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Gastrointestinal Problems News
February 25, 2017

Latest Headlines
updated 4:23pm EST

More Gastrointestinal Problems News
February 25, 2017

Inflammatory Disease Trigger Revealed

Feb. 22, 2017 — Scientists have revealed a potent inflammatory molecule released by dying cells triggers inflammation during necroptosis, a recently described form of cell death linked to inflammatory disease. The ... read more

Low Level Vitamin D During Remission Contributes to Relapse in Ulcerative Colitis Patients

Feb. 17, 2017 — Lower levels of vitamin D in the blood increase the risk of clinical relapse in patients with Ulcerative Colitis (UC), an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers ... read more

Biologists Control Gut Inflammation by Altering the Abundance of Resident Bacteria

Feb. 16, 2017 — Numerous human diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes and autism spectrum disorders are linked to abnormal gut microbiomes, but an open question is whether these altered microbiomes ... read more

Esophageal Cancer: Loss of Muscle Mass Represents a Significant Risk to Survival

Feb. 14, 2017 — Esophageal cancer patients who suffer loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia) during neoadjuvant therapy (chemotherapy prior to surgery) survive, on average, 32 months less than patients with no sarcopenia, ... read more

Understanding Enzymes: New Tool Can Help Researchers Identify Enzymes, and Their Abundance, in Microbiomes

Feb. 13, 2017 — A new tool can help researchers more accurately identify enzymes present in microbiomes and quantify their relative ... read more

Alpha-Lipoic Acid Prevents Kidney Stones in Mouse Model of Rare Genetic Disease

Feb. 6, 2017 — Alpha-lipoic acid, a dietary supplement widely available to consumers, prevented stone formation in a mouse model of cystinuria, a rare inherited disease that causes recurrent formation of painful ... read more

Jan. 31, 2017 — Using immature stem cells to create a miniature model of the gut in the laboratory, researchers have determined how infection-causing enteroviruses enter the ... read more

Largest Genetic Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Provides Clues on New Drug Targets

Jan. 30, 2017 — Medical researchers have identified a genetic variant that doubles an individual's risk of developing ulcerative colitis, one of the subtypes of a chronic disorder known as Inflammatory Bowel ... read more

Breath Test Could Help Detect Stomach and Esophageal Cancers

Jan. 29, 2017 — A test that measures the levels of five chemicals in the breath has shown promising results for the detection of cancers of the oesophagus and stomach in a large patient ... read more

Jan. 27, 2017 — Modifying the shape of IRAK-M, a protein that controls inflammation, can significantly reduce the clinical progression of inflammation and colon cancer in pre-clinical animal ... read more

Antibodies as 'Messengers' in the Nervous System

Jan. 27, 2017 — Antibodies are able to activate human nerve cells within milliseconds and hence modify their function -- that is the surprising conclusion of a new study. This knowledge improves our understanding of ... read more

Food and Antibiotics May Change Microorganisms in Gut, Causing IBS

Jan. 26, 2017 — Changes to the microorganisms (microbiota) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may be a cause of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), suggest ... read more

Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux Operation for GERD Linked to Fewer Postoperative Complications

Jan. 26, 2017 — Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, known as GERD, who undergo laparoscopic anti-reflux operations compared with traditional 'open' operations suffer fewer postoperative ... read more

What Makes Drug for Ulcerative Colitis Tick?

Jan. 23, 2017 — For approximately 70 years, physicians have used a medication containing the active agent mesalamine to treat ulcerative colitis, but little was known about how the drug targeted the inflammatory ... read more

Microscopic Submarines for Your Stomach

Jan. 23, 2017 — Tiny 'submarines' that speed independently through the stomach, use gastric acid for fuel (while rapidly neutralizing it), and release their cargo precisely at the desired pH: Though it may ... read more

Positive Outcomes After Obesity Surgery in Adolescents

Jan. 23, 2017 — Obesity surgery has proven to be just as effective for teenagers as for adults. Five years on, those who underwent the procedure as teenagers weighed, on average, 28 percent less than prior to the ... read more

Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Gut Inflammation, Bacteria Changes

Jan. 19, 2017 — People with Type 1 diabetes exhibit inflammation in the digestive tract and gut bacteria, a pattern that differs from individuals who do not have diabetes or those who have celiac disease, according ... read more

Small Intestine GIST Associated With Better Prognosis in Younger Patients

Jan. 18, 2017 — Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are tumors that arise is the wall of the digestive tract, and most often occur in the stomach or small intestine. Though more common in later in life, GISTs can ... read more

Changes in Blood-Brain Barrier, Intestinal Permeability Found in Individuals With Autism

Jan. 18, 2017 — A new study finds reduced expression of genes involved in integrity of the blood-brain barrier, intestinal barrier in those with autism spectrum ... read more

'Collateral' Lethality May Offer New Therapeutic Approach for Cancers of the Pancreas, Stomach and Colon

Jan. 18, 2017 — Cancer cells often delete genes that normally suppress tumor formation. These deletions also may extend to neighboring genes, an event known as 'collateral lethality,' which may create new ... read more

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