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An AI technology to reveal the characteristics of animal behavior only from the trajectory

Date:
July 16, 2019
Source:
Osaka University
Summary:
Recording the movements of people and animals has become easy because of small GPS devices and video cameras. However, the reasons for such movements remain difficult to infer. Scientists have developed a flexible artificial intelligence technology to understand the movement of animals, ranging from roundworms in petri dishes to penguins in the Antarctic Ocean. This method may make it easier to understand animal movements as well as their underlying brain activities.
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Recording the movements of people and animals (including birds and insects) has become very easy because of the development of small and inexpensive GPS devices and video cameras. However, it is still difficult to infer what triggers such movements (for example, external stimuli and/or their mental processes) from the behavioral records.

In this study, Shuhei Yamazaki and colleagues have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) technology, first, to estimate an animal's behavioral state, such as "resting," "feeding," or "traveling," without human classification, and, next, to explore the characteristics of each behavioral state by comparing responses under different conditions, such as before and after experiencing a certain stimulus.

This method, termed STEFTR (state estimation and feature extraction of animal behavior), enabled the researchers to estimate the behavioral states of roundworms and penguins that move approximately 1 cm in 10 min in a petri dish and several kilometers in 1 day or more in the Antarctic Ocean, respectively, by analyzing them in exactly the same way. Notably, they achieved > 90% accuracy using only tens of animal trajectories, although traditionally researchers used prior knowledge of specialists about the animal's movement and/or millions of video images of animal behavior to train AI.

In the feature extraction, Yamazaki et al. revealed experience-dependent (i.e., "learning"-dependent) changes in specific behavioral aspects in worms and bats, and sexual pheromone-dependent changes in fruit flies. Moreover, they revealed changes in nerve activity that is linked to behavioral change in worms.

In conclusion, the STEFTR method may make it easy to infer "important places" for animal behavior, such as nests and feeding places that are usually difficult to find, using only trajectory data of wild animals. In addition, it may help discover important brain activities related to animal behavior, thereby contributing to the progress of basic brain science.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Osaka University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Shuhei J. Yamazaki, Kazuya Ohara, Kentaro Ito, Nobuo Kokubun, Takuma Kitanishi, Daisuke Takaichi, Yasufumi Yamada, Yosuke Ikejiri, Fumie Hiramatsu, Kosuke Fujita, Yuki Tanimoto, Akiko Yamazoe-Umemoto, Koichi Hashimoto, Katsufumi Sato, Ken Yoda, Akinori Takahashi, Yuki Ishikawa, Azusa Kamikouchi, Shizuko Hiryu, Takuya Maekawa, Koutarou D. Kimura. STEFTR: A Hybrid Versatile Method for State Estimation and Feature Extraction From the Trajectory of Animal Behavior. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2019; 13 DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2019.00626

Cite This Page:

Osaka University. "An AI technology to reveal the characteristics of animal behavior only from the trajectory." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 July 2019. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190716095541.htm>.
Osaka University. (2019, July 16). An AI technology to reveal the characteristics of animal behavior only from the trajectory. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 22, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190716095541.htm
Osaka University. "An AI technology to reveal the characteristics of animal behavior only from the trajectory." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190716095541.htm (accessed July 22, 2024).

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