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Short kids may have higher future stroke risk

Date:
February 15, 2018
Source:
American Heart Association
Summary:
Being a short kid is associated with increased risk of having a stroke in adulthood, according to new research.
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Being a short kid is associated with increased risk of having a stroke in adulthood, according to Danish research published in Stroke, an American Heart Association journal.

A prospective study examined data on more than 300,000 Danish schoolchildren -- born between 1930-1989 who were examined at ages 7, 10 and 13. Researchers noted that boys and girls who were 2 to 3 inches shorter than average for their age were at increased risk of clot-related (ischemic) stroke in adult men and women and of bleeding stroke in men.

While adult height is genetically determined, it is also influenced by factors such as maternal diet during pregnancy, childhood diet, infection and psychological stress. Several of these factors are modifiable and all are thought to affect the risk of stroke.

Researchers noted that a decline in stroke incidence and mortality rates in most high-income countries, primarily in women, occurred simultaneously with a general increase in attained adult height. Taken together, this suggests the involvement of shared underlying mechanisms for height and stroke development.

Researchers say these results have implications for understanding disease origin rather than for clinical risk prediction and future studies should focus on the mechanisms underlying the relationship between childhood height and later stroke.

"Our study suggests that short height in children is a possible marker of stroke risk and suggests these children should pay extra attention to changing or treating modifiable risk factors for stroke throughout life to reduce the chances of having this disease," said senior study author Jennifer L. Baker, Ph.D., associate professor in the Center for Clinical Research and Prevention at Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital and Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, at the University of Copenhagen, in Denmark.


Story Source:

Materials provided by American Heart Association. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Line Klingen Gjærde, Thomas Clement Truelsen, Jennifer Lyn Baker. Childhood Stature and Growth in Relation to First Ischemic Stroke or Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Stroke, 2018; STROKEAHA.117.019880 DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.019880

Cite This Page:

American Heart Association. "Short kids may have higher future stroke risk." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 February 2018. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180215105804.htm>.
American Heart Association. (2018, February 15). Short kids may have higher future stroke risk. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 21, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180215105804.htm
American Heart Association. "Short kids may have higher future stroke risk." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180215105804.htm (accessed June 21, 2024).

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