Human Biology News
July 25, 2016

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More Human Biology News
July 25, 2016

July 22, 2016 — Scientists have reported a detailed description of how function-impairing mutations in polr1c and polr1d genes cause Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS), a rare congenital craniofacial development ... read more

Gene Controls Regeneration of Injured Muscle by Adult Stem Cells

July 21, 2016 — A key gene enables the repair of injured muscle throughout life, according to a study in mice. The study results further suggest that this "overlooked" gene may play an important role in ... read more

New Intellectual Disability Syndrome Caused by Genetic Damage to Single Gene

July 21, 2016 — Scientists have found a gene responsible for an intellectual disability disorder and proven how it works. The research, details the role of a gene called BCL11A in a new intellectual disability ... read more

Algorithm Characterizes How Cancer Genomes Get Scrambled

July 21, 2016 — A new method for analyzing the scrambled genomes of cancer cells gives researchers for the first time the ability to simultaneously identify two different types of genetic changes associated with ... read more

Potential Drug Candidates Could Intervene in Deadly Diseases

July 20, 2016 — Scientists have identified drug candidates that can boost a cell's ability to catch the 'typos' in protein production that can cause a deadly disease called amyloidosis, revealing a ... read more

Uncovering a New Principle in Chemotherapy Resistance in Breast Cancer

July 20, 2016 — A laboratory study has revealed an entirely unexpected process for acquiring drug resistance that bypasses the need to re-establish DNA damage repair in breast cancers that have mutant BRCA1 or BRCA2 ... read more

RNA: How Cells Master the Art of Reading Life's Recipes

July 20, 2016 — A research project has closed an important gap in the understanding of a fundamental process of life -- the creation of proteins based on recipes called ... read more

Liquid Biopsies Offer Hope for Earlier Treatment, Better Tracking of Ovarian Cancer

July 20, 2016 — A promising new way to monitor and treat recurrence of ovarian cancer has been identified by researchers -- a hard-to-detect disease that claims many lives. New research finds liquid biopsies from ... read more

July 20, 2016 — A new study has uncovered details of how a type of immune cell helps the brain get rid of the tiny amyloid-beta aggregates that can clump together to form the plaques characteristic of ... read more

New Sun Cream Compound Offers Unprecedented Protection Against UVA Radiation

July 20, 2016 — A new wonder compound offers unprecedented protection against the harmful effects of UVA radiation in sunlight, which include photo-ageing, cell damage and ... read more

Disturbances in Blood Cell Gene Transcription May Lead to Leukemia

July 20, 2016 — Researchers have succeeded in shedding light on the pathogenesis of DNA breakpoints that are associated with leukemia. A mechanism discovered in a recent study can explain up to 90% of DNA damages ... read more

Rare Mutations in Bowel Cancer May Identify Patients With a Better Prognosis

July 19, 2016 — A study focused on colorectal cancers and examined the presence of mutations in a gene that is essential for the accurate copying of DNA when cells divide, known as DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE). As ... read more

July 19, 2016 — Zebrafish are becoming more and more popular as a research model for human disease. Along with mice and humans, they are one of the most commonly studied animals in biomedical ... read more

July 19, 2016 — Although mitochondria, the tiny capsules that produce energy for the cell, are known to play some role in neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders, the contribution of mitochondrial dynamics has ... read more

Protein Found to Bolster Growth of Damaged Muscle Tissue

July 19, 2016 — Biologists have found that a protein that plays a key role in the lives of stem cells can bolster the growth of damaged muscle tissue, a step that could contribute to treatments for muscle ... read more

Ship Engine Emissions Adversely Affect Macrophages

July 19, 2016 — Ship emissions adversely affect the health of inhabitants of coastal regions. This was the main finding of a study on the influence of ship engine emissions on macrophages in the lungs. Since ... read more

Genetic Drivers of Immune Response to Cancer Discovered Through 'Big Data' Analysis

July 18, 2016 — Scientists have identified over 100 new genetic regions that affect the immune response to cancer. The findings could inform the development of future immunotherapies -- treatments that enhance the ... read more

Scientists Delve Into 'Black Box' of DNA Research

July 18, 2016 — An unusual DNA repeat element on an inactive X chromosome is actually essential to the overall three-dimensional structure of this female-specific genetic phenomenon, new research has ... read more

Defective HIV DNA Can Encode HIV-Related Proteins

July 18, 2016 — Investigators have discovered that cells from HIV-infected people whose virus is suppressed with treatment harbor defective HIV DNA that can nevertheless be transcribed into a template for producing ... read more

Discovery Yields Answers for Family With Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection

July 18, 2016 — Through genetic analysis of a family with a history of thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD), investigators have identified mutations in the LOX gene, a gene associated with the integrity of ... read more

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