Human Biology News
August 26, 2016

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More Human Biology News
August 26, 2016

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists are testing a drug that could boost levels of critical protective protein in brain. In the study, the team conducted tests in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by raising the ... read more

Barcodes Show the Blood Family Tree

Aug. 24, 2016 — By assigning a barcode to stem cells, researchers have made it possible to monitor large blood cell populations as well as individual blood cells, and study the changes over time. Among other things, ... read more

New Small Molecule Compounds Could Treat Ebola Virus Infection

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. The compounds could potentially be ... read more

A New Path for Killing Pathogenic Bacteria

Aug. 24, 2016 — Bacteria that cause tuberculosis, leprosy and other diseases, survive by switching between two different types of metabolism. Scientists have now discovered that this switch is controlled by a ... read more

Mechanism That Alters Neural Excitability Offers Window Into Neuropsychiatric Disease

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control -- dynamic changes in DNA methylation -- is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural ... read more

Mutational Tug of War Over HIV's Disease-Inducing Potential

Aug. 23, 2016 — A study from AIDS researchers shows how the expected disease severity when someone is newly infected by HIV reflects a balance between the virus' invisibility to the host's immune system ... read more

New Zika Clone Could Be New Model for Developing Vaccine

Aug. 23, 2016 — Stopping the explosive spread of Zika virus -- which can lead to birth defects in babies born to infected mothers -- depends on genetic insights gleaned through new tools and models. Researchers ... read more

Esophageal Cancers Driven by 'Marginal Gain' Rather Than Speed

Aug. 22, 2016 — Scientists have shown that unexpectedly, esophageal cancer cells do not divide faster than their normal neighbors. But unlike normal cells, the tumor cells produce slightly more dividing daughter ... read more

Transcription Factor Foxn1 and Preserving Immune Function in Later Life

Aug. 22, 2016 — Researchers use new experimental models and analytical tools to investigate genes regulated by Foxn1, becoming the first to identify the DNA sequence bound by the transcription factor. Among the ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — In doses equivalent to those used regularly in human children, antibiotics changed the mix of gut microbes in young mice to dramatically increase their risk for type 1 ... read more

Two Key Proteins Preserve Vital Genetic Information

Aug. 22, 2016 — New research demonstrates how two key proteins mediate the organization of chromosomes and our genome, shedding light on one of the key genetic processes for every person. With this key basic ... read more

Aug. 19, 2016 — There are a couple strains of herpes so common that researchers estimate 90% of the human population have them. These strains, human herpes 6 and human herpes 7, usually do not cause severe symptoms ... read more

Fruit Flies Could Be Key to Fighting Cervical Cancer Caused by Human Papillomavirus

Aug. 18, 2016 — HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the US and has been identified as a cause of cancer in women. A team of researchers has completed studies on fruit flies with a ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Researchers have identified the protein that norovirus uses to invade cells. Norovirus is the most common viral cause of diarrhea worldwide, but scientists still know little about how it infects ... read more

Uncovering a New Pathway to Halting Metastasis

Aug. 18, 2016 — New research could lead to new therapies to treat patients who suffer from metastatic disease, report scientists. Metastasis, the process by which cancer cells leave the primary tumor and spread to ... read more

New Strategy to Reverse the Disease Dyskeratosis Congenita

Aug. 18, 2016 — A link between telomeres and a molecular signaling cascade called the Wnt pathway has been identified by researchers, which may point to a treatment option for dyskeratosis congenita patients. ... read more

Unexplained Developmental Disorder Linked to Gene Involved in Essential Cellular Processes

Aug. 18, 2016 — A neurodevelopmental disorder for which there was no known cause has been linked to SON, a gene that is involved in essential mechanisms a cell uses to translate DNA into protein, as well as in DNA ... read more

Heart Muscle Made from Stem Cells Aid Precision Cardiovascular Medicine, Study Shows

Aug. 18, 2016 — Heart muscle cells made from induced pluripotent stem cells faithfully mirror the expression patterns of key genes in the donor's native heart tissue, according to researchers. As a result, the ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Structural biologists provide a new explanation for how ALS-associated genetic flaws interfere with the proper function and behavior of the protein ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Scientists have used CRISPR gene editing technology and live cell, single molecule microscopy to watch in real-time, for the first time, the essential interaction between telomerase and ... read more

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