Human Biology News
August 24, 2016

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More Human Biology News
August 24, 2016

New Zika Clone Could Be New Model for Developing Vaccine

Aug. 23, 2016 — Stopping the explosive spread of Zika virus -- which can lead to birth defects in babies born to infected mothers -- depends on genetic insights gleaned through new tools and models. Researchers ... read more

Uncovering a New Pathway to Halting Metastasis

Aug. 18, 2016 — New research could lead to new therapies to treat patients who suffer from metastatic disease, report scientists. Metastasis, the process by which cancer cells leave the primary tumor and spread to ... read more

New Strategy to Reverse the Disease Dyskeratosis Congenita

Aug. 18, 2016 — A link between telomeres and a molecular signaling cascade called the Wnt pathway has been identified by researchers, which may point to a treatment option for dyskeratosis congenita patients. ... read more

Unexplained Developmental Disorder Linked to Gene Involved in Essential Cellular Processes

Aug. 18, 2016 — A neurodevelopmental disorder for which there was no known cause has been linked to SON, a gene that is involved in essential mechanisms a cell uses to translate DNA into protein, as well as in DNA ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Structural biologists provide a new explanation for how ALS-associated genetic flaws interfere with the proper function and behavior of the protein ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Scientists have used CRISPR gene editing technology and live cell, single molecule microscopy to watch in real-time, for the first time, the essential interaction between telomerase and ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — There are four globally endemic human coronaviruses which, together with the better known rhinoviruses, are responsible for causing common colds. Usually, infections with these viruses are harmless ... read more

Genetic Tests for Potentially Fatal Heart Anomaly Can Misdiagnose Condition in Black Americans

Aug. 17, 2016 — Researchers trace the roots of this diagnostic disparity to the lack of racial diversity in decades-old studies that misidentified benign genetic variants as disease causing. Benign variants on genes ... read more

Of Mice and Muscles: How Do Athletes Endure Their Grueling Runs, Swims, and Rides?

Aug. 17, 2016 — As the Rio Olympic Games continue, many armchair spectators of the Games may be wondering: How do those athletes endure their grueling runs, swims, and ... read more

Aug. 17, 2016 — Scientists reveal why people with the ApoE4 gene are more susceptible to Alzheimer's disease. Late-onset Alzheimer's disease--the subset of the disorder occurring in people age 65 and ... read more

Normalizing Tumor Oxygen Supply Could Be Key Factor in the Fight Against Cancer

Aug. 17, 2016 — The lack of oxygen in tumor cells changes the cells' gene expression, thereby contributing to the growth of cancer, suggest researchers. The findings are far-reaching, as the study also proved ... read more

Can't Stand the Heat? Study Reveals How We Figure out If We're Too Hot

Aug. 17, 2016 — With temperatures soaring, our ability to detect and avoid places that are too warm is vital for regulating our body temperature. However, until now, little was known about the molecular mechanisms ... read more

Unveiled: Earth's Viral Diversity

Aug. 17, 2016 — Plumbing Earth's microbial diversity requires learning more about the poorly-studied relationships between microbes and the viruses that infect them, impacting their abilities to regulate global ... read more

Curbing the Life-Long Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury

Aug. 17, 2016 — A fall down the stairs, a car crash, a sports injury or an explosive blast can all cause traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients often recover. But in the days or weeks following the hit, they can ... read more

Aug. 17, 2016 — Study demonstrates value of new measurement reference for both evaluating assay performance and increasing confidence in reporting HER2 amplification for clinical ... read more

Mouse Study Points Way to Shut Down Harmful Immune Response in Lupus

Aug. 17, 2016 — Molecules that scavenge debris from dying cells appear to halt the cycle of chronic inflammation in lupus, while also enhancing the body’s ability to combat flu, according to studies in ... read more

Aug. 17, 2016 — Researchers have discovered a flaw in the armor of the most aggressive form of lung cancer, a weakness that doctors may be able to exploit to slow or even stop the disease. Remarkably, this ... read more

CRISPR-Cas9 Breaks Genes Better If You Disrupt DNA Repair

Aug. 17, 2016 — The popular gene-editing tool CRISPR-Cas9 competes with DNA repair, continually cutting what repair enzymes fix until the enzymes make a mistake, resulting in a broken gene. This led to a trick to ... read more

TERRA, the RNAs That Protect Telomeres

Aug. 17, 2016 — Despite their especially compact structure that is difficult to access, telomeres transcribe information like the rest of the DNA. The RNAs resulting from this process are called TERRA and their ... read more

Aug. 16, 2016 — A new discovery has revealed how special genes stay open for business, helping diagram a mechanism that plays a key role in fighting inflammation and ... read more

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