light on one of the key genetic processes for every person. With this key basic ... read more

Aug. 19, 2016 — There are a couple strains of herpes so common that researchers estimate 90% of the human population have them. These strains, human herpes 6 and human herpes 7, usually do not cause severe symptoms ... read more

Fruit Flies Could Be Key to Fighting Cervical Cancer Caused by Human Papillomavirus

Aug. 18, 2016 — HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the US and has been identified as a cause of cancer in women. A team of researchers has completed studies on fruit flies with a ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Researchers have identified the protein that norovirus uses to invade cells. Norovirus is the most common viral cause of diarrhea worldwide, but scientists still know little about how it infects ... read more

Uncovering a New Pathway to Halting Metastasis

Aug. 18, 2016 — New research could lead to new therapies to treat patients who suffer from metastatic disease, report scientists. Metastasis, the process by which cancer cells leave the primary tumor and spread to ... read more

New Strategy to Reverse the Disease Dyskeratosis Congenita

Aug. 18, 2016 — A link between telomeres and a molecular signaling cascade called the Wnt pathway has been identified by researchers, which may point to a treatment option for dyskeratosis congenita patients. ... read more

Unexplained Developmental Disorder Linked to Gene Involved in Essential Cellular Processes

Aug. 18, 2016 — A neurodevelopmental disorder for which there was no known cause has been linked to SON, a gene that is involved in essential mechanisms a cell uses to translate DNA into protein, as well as in DNA ... read more

Heart Muscle Made from Stem Cells Aid Precision Cardiovascular Medicine, Study Shows

Aug. 18, 2016 — Heart muscle cells made from induced pluripotent stem cells faithfully mirror the expression patterns of key genes in the donor's native heart tissue, according to researchers. As a result, the ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Structural biologists provide a new explanation for how ALS-associated genetic flaws interfere with the proper function and behavior of the protein ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Scientists have used CRISPR gene editing technology and live cell, single molecule microscopy to watch in real-time, for the first time, the essential interaction between telomerase and ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — There are four globally endemic human coronaviruses which, together with the better known rhinoviruses, are responsible for causing common colds. Usually, infections with these viruses are harmless ... read more

Genetic Tests for Potentially Fatal Heart Anomaly Can Misdiagnose Condition in Black Americans

Aug. 17, 2016 — Researchers trace the roots of this diagnostic disparity to the lack of racial diversity in decades-old studies that misidentified benign genetic variants as disease causing. Benign variants on genes ... read more

Of Mice and Muscles: How Do Athletes Endure Their Grueling Runs, Swims, and Rides?

Aug. 17, 2016 — As the Rio Olympic Games continue, many armchair spectators of the Games may be wondering: How do those athletes endure their grueling runs, swims, and ... read more

Aug. 17, 2016 — Scientists reveal why people with the ApoE4 gene are more susceptible to Alzheimer's disease. Late-onset Alzheimer's disease--the subset of the disorder occurring in people age 65 and ... read more

Normalizing Tumor Oxygen Supply Could Be Key Factor in the Fight Against Cancer

Aug. 17, 2016 — The lack of oxygen in tumor cells changes the cells' gene expression, thereby contributing to the growth of cancer, suggest researchers. The findings are far-reaching, as the study also proved ... read more

Can't Stand the Heat? Study Reveals How We Figure out If We're Too Hot

Aug. 17, 2016 — With temperatures soaring, our ability to detect and avoid places that are too warm is vital for regulating our body temperature. However, until now, little was known about the molecular mechanisms ... read more

Unveiled: Earth's Viral Diversity

Aug. 17, 2016 — Plumbing Earth's microbial diversity requires learning more about the poorly-studied relationships between microbes and the viruses that infect them, impacting their abilities to regulate global ... read more

Curbing the Life-Long Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury

Aug. 17, 2016 — A fall down the stairs, a car crash, a sports injury or an explosive blast can all cause traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients often recover. But in the days or weeks following the hit, they can ... read more

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