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Genetic link to IBS identified in women

Date:
April 5, 2018
Source:
Karolinska Institutet
Summary:
New research links certain DNA variants to increased risk of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in women. The findings might help explain why IBS is more common in women than in men.
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New research coordinated by Karolinska Institutet in Sweden links certain DNA variants to increased risk of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in women. The findings, published in the scientific journal Gastroenterology, might help explain why IBS is more common in women than in men.

Irritable bowel syndrome is the most common gastrointestinal disorder. More than 10 per cent of the population, women more than men, suffer from recurrent symptoms including abdominal pain, gas, diarrhea and constipation. What causes IBS is largely unknown, which hampers the development of effective treatment for many patients. Genetic predisposition to IBS is recognised, although poorly investigated.

Now an international research team led by scientists from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have identified DNA variants that are associated with increased risk of IBS, but only in women.

"Exploiting the large UK Biobank resource, as well as several patient cohorts from European and US expert centres, we have been able to study genetic predisposition to IBS with increased statistical power, better than ever before," says corresponding author Mauro D'Amato, visiting professor at Karolinska Institutet's Department of Medicine in Solna and coordinator of the bellygenes initiative that led to the discovery.

The researchers used genotype data from more than 300,000 UK Biobank participants in a genome-wide association study (GWAS). They found DNA variants that associate with increased risk of a doctor's diagnosis of IBS in women but not in men, specifically from a region on chromosome 9 previously reported to also influence puberty timing in women (age at first menstruation).

By following up this result in 2,045 patients from IBS expert centres in Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy and the US, the researchers observed further associations with constipation-predominant IBS as well as harder stools, again only in women.

"Although we cannot point to individual genes at this early stage, we believe these results are exciting, as they converge with existing data on female preponderance and a role of sex-hormones in IBS," says Mauro D'Amato.

In addition to Karolinska Institutet, researchers and clinicians from several other institutions participated in the study, including the Mayo Clinic and University of California Los Angeles in the US, IKMB in Kiel Germany, TARGID in Leuven Belgium, BioDonostia HRI in San Sebastian Spain, the Universities of Bologna in Italy, Groningen and Maastricht in the Netherlands, and others.


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Materials provided by Karolinska Institutet. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Ferdinando Bonfiglio, Tenghao Zheng, Koldo Garcia-Etxebarria, Fatemeh Hadizadeh, Luis Bujanda, Francesca Bresso, Lars Agreus, Anna Andreasson, Aldona Dlugosz, Greger Lindberg, Peter T. Schmidt, Pontus Karling, Bodil Ohlsson, Magnus Simren, Susanna Walter, Gerardo Nardone, Rosario Cuomo, Paolo Usai-Satta, Francesca Galeazzi, Matteo Neri, Piero Portincasa, Massimo Bellini, Giovanni Barbara, Anna Latiano, Matthias Hübenthal, Vincent Thijs, Mihai G. Netea, Daisy Jonkers, Lin Chang, Emeran A. Mayer, Mira M. Wouters, Guy Boeckxstaens, Michael Camilleri, Andre Franke, Alexandra Zhernakova, Mauro D’Amato. Female-specific Association Between Variants on Chromosome 9 and Self-reported Diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Gastroenterology, 2018; DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2018.03.064

Cite This Page:

Karolinska Institutet. "Genetic link to IBS identified in women." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 April 2018. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/04/180405120327.htm>.
Karolinska Institutet. (2018, April 5). Genetic link to IBS identified in women. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 27, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/04/180405120327.htm
Karolinska Institutet. "Genetic link to IBS identified in women." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/04/180405120327.htm (accessed May 27, 2024).

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