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Potential novel biomarkers of coronary heart disease discovered

Date:
March 18, 2024
Source:
Deutsches Zentrum fuer Diabetesforschung DZD
Summary:
Coronary heart disease is a major global health problem, especially among people with type 2 diabetes. Researchers have identified novel protein biomarkers that are associated with the development of CHD in people with and without diabetes.
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Coronary heart disease is a major global health problem, especially among people with type 2 diabetes. Researchers at the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), Helmholtz Munich, and Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU) have identified novel protein biomarkers that are associated with the development of CHD in people with and without diabetes. The results have been published in Cardiovascular Diabetology.

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common causes of death worldwide -- especially in Europe: Here, it is responsible for nearly half of all deaths. Among middle-aged adults, individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have a two to four times higher risk of developing CHD than people without T2D. The research team investigated the predictive performance of protein biomarkers on incident CHD in individuals with and without T2D.

For their study, the researchers used data from Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA). The validation cohort included 888 participants from the KORA-Age1 study with 70 incident cases of CHD (19 vs. 51 cases in the group with T2D and without T2D, respectively) during 6.9 years of follow-up. They tested blood samples of the subjects for 233 plasma proteins related to cardiovascular disease and inflammation.

The researchers thus identified two proteins associated with incident CHD in individuals with diabetes and 29 proteins in those without baseline T2D. Six of these proteins are novel candidates for incident CHD.

The results of this study contribute significantly to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of CHD in T2D patients and offer potential new approaches to the prevention and treatment of this serious complication. They underscore the importance of further research in this area and the role of the German Center for Diabetes Research in resolving pressing issues related to diabetes and its complications.


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Materials provided by Deutsches Zentrum fuer Diabetesforschung DZD. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Hong Luo, Marie-Theres Huemer, Agnese Petrera, Stefanie M. Hauck, Wolfgang Rathmann, Christian Herder, Wolfgang Koenig, Annika Hoyer, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand. Association of plasma proteomics with incident coronary heart disease in individuals with and without type 2 diabetes: results from the population-based KORA study. Cardiovascular Diabetology, 2024; 23 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12933-024-02143-z

Cite This Page:

Deutsches Zentrum fuer Diabetesforschung DZD. "Potential novel biomarkers of coronary heart disease discovered." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 March 2024. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240318141602.htm>.
Deutsches Zentrum fuer Diabetesforschung DZD. (2024, March 18). Potential novel biomarkers of coronary heart disease discovered. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 21, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240318141602.htm
Deutsches Zentrum fuer Diabetesforschung DZD. "Potential novel biomarkers of coronary heart disease discovered." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240318141602.htm (accessed April 21, 2024).

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