Human Biology News
July 29, 2016

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updated 8:01pm EDT

More Human Biology News
July 29, 2016

July 28, 2016 — All at once, a roundworm overhauls an array of survival strategies, and researchers suspect multiple mutations behind it. But they're surprised when they trace the sweeping changes back to one ... read more

Gene Therapy Developed for Muscle Wasting

July 27, 2016 — A discovery could save millions of people suffering from muscle wasting ... read more

Genetic Profiling Increases Cancer Treatment Options, Study Finds

July 27, 2016 — Genetic profiling of cancer tumors provides new avenues for treatment of the disease, according to a study. In this research, the investigators used next-generation gene sequencing technology to ... read more

Universal Genetic Code May Not Be So Universal

July 26, 2016 — New research is casting doubt on a commonly held belief about how cells use DNA to make proteins, suggesting the genetic code is more diverse than previously ... read more

Research Tracks Interplay of Genes and Environment on Physical, Educational Outcomes

July 26, 2016 — Over the course of the 20th century, genes began to play a greater role in the height and body mass index (BMI) of Americans, while their significance decreased in educational outcomes and occurrence ... read more

New Evidence: How Amino Acid Cysteine Combats Huntington's Disease

July 26, 2016 — Researchers have reported they have identified a biochemical pathway linking oxidative stress and the amino acid cysteine in Huntington's ... read more

Genome-Editing 'Toolbox' Targets Multiple Genes at Once

July 26, 2016 — Scientists have designed a system to modify, or edit, multiple genes in the genome simultaneously, while also minimizing unintended effects. The gene-editing 'toolbox' provides a ... read more

July 26, 2016 — Zika virus, it is thought, can cause microcephaly, a birth defect where a baby's head is smaller than usual. Additionally, it is associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome, a neurological disorder ... read more

July 26, 2016 — A regulatory protein named ERI-1 helps ensure that all cells in a tissue remain identical to one another, a research team has discovered for the first time. The work involved an unusual collaboration ... read more

Researchers Identify Protein Role in Pathway Required for Ebola Replication

July 26, 2016 — A newly identified requirement of a modified human protein in ebolavirus replication, may unlock the door for new approaches to treating ... read more

To Divide or Not: A Cellular Feedback Loop Enables New Cells to Make a Fateful Decision

July 26, 2016 — New research sheds light on a critical decision every newly born cell makes: whether to continue to proliferate or exit the cell-division cycle. In cancer, the equivalent of an 'on' switch ... read more

Markers That Cause Toxic Radiotherapy Side-Effects in Prostate Cancer Identified

July 26, 2016 — A new study has looked at the genetic information of more than 1,500 prostate cancer patients and identified two variants linked to increased risk of radiotherapy ... read more

Severity of Enzyme Deficiency Central to Favism

July 26, 2016 — The congenital disease favism causes sickness and even jaundice in patients after they consume beans. The culprit is a particular enzyme deficiency, which destroys the red blood cells. Scientists ... read more

Cells from Same Cell Bank Lots May Have Vast Genetic Variability

July 26, 2016 — In a surprise finding, researchers working with breast cancer cells purchased at the same time from the same cell bank discovered that the cells responded differently to chemicals, even though the ... read more

July 26, 2016 — New insights into how the human genome gets through the daily grind with the help of RNA-binding proteins has been uncovered in a discovery that could ultimately lead to a cure for heart ... read more

New Genetics Clues Into Motor Neuron Disease

July 26, 2016 — Researchers have contributed to the discovery of three new genes which increase the risk of motor neuron disease, opening the door for targeted ... read more

Transcriptome Differences in Prostate Cancer Highlight Racial Disparities, Vitamin D

July 25, 2016 — Investigators report clinical research showing that African-American and European-American men with prostate cancer exhibit significantly different expression of genes associated with immune response ... read more

An Unprecedented Look at DNA Damage

July 25, 2016 — Researchers have mapped the damage of ultraviolet radiation on individual units of DNA, opening a new avenue in the search for how sunlight causes skin cancer and what might be done to prevent ... read more

New Gene Variants Present in Three Percent of All ALS Patients

July 25, 2016 — Variations in a gene with multiple functions in neurons are present in approximately 3 percent of all cases of ALS in North American and European populations, both sporadic and familial, making it ... read more

DNA Sequencing Uncovers Latent Risk for Developing Cystic Fibrosis

July 25, 2016 — All babies with a known mutation for cystic fibrosis (CF) and second mutation called the 5T allele should receive additional screening in order to better predict the risk of developing CF later in ... read more

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